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Does anyone have the midterm to LSTD303?
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Lawstudent84
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Seeking a more comfortable homework help environment? Homework Clinic
Does anyone have the LSTD 303 Midterm?  Grin

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Does anyone have the midterm to LSTD303?
Oct 23, 2012

I do....I am looking for the final..Does anyone have that??
Post Merge: Oct 23, 2012






Question 1 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

 





A contested divorce action is commenced by serving the opposing spouse with a legal
document called a(n) petition .

Answer Key: Complaint
 






Question 2 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

 





A court award of periodic maintenance to an unmarried person who was formerly in a
cohabitative relationship is known as Permanent Alimony .

Answer Key: palimony
 






Question 3 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Married women could not own property in their own names until the Feminist
Revolution of the 1970s.





 








 








A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: False
 






Question 4 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Reasons for the growth of the divorce rate until the 1980’s may include:





 





 

A. The growing financial independence of women.
 







B. A more equitable distribution of marital property and debt.
 





C. Fault grounds.
 







D. Arbitrary child support awards.
 




Answer Key: A, B, D
 






Question 5 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

The husband assumed the role of “off-site” breadwinner in:





 





 








A. The industrial revolution.
 












B. An agrarian society.
 












C. The 1970’s women’s movement.
 












D. Feudal society.
 





Answer Key: A
 






Question 6 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Paralegals may sign legal documents which they prepare.





 











 





A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: False
 






Question 7 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

If a paralegal violates an ethical rule, the supervising attorney will not be held accountable.





 











 





A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: False
 






Question 8 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Potential conflicts of interest include:





 





A. representing a client who has had a will prepared by the firm.
 







B. representing both parties in a divorce.
 







C. having an intimate relationship with a client.
 







D. having previously represented the opposing party.
 




Answer Key: B, C, D
 






Question 9 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

A common law marriage is created with a license and ceremony.





 











 





A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: False
 






Question 10 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Marriage is considered a fundamental right in the Constitution under the Tenth Amendment.





 











 





A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: False
 






Question 11 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

A civil marriage is a legal status created by a state.





 








 








A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: True
 






Question 12 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

The general requirements for a valid common law marriage are:





 









 


A. the parties must live together for a significant amount of time.
 












B. the parties “hold out” as husband and wife.
 












C. the parties intend to be married.
 














D. All of the above.
 





Answer Key: D
 






Question 13 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

All of the following may be a requirement for creating a valid marriage in most jurisdictions except:





 





 








A. income
 












B. age
 












C. blood test
 












D. marriage license
 





Answer Key: A
 






Question 14 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

The following are all processes in which can be an alternative to a divorce except:





 









 


A. Family Counseling
 












B. Mediation
 












C. Collaborative Lawyering
 














D. Trial
 





Answer Key: D
 






Question 15 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

If a U.S. citizen agrees to marry a noncitizen in exchange for monetary compensation, it is known as:





 









 


A. Civil Union
 












B. Void Marriage
 












C. Annulment
 














D. Sham Marriage
 





Answer Key: D
 






Question 16 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Legal separations in most jurisdictions are chosen for all of the following reasons except:





 









 


A. religious
 












B. medical insurance coverage
 














C. acquired a new job in a new location
 












D. financial
 





Answer Key: C
 






Question 17 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Premarital agreements were once considered void as against public policy.





 








 








A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: True
 






Question 18 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Premarital provisions as to the custody of future children are considered enforceable





 











 





A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: False
 






Question 19 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Some of the ways to distribute property after the end of a cohabitation are:





 





 

A. Palimony
 







B. Constructive trust
 







C. Quasi-contract
 





D. Implied partnership
 




Answer Key: A, C, D
 






Question 20 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

In a fault divorce state, the party seeking the divorce has to prove one of the stated grounds
for divorce or the court will not grant the divorce.





 








 








A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: True
 






Question 21 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Income considered available to determine a payor spouse’s ability to pay alimony is:





 









 


A. Gross
 














B. Net
 












C. Less taxes
 












D. Less allowable expenses, such as prior support orders
 





Answer Key: B
 






Question 22 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

‘Tenancy by the entirety’ is a form of ownership exclusive to married couples.





 








 








A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: True
 






Question 23 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Household furnishings are not considered marital assets.





 











 





A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: False
 






Question 24 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

The “tender years” standard has been replaced by the “best interest” standard.





 








 








A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: True
 






Question 25 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Since joint custody requires cooperation, both parents need to be equally
responsible for:





 





A. The child’s financial needs
 







B. The child’s emotional needs
 







C. The child’s educational needs
 







D. Decisions concerning the child’s health-related needs
 




Answer Key: A, B, C, D
 






Question 26 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

The Troxel test:





 





 

A. Cannot be applied to intact families
 







B. Uses a “clear and convincing evidence” standard
 





C. Requires a showing in all jurisdictions of a compelling state interest
 







D. May require a showing that denying grandparents visitation would
cause the child to suffer harm.
 




Answer Key: A, B, D
 






Question 27 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

 





Best Interest of the child is the standard for making a child custody decision.

