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Any one have amu/apus constitutional law quiz 3 and final exam.plz help
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lilrican0306

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Any one have amu/apus constitutional law and criminal law final

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Reply# 1
lilrican0306
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3 years ago

Anyone?



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Reply# 2
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3 years ago

Did you ever get the answers for quiz 3? I need them for this week ending Sunday.



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Reply# 3
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3 years ago

Help with Constitutional law 301 quiz 3 anyone



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Reply# 4
LSTD 301
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3 years ago

Question 1 of 10 10.0 Points

Which of the following are dangers associated with electronic media? 
 A. Children have access to media that might be inappropriate for them. 
 
 B. Fraud and deception. 
 
 C. Invasion of privacy. 
 
 D. Harassment. 
 
 E. All of these are dangers. 



Answer Key: E
Question 2 of 10 10.0 Points

The Court in Reno v. ACLU held that the Internet is more like newspapers than broadcast media.
 
  A. True
 B. False
 



Answer Key: True
Question 3 of 10 10.0 Points

COPA uses what obscenity case to define what material is "harmful to minors?" 
 A. Roth 
 
 B. Jacobellis 
 
 C. Memoirs 
 
 D. Miller 



Answer Key: D
Question 4 of 10 10.0 Points

The government may require public libraries to use "filtering" software to block "visual depictions" that are harmful to minors.
 
  A. True
 B. False
 



Answer Key: True
Question 5 of 10 10.0 Points

In response to the ruling in Free Speech Coalition, Congress enacted the Protect Act of 2003.
 
  True
 False
 



Answer Key: True
Question 6 of 10 10.0 Points

In Doe v. Bates, the parents of a child who was victimized by an online pornography group filed a lawsuit against Yahoo! alleging that it knowingly hosted illegal child pornography on the "Candyman" Yahoo! Group. The federal court for the Eastern District of Texas held that Yahoo was immune from suit under the _____.   
 A. CDA. 
 
 B. COPA. 
 
 C. CIPA. 
 
 D. PROTECT. 



Answer Key: A
Question 7 of 10 10.0 Points

The first significant piece of federal gun control legislation was the National Firearms Act of 1934.
 
  True
 False
 



Answer Key: True
Question 8 of 10 10.0 Points

United States v. Miller has been viewed as generally supporting the collective right theory of the Second Amendment.
 
  A. True
 B. False
 



Answer Key: True
Question 9 of 10 10.0 Points

District of Columbia v. Heller applied the Second Amendment to the states.
 
  A. True
 B. False
 



Answer Key: False
Question 10 of 10 10.0 Points

McDonald v. Chicago (2010) supports the collective right interpretation of the Second Amendment.
 
  A. True
 B. False
 



Answer Key: False


Post Merge: 3 years ago
The answers above is from quiz 3



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3 years ago

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Quiz 1 LSTD 301

Part 1 of 1 -   100.0000015/ 100.000015 Points

Question 1 of 15    6.68/ 6.68 Points
Gitlow v. New York incorporated which of the following?
   

A. The freedom of speech and press.   

B. The freedom of assembly.   

C. The freedom of petition.   

D. The establishment of religion.   


Answer Key: A
Question 2 of 15    6.68/ 6.68 Points
Duncan v. Louisiana incorporated which of the following?

A. The right to counsel.   

B. The right to a speedy trial.   
   

C. The right to a jury.   

D. The right to confront witnesses.   


Answer Key: C
Question 3 of 15    6.68/ 6.68 Points
In Twining v. New Jersey the Court ruled that rights protected by the Due Process Clause are ________.

A. only those found in the First Amendment   

B. all found in the Bill of Rights   
   

C. fundamental and inalienable   

D. only those protected by the Fourteenth Amendment   


Answer Key: C
Question 4 of 15    6.68/ 6.68 Points
The definition of fundamental rights, according to Palko, includes ________.
   

