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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
2 years ago
Please I need help with CRMJ 302 & 201 mid term and final,
Post Merge: 2 years ago

Pls I need CRMJ 302 Mid Term


Last Edit: 2 years ago by rosan002 Report this PostReport Abuse
Reply# 29 Quote
Posts: 65
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
2 years ago

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midwestmama
 
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   Amu apu lstd 204   Best Answer 
Yesterday
I am putting the right answers as it is too much to copy and paste and format. I just finished this class:

1 Recuse
2 B
3 C
4 C
5 A
6 3
7 B
8 B
9 Chain Of Custody
10 False
11 Fact
12 B
13 Gag Orders
14 A
15 Affirmative Defenses
16 False
17 C
18 Oklahoma City Bombing
19 C
20 Discretionary Appeal
21 Innocence Network
22 Eyewitness Misidentification
23 D
24 True
25 A
26 Neglect
27 True
28 False
29
Jury selection is the process by which jurors are selected for a trial by jury case to be held in a court. There are three main steps in the jury selection process. The transition between the steps is not always clear because many times the steps overlap. The process differs slightly from country to country and sometimes from judge to judge. However, many of the basic principles that surround the procedure are similar, if not the same.




Jury selection in most countries starts with voir dire, which is the formal questioning of potential members of the jury after they have filled out a juror questionnaire. Lawyers on both sides of a case are allowed to ask a set of questions to each prospective juror, which will give them insight into where biases of the potential juror may be. A lawyer's ultimate goal during the jury selection process is to have jurors who are impartial and unbiased. Many lawyers strive to seat jurors who are sympathetic to their cause.




The final two parts of the jury selection process may come during or after voir dire. First, the prosecution or defense lawyer may challenge any of the potential jurors that they feel should not sit on the jury for a specific reason. For example, if the defendant is accused of rape, the defense attorney may not want a juror who has been raped because she may be biased and never find the defendant not guilty.


30

There are several major causes of wrongful convictions that include Snitch Testimony, Poor Defense Lawyering, False Confession, Eyewitness Misidentification, Unvalidated Forensic Science and Police and Prosecutorial Misconduct.




In Snitch Testimony an informant or snitch testified against the defendant in over 15 percent of convictions later overturned using DNA evidence. Snitches often have incentives to lie on the stand in order to escape prosecution themselves or to receive shorter sentences. Snitch testimony is especially dangerous when such incentives are not disclosed to the jury. It is important to regulate the use of incentivized informants as to minimize the likelihood that these traditionally unreliable witnesses mislead judges and juries.

In Poor Defense Lawyering defendants are guaranteed a right to counsel but an ineffective defense attorney can lead to the wrongful conviction of a factually innocence person. Inadequate defense lawyering can include the overall failure to prepare for trial, and more specifically, the failure to investigate the crime and the defendant's alibi, the failure to investigate identification procedures, the failure to challenge witnesses and experts, or the failure to come to court for hearings or even sleeping during trial. While poor defense lawyering is sometimes the result of lack of effort or incompetence, it can also be the result of an extremely overworked defense attorney.

 

In False confessions, exoneration cases in the United States have demonstrated that innocent individuals have confessed to crimes they did not commit. Innocent defendants have made incriminating statements, confessed or plead guilty in approximately 25 percent of DNA exonerations in the United States. Multiple factors can contribute to false confessions, including those affecting the psychology of a suspect (e.g., mental illness, intoxication, and age) and the use of coercive interrogation techniques (e.g., threats or promises of leniency). False confessions usually follow a suspect's decision during an interrogation that confessing is somehow more beneficial to him than maintaining his innocence. Electronic recording of interrogations reduces the risk of false confessions and increases the reliability of confession evidence.

 

Eyewitness misidentification is the leading cause of wrongful convictions in the United States. Over 75 percent of DNA exoneration cases have involved convictions based, at least in part, on mistaken identification evidence. A variety of factors can affect the reliability of an identification, including the circumstances of the witnessed event, individual characteristics of the witness, and the methods used by investigators to obtain the identification. Scientific research has shown that the risk of misidentification can be reduced by using specific identification procedures, such as double-blind, sequential lineups.

