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1. Changes controlled by a genetic blueprint, such as an increase in height or the size of the brain, are examples of ___________________ .
a) maturation                                                 c) habituation
b) learning                                                     d) growth cycles

2. Pavlov placed meat powder in the mouths of dogs, and they began to salivate. The food acted as a (an)
____________.
a) unconditioned response                             c) conditioned response
b) unconditioned stimulus                             d) conditioned stimulus

3. What was the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) in the case of Little Albert?
a) a rat                                                              c) a high chair 
b) a loud noise                                                  d) a small enclosed space

4. Thorndike was known for his work with ______.
a) a Skinner box                                             c) modeling
b) a puzzle box                                              d) monkeys
   
5. Under what circumstances will a reinforcer make the target response more likely to occur again?
a) if it is a primary reinforcer 
b) if it is a positive reinforcer
c) if it is a negative reinforcer
d) regardless of whether it is a positive or negative reinforcer, a reinforcer makes a response more likely to occur.

6. What has occurred when there is a decrease in the likelihood or rate of a target response?
a) punishment                                                    c) negative reinforcement
b) positive reinforcement                                  d) positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement

7. When Keller and Marian Breland, two psychologists who became animal trainers, decided that it would be cute to have a pig drop a big wooden coin into a box, they found that _______________.
a) food was not an effective reinforcer for the pig and so learning didn’t occur
b) when given edible roots as reinforcers, the pig learned the task in less than ten trials
c) the pig displayed instinctive drift by dropping the coin and pushing it around with its nose.
d) the pig showed intrinsic interest in the task and so reinforcement was unnecessary

8. Learning that occurs but is not immediately reflected in a behavior change is called ______.
a) insight                                                                           c) vicarious learning
b) innate learning                                                              d) latent learning

9. The “aha!” experience is known as ________________.
a) latent learning                c) thoughtful learning
b) insight learning             d) serial enumeration

10. Cheryl is trying to teach her son to do the laundry by watching her. According to observational learning theory, to be effective what must occur?
a) Her son must always model the behavior immediately.
b) Her son must be motivated to learn how to do the laundry.
c) Her son must be able to complete other tasks while watching her.
d) Cheryl must show her son how to do the laundry while she is making dinner.
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Here are the answers:

1.      a      Explanation: Alterations due to a genetic blueprint would be examples of maturation.

2.      b      Explanation: The food acted as an unconditioned stimulus that automatically evoked the
conditioned response.  Food automatically causes one to salivate.

3.      b      Explanation: The UCS was a loud noise because it automatically evoked a fear response.

4.      b      Explanation: Thorndike was known for his work with a puzzle box.

5.      d      Explanation: Any reinforcer makes the target response more likely to occur again
regardless of whether it is a positive or negative reinforcer.

6.      a      Explanation: Punishment is defined as a stimulus that causes a decrease in the likelihood
of a behavior.

7.      c      Explanation: Despite Skinner’s views, the pig had some built-in behaviors that came to
the fore—the principle of instinctive drift.

8.      d      Explanation: Since the learning was not observable, it was deemed to be latent.

9.      b      Explanation: The “aha!” experience is known as insight learning.

10.     b      Explanation: Bandura determined that motivation was necessary in order for
observational learning to occur.
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ppk
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4 years ago
Thank you! I'm gonna mark this as solved Happy
Ashanti
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4 years ago
Thank you this was very helpful. I was wondering if there was a way to find the whole test for that chapter?
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4 years ago
Thank you this was very helpful. I was wondering if there was a way to find the whole test for that chapter?

For psychology?
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