A. those rights without which liberty and justice could not exist   

B. those rights without which the Bill of Rights could not exist   

C. those rights that replace liberty and justice   

D. those rights that replace the Bill of Rights   


Answer Key: A
Question 5 of 15    6.68/ 6.68 Points
In Reynolds v. United States the Court outlawed _____.

A. the "I am" religion   
   

B. polygamy   

C. the freedom of religion   

D. the establishment of religion   


Answer Key: B
Question 6 of 15    6.66/ 6.66 Points
In Wisconsin v. Yoder the Court ruled that _____.

A. Amish children must attend school after the eight grade   
   

B. Amish children cannot be compelled to attend school after the eighth grade   

C. Amish children must attend school after the twelfth grade   

D. Amish children cannot be compelled to attend school after the twelfth grade   


Answer Key: B
Question 7 of 15    6.66/ 6.66 Points
In Edwards v. Aguillard the Court ruled that _____.
   

A. public school teachers must give equal time to creationism in biology classes   

B. public school teachers must only teach creationism in biology classes   

C. public school teachers do not have to teach creationism in biology classes   

D. public school teachers do not have to teach evolution in biology classes   


Answer Key: C
Question 8 of 15    6.66/ 6.66 Points
School-sponsored prayer before football games was ruled unconstitutional in _____.

A. Edwards v. Aguillard   

B. School District of Abington Township v. Schempp   

C. Lee v. Weisman   
   

D. Santa Fe Independent School District v. Doe   


Answer Key: D
Question 9 of 15    6.66/ 6.66 Points
County of Allegheny v. ACLU indicated that the Court _____.
   

A. would analyze context when determining whether religious symbols can be displayed on public property   

B. would not analyze context when determining whether religious symbols can be displayed on public property   

C. would never allow religious displays on public property   

D. would only allow religious displays on public property   


Answer Key: A
Question 10 of 15    6.66/ 6.66 Points
The test for ruling in religious establishment cases created by Chief Justice Burger is the _____.

A. Coercion Test   

B. Nonpreferential treatment test   
   

C. Lemon test   

D. Endorsement Approach   


Answer Key: C
Question 11 of 15    6.66/ 6.66 Points
With the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, Congress _____.
   

A. made it more difficult for government agencies to impose restrictions on religious practices   

B. made it easier for government agencies to impose restrictions on religious practices   


Answer Key: A
Question 12 of 15    6.66/ 6.66 Points
In religious exercise cases the compelling interest test makes it _____.
   

A. more difficult for government agencies to impose restrictions on religious practices   

B. easier for government agencies to impose restrictions on religious practices   


Answer Key: A
Question 13 of 15    6.66/ 6.66 Points
The major change in the Court's Establishment Clause cases ushered in by Walz v. Tax Commission of the City of New York dealt with _____.

A. the Court focused on the legitimate secular purpose of a law   

B. the Court focused on the primary effect of the law on religion   
   

C. the Court focused on the excessive entanglement of a law with religion   


Answer Key: C
Question 14 of 15    6.66/ 6.66 Points
The valid secular policy test helps the Court determine if there is a legitimate religious goal in the law that has been passed.

 True
 False



Answer Key: False
Question 15 of 15    6.66/ 6.66 Points
The Supreme Court has always taken a view of complete incorporation.
   
 True
 False



Answer Key: False



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Question 1 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Crimes that manifest evidence of prejudice based on certain group characteristics are known as:

   

   A. a. vice crimes.   
    

   B. b. hate crimes.   
   

   C. c. domestic crimes.   
   

   D. d. violent crimes.   



Answer Key: B
Question 2 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is member of a "disenfranchised" population?

   

   A. a. the mentally ill   
   

   B. b. the homeless   
   

   C. c. public inebriates   
    

   D. d. All of the above   



Answer Key: D
Question 3 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is NOT a form of internal control of police discretion?