 

Although forensic science can be a useful tool, many forensic disciplines apply techniques and methods that have not been scientifically validated. Unvalidated forensic science, such as hair and fiber comparison and bite-mark analysis, has played a role in over 50 percent of convictions later overturned by the use of DNA evidence. Forensic testimony sometimes goes beyond what can be properly inferred from the results of scientific testing. There need to be standards for including forensic testimony at trial.

In Police and Prosecutorial Misconduct, while most prosecutors and law enforcement officials are honest and have the best intentions to protect society, the pressure to secure a conviction at times may lead police and prosecutors  to act in an inappropriate, unfair, or unlawful manner. This government misconduct can include withholding or fabricating evidence, coercive interrogations by investigators, or suggestive methods used by police to obtain an identification. While police and prosecutorial misconduct is not prevalent in all wrongful convictions, these actions are more likely in high profile cases with a great amount of press coverage.

 

An example of wrongfully convicted individuals cleared through the Innocence Project are, Larry and Calvin Ollins, Omar Saunders and Marcellius Bradford were convicted of the October 1986 kidnapping, rape, and murder of twenty-three year-old medical student Lori Roscetti in Chicago, Illinois. The four teenagers allegedly jumped into her car as she drove home late one night, took her to a secluded location, and proceeded to rape her, rob her, and beat her to death. In 1988, the two Ollins cousins and Saunders were each convicted of the crime and sentenced to life without the possibility of parole. Bradford pleaded guilty to aggravated kidnapping and was sentenced to twelve years in prison in exchange for testimony at Larry Ollins's trial. Murder, rape, and armed robbery charges against him were dropped. None of the teens were old enough to be eligible for the death penalty.



At trial, Bradford testified that the four teens abducted Roscetti and drove her to a remote location, where he and Saunders got out of the car to act as the lookouts while the two cousins assaulted her. When she tried to escape, according to Bradford, Larry Ollins crushed her head with a chunk of concrete, carried her back to the car, and he and Calvin raped her. A friend of Bradford's provided additional testimony, recounting a confession by Saunders with substantially similar facts. Bradford later recanted his statements, saying police coerced him into falsely confessing and that he did so to avoid a life sentence.



Crime lab analyst Pamela Fish testified that semen found on the victim's body could have belonged to the Ollinses, but a recent examination of her notes by a DNA expert showed that none of the four men's blood types matched the crime scene samples. Fish, whose testimony helped convict several innocent individuals in the Chicago area, has since been transferred to an administrative post.



In December 2001, the convictions against all four men were vacated and charges dropped, after DNA tests on spermatozoa and hairs found on Roscetti's body and in her car proved that none of the men were the assailants. Calvin and Larry Ollins, age twenty-nine and thirty-one respectively, and Omar Saunders, age thirty-two, were released from prison after spending more than fourteen years - nearly half their lives - incarcerated. Bradford was released after serving six and a half years of his sentence.

Post Merge: 2 years ago

Quiz #1 (due end of Week 2)
Return to Assessment List


Question 1 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
Our system is __________ because it pits the prosecution and the defense against each other in the pursuit of justice.  adversarial

Answer Key: adversarial
Question 2 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
Any action that violates a statute duly enacted by the proper public authority.

A. Civil action   
   

B. Crime   

C. Precedent   

D. Forfeiture   


Answer Key: B
Question 3 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
The earliest known example of a formal written legal code was the Twelve Tables.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 4 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
A __________ __________ judge is one who sees his or her role as more than interpreting the Constitution or laws. They avoid precedent and hand down decisions with sweeping implications for the future.  judicial activism

Answer Key: judicially active
Comment:   You got full credit.
Question 5 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
Congressional efforts to tinker with court jurisdiction have become so prevalent in recent years that a term has been assigned to the practice.

A. Court-tinkering   

B. Stacking the courts   

C. Overlapping the courts   
   

D. Court-stripping   


Answer Key: D
Question 6 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
In theory, the President could add more justices to the Supreme Court since the Constitution does not explicitly dictate the number of Supreme Court justices.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 7 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
The __________ __________ of __________ effectively created two sets of lower federal courts, beneath the Supreme Court.  Judiciary Act of 1789

Answer Key: Judiciary Act of 1789
Question 8 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
Under Chief Justice Marshall, a decision was issued on the famous case of __________, where the Court asserted its authority to overrule acts of Congress - and decisions by the executive - that run counter to the Constitution.