   

   A. a. policies   
   

   B. b. training   
    

   C. c. civilian review boards   
   

   D. d. supervision   



Answer Key: C
Question 4 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is (are) legislative means of control of police discretion?

   

   A. a. enactment of laws   
   

   B. b. training and supervision guidelines for organizations   
   

   C. c. allocation of funds   
    

   D. d. both a and c   



Answer Key: D
Question 5 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is one of the three criteria used to identify excessive force?

   

   A. a. criminal law   
   

   B. b. civil liability   
   

   C. c. fear of scandal   
    

   D. d. all of the above   



Answer Key: D
Question 6 of 34   0.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is true regarding courts' reactions in cases involving use of force?

   

   A. a. They almost always rule for the victim.   
   

   B. b. They almost always rule for the police.   
    

   C. c. They rule for the victim and police at the same rate.   
   

   D. d. They rule for the victim slightly more than for the police.   



Answer Key: B
Question 7 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following best describes deadly force?

   

   A. a. When an officer unholsters a firearm.   
   

   B. b. When an officer uses a baton.   
   

   C. c. When an officer threatens to shoot the suspect.   
    

   D. d. When an officer discharges his/her weapon.   



Answer Key: D
Question 8 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following best describes the four performance criteria in an early warning system used to identify problem officers?

   

   A. a. use of force, reprimands, breach of duty, alcoholism   
    

   B. b. complaints, use of force, reprimands, discharge of firearms   
   

   C. c. discharge of firearms, alcoholism, domestic violence, corruption   
   

   D. d. corruption, breach of duty, complaints, reprimands   



Answer Key: B
Question 9 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is an example of a "less-than-lethal" weapon?

   

   A. a. water cannons   
   

   B. b. rubber bullets   
   

   C. c. tear gas   
    

   D. d. all of the above   



Answer Key: D
Question 10 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is a purpose served by departmental written policies?

   

   A. a. to set forth the agency's philosophy of policing   
   

   B. b. to articulate the broad goals of the department   
   

   C. c. to reflect the community's expectations of the department   
    

   D. d. all of the above   



Answer Key: D
Question 11 of 34   0.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is NOT a purpose served by a police department's formal policies?

   

   A. a. outline the agency's principles of organization and management   
   

   B. b. articulate the broad goals of the department   
   

   C. c. reflect the community's expectations of the department   
    

   D. d. identify the parameters of organizational flexibility   



Answer Key: A
Question 12 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
What differentiates police crime from crimes committed by police officers?

    

   A. a. Police crime involves the officer's use of official powers to engage in criminal conduct.   
   

   B. b. Police crime is always committed while on duty.   
   

   C. c. Police crime takes place in patrol cars.   
   

   D. d. All crimes committed by police officers are police crimes.   



Answer Key: A
Question 13 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is best defined as "behavior that requires the misuse of authority for personal gain"?

   

   A. a. deviance   
   

   B. b. autonomy   
    

   C. c. corruption   
   

   D. d. extortion   



Answer Key: C
Question 14 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following statements is FALSE concerning the concept of tort?

   

   A. a. They are heard in civil court.   
   

   B. b. They are violations of private interests.   
    

   C. c. They are punishable by imprisonment.   
   

   D. d. They have a lower burden of proof than crime.   



Answer Key: C
Question 15 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following best describes a strict liability tort?

    

   A. a. Strict tort liability is normally associated with behaviors that are so dangerous that a reasonable person can be substantially certain injury or damage will result.   
   

   B. b. The person intended to engage in the conduct that led to the injury or damage.   
   

   C. c. Strict tort liability involves inadvertent behavior that results in damage or injury.   
   

   D. d. Strict tort liability is a violation of federally protected civil rights.   



Answer Key: A
Question 16 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
__________ is behavior that inflicts injury or causes a person to fear the infliction of immediate injury.

   

   A. a. Deadly force   
    

   B. b. Assault   
   

   C. c. Battery   
   

   D. d. Intentional force   



Answer Key: B
Question 17 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
__________ is behavior that that is offensive, or harmful contact between two persons.

   

   A. a. Deadly force   
   

   B. b. Assault   
    

   C. c. Battery   
   

   D. d. Intentional force   



Answer Key: C
Question 18 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following best describes the Supreme Court's ruling in Tennessee v. Garner?

   

   A. a. Certain state "fleeing-felon" laws were unconstitutional.   
   

   B. b. Police could use deadly force to stop a fleeing murderer, but not other felons.   
   

   C. c. "Fleeing-felon" laws were constitutional.   
    

   D. d. Police could use deadly force in any situation the officer deems it necessary.   



Answer Key: A
Question 19 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is a benefit to the police and the community when good relations exist?

   

   A. a. a decrease in the rate of crime and delinquency   
   

   B. b. improved working relationships with citizens   
   

   C. c. increased governmental support in terms of higher salaries   
    

   D. d. all of the above   



Answer Key: D
Question 20 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Efforts to identify and manage the conditions within the social and physical environment that provide opportunities or precipitate crime represents what type of crime prevention program?

    

   A. a. primary   
   

   B. b. secondary   
   

   C. c. tertiary   
   

   D. d. encompassing   



Answer Key: A
Question 21 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following best describes community-oriented policing?

   

   A. a. focuses on educating the public about police problems through service-oriented activities   
    

   B. b. focuses on fear reduction and order-maintenance activities through the involvement of citizens using problem-solving methods   
   

   C. c. focuses on fear reduction and order-maintenance activities using service-oriented activities   
   

   D. d. focuses on crime reduction and service-oriented activities through order maintenance methods   



Answer Key: B
Question 22 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is a key element in problem solving?

   

   A. a. problems must be defined   
   

   B. b. information concerning problems must be collected   
   

   C. c. police must search for problem solutions   
    

   D. d. all of the above   



Answer Key: D
Question 23 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following best defines "systemic" violence?

    

   A. a. violence that is related to the "business" aspect of drug usage   
   

   B. b. violence that is related to obtaining drugs, or money for illegal drugs   
   

   C. c. violence that is related to the decreased mental capacity of a person who is under the influence of a drug   
   

   D. d. violence that is related to the consumption of alcohol   



Answer Key: A
Question 24 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations (RICO) statute makes it a crime to:

    

   A. a. conspire with others to commit crimes.   
   

   B. b. launder money gained from the sale for illicit drugs.   
   

   C. c. fail to pay taxes on money gained from the sale of illicit drugs.   
   

   D. d. participate in the manufacture of illicit drugs.   



Answer Key: A
Question 25 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
The Bureau of Justice Assistance implemented a drug reduction strategy that has been adopted by many states. Which of the following is one of those strategies?

   

   A. a. drug use prevention campaigns, using different types of media to educate the public   
   

   B. b. programs that include law enforcement involvement in citizen education   
   

   C. c. community involvement programs designed to involve community groups   
    

   D. d. all of the above   



Answer Key: D
Question 26 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following type of property can be seized under forfeiture statutes?

   

   A. a. contraband (drugs)   
   

   B. b. direct proceeds (cash)   
   

   C. c. derivative proceeds (real estate, stock, etc.)   
    

   D. d. all of the above   



Answer Key: D
Question 27 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
What is the most important reason for law enforcement actions at the retail or street level?

    

   A. a. to make drug transactions riskier and more inconvenient, which leads to reduced consumption   
   

   B. b. safer neighborhoods   
   

   C. c. law enforcement actions will result in an increased number of arrests, which deters drug use and crime   
   

   D. d. citizens feel less fearful of crime   



Answer Key: A
Question 28 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Some police departments are currently using portable, laptop, or notebook computers. Which of the following is a reason for this?