A. Hopwood v Texas   

B. Miranda v Arizona   

C. Moore v Illinois   
   

D. Marbury v Madison   


Answer Key: D
Question 9 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
Oral arguments are always held in appellate courts.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 10 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
The U.S, Court of International Trade and the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court are collectively known as __________ __________ __________.  Article III courts

Answer Key: Article III Courts
Question 11 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
Appeals from limited jurisdiction courts usually go before the general jurisdiction courts as a new trial, known as a:
   

A. Trial de novo   

B. Caseflow management   

C. En banc trial   

D. Jury trial   


Answer Key: A
Question 12 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
California's __________ __________ law provides that a defendant convicted of a felony must receive an indeterminate life imprisonment sentence if he or she has previously been convicted of two or more serious or violent felonies.  three strikes

Answer Key: three strikes
Question 13 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
The term used to describe the sharing of judicial power between the states and the federal government.
   

A. Judicial federalism   

B. Judicial collaboration   

C. Judicial leverage   

D. Judicial synergism   


Answer Key: A
Question 14 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
After the American Revolution, state courts came under the control of legislatures, which eliminated the issues of corruption and favoritism.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 15 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
This allows juvenile court judges to commit a juvenile to a correctional facility beyond the age of 18.

A. Blended sentence   

B. Reverse waiver   
   

C. Extended jurisdiction   

D. Concurrent jurisdiction   


Answer Key: C
Question 16 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
The regulation of themed content in __________ __________ is a hot topic for debate. Many claim they highlight violence and sex.  video games

Answer Key: video games
Question 17 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
In Breed v. Jones, the Supreme Court found that a judge's order to prohibit publication of a juvenile offender's name and picture abridged the freedom of the press and was therefore in violation of the First Amendment.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 18 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
Having a dedicated __________ court is advantageous because it requires that judges have specialized knowledge concerning these offenses, that coordination between the court and other stakeholder agencies occur, and that victim satisfaction is improved.

A. Gun   
   

B. Sex offense   

C. Mental health   

D. Drug   


Answer Key: B
Question 19 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
The __________ __________ __________ Act was passed in 1994 and provided funding to states and local communities in the name of combating domestic violence and all its variations.  Violence against Women

Answer Key: Violence Against Women
Question 20 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
Perhaps the most significant predictor of future specialized court success is that they need to be viewed the same as traditional courts.
   
 True
 False



Answer Key: False
Post Merge: Aug 17, 2012






Quiz #2 (due end of week 6)
Return to Assessment List

Question 1 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
Federal judges must have graduated from an accredited law school and have passed the bar in at least one state.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 2 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
Political scientists have used the phrase __________ to refer to unanimity in appellate court decisions - unanimity that occurs out of concern over strengthening the authority of the court.
   

A. unanimous judicial agreement   

B. rule of accord   

C. norm of consensus   

D. standard of compromise   


Answer Key: C
Question 3 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
Federal judicial candidates names are sent to the __________ __________ Committee, which conducts its own investigation of the candidate's suitability of his or her nominated post.  ABA Standing

Answer Key: Senate Judiciary
Question 4 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
__________ attaches when 1) prosecutors act as administrators or investigators and 2) make reasonable mistakes.
   

A. Absolute immunity   

B. Uncontested immunity   

C. Relative immunity   

D. Qualified immunity   


Answer Key: D
Question 5 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
__________ __________ for prosecutors include disclosure of exculpatory evidence, conflicts of interest and talking to the press.  Legal Ethics

Answer Key: Ethical dilemmas
Comment:   You got full credit.
Question 6 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
This case highlighted the need for prosecutorial accountability when the prosecutor in the Duke University lacrosse rape case was disbarred after being found guilty of fraud, dishonesty, deceit, and making false statements, and others.

A. Gideon v. Wainwright   

B. Argersinger v. Hamlin   
   

C. The North Carolina State Bar v. Michael B. Nifong   

D. Blackledge v. Perry   


Answer Key: C
Question 7 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
The Solicitor General supervises the preparation of the government's Supreme Court briefs, petitions, and other legal documents.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 8 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
With __________ __________ one attorney should represent the defendant from a case's beginning to end. It may be necessary to have a new attorney come appeal time, but this individual should also represent the defendant through all steps of the appellate phase.  Limited jurisdiction courts

Answer Key: vertical representation
Question 9 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
Peter Nardulli referred to defense attorneys whose main concern was securing a guilty plea as a "__________ __________."   