   

   A. a. It allows officers to e-mail the dispatcher if he/she cannot otherwise contact them.   
   

   B. b. It makes officers look more professional, thus increasing community support.   
    

   C. c. Officers can make clear and accurate reports at a crime scene.   
   

   D. d. It helps officers take statements from hearing-impaired persons.   



Answer Key: C
Question 29 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is best defined as "desired ends of our actions?"

   

   A. a. objectives   
   

   B. b. directives   
    

   C. c. goals   
   

   D. d. predictions   



Answer Key: C
Question 30 of 34   0.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is best defined as "our calculations of what is likely to happen under given circumstances?"

    

   A. a. hypothesis   
   

   B. b. goals   
   

   C. c. aspirations   
   

   D. d. predictions   



Answer Key: D
Question 31 of 34   10.0/ 10.0 Points
What is prejudice? What is discrimination? What is their relationship to discretion?




Prejudice is unjustified and usually negative attitude towards members of a group; common features of prejudice are negative feelings, discrimination, stereotypes beliefs against members of a group. Some of the factors that involve prejudice attitudes are sex, race, age, sexual orientation, nationality, socioeconomic status and religion. While on the other hand discrimination doesn’t fall too far from the definition of prejudice.

Discriminations according to The Human Rights foundation occurs when a person is harassed or treated subjectively or differently because of their association or membership in a protected class; protected classes such as race, religion, gender, national origin, familial status, disability, age, sexual orientation and color.

According to Gaines, 2011, he states that race often has an effect on police officers behaviors and the way they respond to a call or how they treat the individual they are dealing with; some studies found that people of color are more likely to be treated more harshly by police officers than their white counterparts. Police officers often deal with a variety of situations and the majorities unfortunately are negative situations and many officers get scar from those types of experiences and often tend to discriminate against members of such group based on their previous experiences affecting the officer (s) discretion.

Cherry, K. (n.d.). Psychology.about.st eretyping. Retrieved May 2012, from Psychology steretyping : psychology.about.co m

Gaines, L. K. (2011). Policing in America, 7 ed. Waltham: Anderson.












Comment:    Good work! Prejudice is a reflection of one's values and attitudes that develop through the socialization process (Gaines & Kappeler, 234). In other words, we judge things or people based on what we think is right or normal in our own system of beliefs. Discrimination results when an officer acts overtly on the basis of their prejudices, and this overt act results in negative consequences for the person who was the object of the prejudice (Gaines & Kappeler, 234). An example of this would be someone who may have been brought up in a strict Catholic household and was taught that homosexuality was wrong and unnatural. This person or police officer comes into contact with a homosexual while on duty, and treats them negatively or doesn't do their best to help that individual, solely because of their beliefs about homosexuality. This relates to discretion, because officers may choose to overuse their discretion in situations they have prejudice or discrimination in. They may see the behavior of that group to be typical, so they choose not to interfere.
   

Question 32 of 34   10.0/ 10.0 Points
Describe the options available to a citizen who believes that his/her constitutional rights have been violated by a police officer. What issues are relevant?




Police officers have broad powers to carry out their police duties, and sometimes they over step their boundaries and violate individuals Constitutional rights such as the 1st, 4th [false arrestment], 5th and 6th, 14th [malicious prosecution-right to liberty]Amendments as well as the protection from police excessive use of force; the primary purpose of our Nations civil rights laws is to protect the civil rights laws is to protect citizens from abuses by government including police misconduct. One prime example of this would be the infamous case of Rodney King who was beating by several police officers in Los Angeles.

Section 1983 is the primary civil rights law victims of police misconduct rely upon. The law was originally passed as part of the Civil Rights Act of 1871. Section 1983 makes it unlawful for anyone acting under the authority of state law to deprive another person of his/her rights under the Constitution of federal law. The most common claims brought against police officers are false arrest, malicious prosecution, and the use of excessive and unreasonable force.

Civil rights are very important part of the legal system, providing a balance between the duty of law enforcement to uphold the laws, and the rights of individuals to be free from police misconduct. Cases against police officers can be very difficult to take to trial for an individual needs to prove and bring enough evidence that the police officers violated his/her civil rights and that the police officer was aware of such unconstitutional wrong doings.

Gaines, L. K. (2011). Policing in America, 7 ed. Waltham: Anderson.

Judicial Review/Legal Information Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2012, from Cornell University Law School:




Comment:    Excellent response! If an individual believes that their constitutional right has been violated they may file a case under a Section 1983 lawsuit. There are numerous issues that arise when the individual files the case. First the individual must identify the right that was violated. The right must be explicitly given in the constitution. If unable to establish that the right is in fact a constitutional right, but a violation did occur then the individual may file a civil action case against the state. When filing the Section 1983 suit most often the plaintiff attempts to fault the municipality and in doing so attempts to establish failure to train and a deliberate indifference standard. The individual must prove five different elements to the court. They must show that there was inadequate training on the officers part, the officers actions exceeded constitutional limits, the officers actions arose ins typical situations, training demonstrates a deliberate indifference, and that there is a causal link between training and the constitutional deprivation. Essentially the individual filing the suit needs to prove that the officer was acting under the color of law, and that the actions or guidelines used by the officer deliberately violates a constitutional right (Gaines, Kappeler 2008).
   

Question 33 of 34   10.0/ 10.0 Points
Describe how neighborhood watch programs fit into the concept of community policing, include a discussion of the effectiveness and problems associated with these programs.


Neighborhood watch programs are crime prevention programs or group of programs that teaches citizens how to help themselves by indentifying and reporting suspicious activity in their communities. These types of programs can be very successful if the individual citizens or the neighborhood residents take it serious and receive the training necessary to conduct and operate such program (s).

The type of training that police departments should focus and teach are as follow: Observation and awareness of their surroundings [surveillance] on what is normal and not normal around their neighborhoods, making sure they lock and secure their houses, automobiles which makes it harder for an individual to break in [access control]; teaching them how to evaluate suspicious behaviors, activities, and sounds, and how to properly report them and identifying people who belong and not belong in the neighborhood.

In order for all this to work police officers, police departments, and the citizens must build a relationship and trust each other in order for any program to work and be successful.

Gaines, L. K. (2011). Policing in America, 7 ed. Waltham: Anderson.

Judicial Review/Legal Information Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2012, from Cornell University Law School:



Comment:    Well done! Neighborhood watch programs fit into the concept of community policing in that they provide an outlet for police-community relations. They also provide a level of cohesiveness within the neighborhood, which is a form of short -term effectiveness. However long term the effectiveness tends to die down if there is no immediate threat to the public. Having the immediate threat usually causes the formation of the watches by some sensational criminal event. Due to this the watches face problems from start to finish. Once the major event dies down the group unravels and becomes disorganized. Meetings become infrequent and the information passed along is sporadic (Gaines, Kappeler 2008).
   

Question 34 of 34   10.0/ 10.0 Points
Discuss interdiction, prevention, and treatment programs as components of the national drug strategy. Include a discussion of the effectiveness of each strategy.


The Nations drug strategy is the way our Nation has declared war to drugs. The components are basic but yet they are complicated and they are: (1) preventing the use of drugs by educating and community action (2) by providing and making drug treatment programs and facilities more available to users (3) finally by deterring or disrupting the drug market in and outside the United States.

Interdiction, drug prevention and drug treatment are some of the basic programs or subjects that have been implemented to help the National strategy against drugs. Interdiction according to Gaines a program use to deter drug smuggling entering the United States, specially from countries such as Mexico, Columbia and Afghanistan .Some of the defenses our Nation has in place are special river patrols along the Mexican-USA boarders using specially trained Border Patrol Agents; using (ICE) Immigration and law enforcement agency in our Nations Airports, and many other federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies that are willing to fight against drugs.