Answer Key: cop-out artist
Question 10 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
In __________, a defense attorney was able to stop the Bush administration from trying a Guantanamo Bay detainee before a military commission.
   

A. Hamdan v. Rumsfeld   

B. People v. Johnson   

C. Gideon v. Wainwright   

D. State v. Olwell   


Answer Key: A
Question 11 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
In __________, the Court extended the right to counsel to misdemeanor cases.

A. Argersinger v. Hamlin   

B. Betts v. Brady   

C. Gideon v. Wainwright   
   

D. There is no right to counsel in misdemeanor cases   


Answer Key: A
Question 12 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
Most rape and sexual assault victims and offenders know one another.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 13 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
The defendant's competency is usually considered in a separate pretrial hearing. This was the rule announced in __________.

A. Pate v. Robinson   

B. Godinez v. Moran   

C. McMann v. Richardson   
   

D. Powell v. Alabama   


Answer Key: A
Question 14 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
In __________, the Supreme Court considered the constitutionality of a state law that permitted the placement of a large opaque screen between the defendant and two young girls who testified that he sexually assaulted them.

A. White v. Illinois   

B. Bell v. Cone   

C. Maryland v. Craig   
   

D. Coy v. Iowa   


Answer Key: D
Question 15 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
A plea of __________ __________ means "I do not desire to contest the action."  Nolo contendere

Answer Key: nolo contendere
Question 16 of 20    5.0/ 5.0 Points
A(n) __________ is a formal, written accusation submitted to the court by a grand jury, alleging that a specified person(s) has committed a specified offense(s), usually a felony.
   

A. Indictment   

B. information   

C. conviction bill   

D. grant of immunity   


Answer Key: A
Question 17 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
Preventive detention is a mechanism for continued detention, in contrast to bail or release on recognizance.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 18 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
The decision from __________ continues to hold great importance. Today it serves to protect even the lowest-level offender from corrupt or manipulative practices by over-zealous prosecutors.

A. Edwards v. People   
   

B. Brady v. United States   

C. United States v. Goodwin   

D. Santobello v. New York   


Answer Key: D
Question 19 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
The Supreme Court has declared that the prosecutor cannot bargain directly with the defendant unless counsel has been waived.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 20 of 20    0.0/ 5.0 Points
An example of a __________ __________ __________ is a New York law stating that an order denying a motion to suppress evidence alleged to have been obtained as a result of unlawful search and seizure "may be reviewed on appeal from a judgment of conviction notwithstanding the fact that such judgment of conviction is predicated upon a plea of guilty."  motion to suppress evidence

Answer Key: conditional guilty plea
Post Merge: Aug 17, 2012







MIDTERM (due end of week 4)
Return to Assessment List

Question 1 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
__________ due process is concerned with protecting people's life, liberty, and property rights.
   

A. Substantive   

B. Preventative   

C. Procedural   

D. Secondary   


Answer Key: A
Question 2 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
Courts help to reinforce __________ __________, informal and often unspoken rules concerning standards of behavior.  social norms

Answer Key: social norms
Question 3 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
The philosophy of limiting decisions to the facts of each case, deciding only the issue or issues that need to be resolved in a particular situation.

A. Court-stripping   

B. Indirect control   

C. Judicial discretion   
   

D. Judicial restraint.   


Answer Key: D
Question 4 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
Shortly after Franklin Roosevelt was elected to the presidency in 1936 he unleashed a proposal called the __________ __________ __________ of 1937 with the intent to "stack" the Supreme Court in order to uphold important New Deal measures.  Judiciary Reorganization

Answer Key: Judiciary Reorganization Bill
Comment:   You got full credit.
Question 5 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
__________ __________ petitions are efforts on the part of prisoners to challenge the constitutionality of their confinement.  Habeas Corpus

Answer Key: Habeas Corpus
Question 6 of 30    0.0/ 2.5 Points
Judicial review is a power explicitly referenced in Article III.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 7 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
Justice of the Peace Courts have jurisdiction over __________ matters.

A. family   

B. probate   
   

C. misdemeanor criminal   

D. felony criminal.   


Answer Key: C
Question 8 of 30    0.0/ 2.5 Points
Magistrate courts are capable of holding jury and non-jury trials.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 9 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
The juvenile court process proceeds through four main steps: intake, arrest, prosecution, and incarceration (or rehabilitation).
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 10 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
Some states attempt to follow a "__________" approach of emphasizing public safety, individual accountability, and offenders' services.

A. Juvenile Court Reorganization   

B. Legislative Guide for Drafting Family and Juvenile Courts   
   

C. Balanced and Restorative Justice   

D. d.   Standard Juvenile Court Act   


Answer Key: C
Question 11 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
In __________, the defendant argued that the period between his plea and actual imposition of his sentence amounted to a period of "interim probation," that he was "sentenced" before actually receiving is sentence.

A. Kent v. US   

B. State v. Alexander   

C. Sanford v. Kentucky   
   

D. People v. Avery   


Answer Key: D
Question 12 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
__________ __________ link offenders with social service agencies to assist them with other problems that may be compelling their criminal conduct.  alternative courts

Answer Key: Alternative courts
Question 13 of 30    0.0/ 2.5 Points
Early critics of legal education in America argued that:
   

A. It needed to be practical   

B. Practical legal education would not be academically respectable   

C. Academically respectable legal education would be professionally unprofitable   

D. All of the above   

E. None of the above   


Answer Key: D
Question 14 of 30    0.0/ 2.5 Points
Uniformity of legal education:

A. Reduces the cost of legal education   

B. Increases the predictability of the law   

C. Provides support for the accreditation process   

D. All of the above   
   

E. None of the above   


Answer Key: B
Question 15 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
The stratification of legal education:
   

A. Is based on perceived prestige rankings   

B. Has only limited effect on the practice of law   

C. Is supported by the Birchfield system   

D. All of the above   

E. None of the above   


Answer Key: A
Question 16 of 30    0.0/ 2.5 Points
Proponents of Critical Legal Studies:

A. support changes that will enhance the case method of legal education   

B. believe that law can best be understood in terms of science   

C. argue that law is the tool of a specific political ideology   

D. are critical of the liberal decisions of the Supreme Court   
   

E. none of the above   


Answer Key: C
Question 17 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
The Law and Economic movement:

A. is at the opposite end of the political spectrum from Critical Legal Studies   

B. is sometimes referred to as the "Chicago School"   

C. emphasizes the economic effect of legal decisions   
   

D. all of the above   

E. none of the above   


Answer Key: D
Question 18 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
Most colonial lawyers were trained at the Inns of Court.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 19 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
Until Langdell was appointed at Harvard, legal education did not require an undergraduate degree.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 20 of 30    0.0/ 2.5 Points
First-year law school courses are virtually the same at all law schools.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 21 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
The "diploma privilege":

A. refers to the need for a law degree in order to take the bar exam   

B. was supported by the American Bar Association   

C. makes it more difficult to practice law   

D. all of the above   
   

E. none of the above   


Answer Key: E
Question 22 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
An integrated bar:

A. accepts members of all races   
   

B. resembles a closed shop   

C. evolved out of changes at Harvard Law School   

D. weakens the power of bar associations   

E. none of the above   


Answer Key: B
Question 23 of 30    0.0/ 2.5 Points
Throughout much of its history, the American Bar Association:

A. supported greater minority involvement in the practice of law   

B. supported the diploma privilege   

C. advocated improvements in night law school education   
   

D. all of the above   

E. none of the above   


Answer Key: E
Question 24 of 30    0.0/ 2.5 Points
Standards for admission to the bar are:

A. regulated by each state   
   

B. set by the American Bar Association   

C. regulated by the National Legal Regulatory Commission   

D. determined by the Association of American Law Schools   

E. none of the above   


Answer Key: A
Question 25 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
Accreditation of law schools is the responsibility of the American Association of Law Schools.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 26 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
The prestige of an attorney is determined by his or her income.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 27 of 30    0.0/ 2.5 Points
Corporate attorneys usually represent their employers in cases that must be litigated.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 28 of 30    2.5/ 2.5 Points
Attorneys with the highest income are often found in Stratum III.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 29 of 30    13.0/ 15.0 Points
Discuss the difference between the philosophies of judicial restraint and judicial activism. Please give me a few paragraphs on your essays!