Drug prevention programs are another key element in the fight against drugs; drug prevention strategies according to Gaines, 2011 are proper information dissemination, fear arousal, moral appeals. Gaines also mentions (D.A.R.E) Drug Abuse Resistance Education. Me personally and based on some of my researches the DARE program is known to be unsuccessful and in many cases the program is counterproductive. In order to help our youth and fight drugs, our children need to have good positive role models and the proper amount of positive influence which will help guide and deter him/her from the use of drugs.

Drug treatment programs some are successful while others are not, and unfortunately not all individuals can afford the privately run available treatments and many often get treated after they commit a crime and are incarcerated. Incarceration along doesn’t prevent or deter the future use of illicit drugs. Our Nation needs to implement treatment facilities or treatment programs within our Nation’s prisons which will help inmates become drug free individuals and have a fighting chance after their incarceration.

Gaines, L. K. (2011). Policing in America, 7 ed. Waltham: Anderson.

Judicial Review/Legal Information Institute. (n.d.). Retrieved May 2012, from Cornell University Law School:

Comment:    Great job!!! The nation’s drug strategy is a three- pronged attempt to attack the drug problems facing America. The strategy involves using interdiction, prevention, and treatment to battle the offenders. Interdiction involves programs that deter drug smuggling. The main focus as of late has been on smuggling from Columbia and Mexico due to the majority of cocaine stemming from Columbia and Mexico being a major transshipment point. The main goals of interdiction are to increase the amount of personal financial risk to the supplier, reduce the quality of the drugs, and increase the cost of drugs to limit the potential consumer. As of late interdiction methods have had little effect on the amount of drugs or the market value of drugs. It seems that every arrest made simply opens the door and removes competition for other smugglers. Historically prevention programs rest on the basis that most individuals experiment and initially use drugs due to a lack of knowledge on the severity and consequences of use. However today it is becoming more commonplace and socially acceptable for some. Prevention programs however still rely on education such as information dissemination, fear arousal, moral appeals, and effective education. The goal of drug education is to reduce the desire and therefore the demand for drugs. Most people however describe drug education programs as failures because there is very little evidence to suggest any effect on the usage of drugs. The third part of the national strategy is treatment programs, and unfortunately they get neglected. There are few federal resources for drug treatment. There are various forms of treatment. Some rely on therapeutic treatment and other use counseling and support programs. A more popular program today is the drug court. Under this the individual basically has the decision to be incarcerated or undergo treatment. It was found that offenders who underwent drug court re-offended at a rate of 16.4 percent while offenders who did not go through drug court re-offended at a rate of 43.5 percent. Ultimately it is hard to completely cure addicts and the basis of the effectiveness should be judged on improvements by the individual or by remissions (Gaines, Kappeler 2008).
   


Post Merge: A year ago

POST AVOBE IS FOR CMRJ 302 FINAL
Post Merge: A year ago

Question 1 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points   CMRJ 302 MIDTERM
Which of the following most accurately describes the results of the Kansas City Patrol

   

   A. a. Citizens were very aware that their patrol levels had been altered.   
   

   B. b. Citizen fear of crime, and victimization, decreased in the areas of increased patrol.   
   

   C. c. Citizen fear of crime, and victimization, increased in the areas of decreased patrol.   
    

   D. d. Citizen fear of crime, and victimization, showed no significant differences.   



Answer Key: D
Question 2 of 34   2.0/ 2.0 Points
Which of the following is part of the environmental force that impacts policing?

   

   A. a. legal issues   
   

   B. b. political issues   
   

   C. c. economic issues   
    

   D. d. all of the above   



Answer Key: D



Last Edit: A year ago by gallos79 Report this PostReport Abuse
Reply# 7
Posts: 6
Points: 58
Rep:  +0   -0

A year ago

can you please post the full CRMJ 302 mid term. Thanks



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Reply# 8
Jacay6
Guest
A year ago

CJ411: Drugs and Alcohol in the Criminal Justice System  midtern for unit 5 in CJ411



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