Judicial activism is the view that the Supreme Court and other judges can and should creatively (re)interpret the texts of the Constitution and the laws in order to serve the judges' own visions regarding the needs of contemporary society. Judicial activism believes that judges assume a role as independent policy makers or independent "trustees" on behalf of society that goes beyond their traditional role as interpreters of the Constitution and laws. The concept of judicial activism is the polar opposite of judicial restraint.



Judicial restraint refers to the doctrine that judges' own philosophies or policy preferences should not be injected into the law and should whenever reasonably possible construe the law so as to avoid second guessing the policy decisions made by other governmental institutions such as Congress, the President and state legislatures. This view is based on the concept that judges have no popular mandate to act as policy makers and should defer to the decisions of the elected "political" branches of the Federal government and of the states in matters of policy making so long as these policymakers stay within the limits of their powers as defined by the US Constitution and the constitutions of the several states.

Comment:   You were very brief in this essay - more detail would have been better. For example, you could also have discussed a case that gives an example of judicial activism, and one that gives an example of judicial restraint. This would have shown that you have more than a very basic understanding of these two important philosophies.
Question 30 of 30    14.0/ 15.0 Points
Explain the development of lawyers in the Cravath system from law school interns to partners. Define billable hours. How do they play a part in the development process?

The Cravath System is a hiring practice that was developed at Cravath, Swaine & Moore in the 19th century. They wanted a student that was no less than an "B" student in law school. They also had to be apart of Phi Beta Kappa, or Beta Gamma Sigma while they were attending law school. They mainly only wanted students fresh out of school, with no prior job since finishing school. They wanted to "mold" them into how they thought they should be. Associates would be normally be assigned to a certain partner for around 18 months and they would teach them how break down large task into smaller tasks. They had to work their self "up" in the law firm to become a possible partner.

As for billable hours, at first associates were paid nothing except what they brought in their self. By 1910, the Cravath firm was one of the first to hire incoming lawyers on a salary. Since they preferred to hire the best, this led to wide disparities in starting salaries.

This hurt the development process because since they only hired the best around, nobody else knew what to start their attorney's at because there was no other "reasonable" pay they could base it off. The Cravath system was great for "high end attorney's", but it hurt the other attorney's that attended Tier 2-4 law schools in the early tears. Now a good amount of attorney's that practice on their own can sometimes make more money than the "big shot attorney's" that are in large firms.

Comment:   Very good essay, but for one problem - you did not cite any sources, and that costs you. You do seem to have a good basic understanding of this system of developing young attorneys.

Post Merge: Aug 17, 2012
I posted both quiz's and the mid-term. I haven't done the final yet, I'm looking for it as well. =)

Post Merge: 2 years ago

I went back and labeled them THIS IS FOR LTSD 204


Last Edit: 2 years ago by crystalsimpki Report this PostReport Abuse
Reply# 30 Quote
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
2 years ago
mommy looks like you farther a long than me but do you have anything for cmrj 316??? I can help u if you think i can


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Reply# 31 Quote
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
2 years ago
I can use CMRJ306 exam 3 please.


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Reply# 32 Quote
lYDIA
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
2 years ago
I can use CMRJ306 exam 3 please.
WILL YOU POST THEM PLEASE TO HELP ME OUT


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Reply# 33 Quote
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
2 years ago
I really need cmrj 316 badly and i have every class before that done we can trade


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Reply# 34 Quote
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
2 years ago
Did you anything on CRMJ 302, if so could you please post it.


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Reply# 35 Quote
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
2 years ago
Hey. You are really a life saver! I have been looking for info on cmrj306. Your the best! Thanks


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Reply# 36 Quote
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
2 years ago
Thank you very much for the information!


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Reply# 37 Quote
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
2 years ago
MOM of 2 do you still have the final for lstd 400? If so can I please have it. I would greatly appreciate it. Please


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Reply# 38 Quote
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
A year ago
Thank you


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Reply# 39 Quote
Miltoni
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
A year ago
I need CMRJ306 quiz 4 and final exam


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Reply# 40 Quote
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
A year ago
I am also looking for the same information, thanks!


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Reply# 41 Quote
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I have everything for CMRJ306, looking for final for LSTD204 Intro to Courts
A year ago
I have everything for LSTD301 if you still need it.  And I am in need of CMRJ306 and CMRJ329. Can you help me with those? What other classes are you taking? I have taken quite a few classes and will gladley send you what you need.


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