Answer Key: The best interest of the child
 






Question 28 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Some of the factors used in determining child custody include:





 





 

A. Future cooperation in permitting visitation
 







B. The “psychological parent”
 







C. The parents’ and child’s wishes
 





D. Who is better situated to pay child support
 




Answer Key: A, B, C
 






Question 29 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

Marital debts are the liabilities incurred during marriage by either spouse for marital purposes.





 








 








A. True
 



B. False
 





Answer Key: True
 






Question 30 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

No-fault divorce grounds include:





 





A. Adultery
 







B. Irreconcilable differences
 





C. Incompatibility
 







D. Irretrievable breakdown of the marital relationship.
 




Answer Key: B, C, D
 






Question 31 of 33
 

2.9 Points
 

No-fault divorce grounds include:





 





A. Adultery
 







B. Irreconcilable differences
 





C. Incompatibility
 







D. Irretrievable breakdown of the marital relationship.
 




Answer Key: B, C, D
 






Question 32 of 33
 

5.05 Points
 

Explain the difference between a divorce and a legal separation.




Question 33 of 33
 

5.05 Points
 

In your opinion, do you believe that the issue of fault or wrongdoing by one spouse should be considered when awarding spousal support.



Last Edit: Oct 23, 2012 by sarahk815 Report this PostReport Abuse
Reply# 2
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Does anyone have the midterm to LSTD303?
Oct 23, 2012

I have the 303 final and midterm, do you have the final or mid for LSTD 210 or 300.



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Does anyone have the midterm to LSTD303?
Oct 23, 2012

No sorry, my first two calsses were 204 and 303, those are the only ones I have.  I take the final for 303 this week...sorry Sad



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Does anyone have the midterm to LSTD303?
Oct 23, 2012

Here is the final anyways. No essay questions I didn't do them.

Question 1 of 31    3.0 Points
When parents have joint custody, there is no need for a child support order.
Correct
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 2 of 31    3.0 Points
A criminal prosecution for non-support
   A. Is based upon a violation of criminal statutes    
Incorrect    B. Is the same as civil contempt    
   C. Requires no hearing    
Correct    D. Can result in probation instead of jail time if the arrearage is made up.    


Answer Key: A, D
Question 3 of 31    3.0 Points
Deviations from the statutory guidelines for child support:
Incorrect    A. Are routinely granted upon request
   
   B. May be passed upon the child’s extraordinary needs due to mental or physical problems    
Correct    C. May be requested to accommodate extraordinary expenses for visitation.    
   D. Will sometimes reflect the fact that, due to joint custody, the child is in both parents’ custody half the time.    


Answer Key: B, C, D
Question 4 of 31    3.0 Points
A paralegal may relay legal advice from the lawyer to the client.
Correct
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 5 of 31    3.0 Points
Releases are obtained from the client at the outset for:
Incorrect    
   A. malpractice liability    
   
   B. medical records    
   
   C. children’s school records    
   
   D. employer’s records    



Answer Key: D
Question 6 of 31    3.0 Points
The types of information the client takes away from the first interview includes:
   
   A. your status as paralegal.    
   
   B. an approximate timeline for the initial hearings.    
Correct    
   C. a list of documents the client will need to obtain.    
   
   D. the amount of alimony to expect.    



Answer Key: C
Question 7 of 31    3.0 Points
Petition and complaint are always just different names for the same pleading.
Incorrect
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 8 of 31    3.0 Points
A party seeking a divorce may bring a legal action to freeze the marital assets.
Correct
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 9 of 31    3.0 Points
In the defendant’s answer,
Correct    A. Each allegation in the complaint must be admitted or denied    
Correct    B. Affirmative defenses can be raised    
Incorrect    C. Witnesses must be identified    
Correct    D. The defendant may counterclaim for divorce on different grounds.    


Answer Key: A, B, D
Question 10 of 31    3.0 Points
A pendente lite motion may be filed by either the plaintiff spouse or the defendant spouse,
and is automatically granted by the court.
Correct
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 11 of 31    3.0 Points
Common pendente lite motions include:
   A. Use of a motor vehicle    
   B. Child custody and visitation    
Correct    C. Counsel fees    
Correct    D. Alimony    


Answer Key: A, B, C, D
Question 12 of 31    3.0 Points
After filing for divorce, there may be a statutory waiting period:
   
   A. Also known as a protective order    
Correct    
   B. Often referred to as a “cooling-off” period    
   
   C. When marital obligations completely cease in anticipation of the final outcome    
   
   D. When law firms put a case on the “back burner” and wait for the first hearing.    



Answer Key: B
Question 13 of 31    3.0 Points
Paralegals will draft:
   A. Interrogatories    
Correct    B. Requests for productions    
Incorrect    C. Depositions    
Correct    D. Requests for admissions    


Answer Key: A, B, D
Question 14 of 31    3.0 Points
IRS joint returns are privileged documents.
Incorrect
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 15 of 31    3.0 Points
A divorce trial may not go forward if one of the two parties fails to appear.
Incorrect
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 16 of 31    3.0 Points
Uncontested divorce matters still must be scheduled for hearing before the court.
Incorrect
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 17 of 31    3.0 Points
The mediator:
Incorrect    A. Must determine the award in the mediation and prepare the order    
Correct    B. May outline the terms of the settlement    
Correct    C. Is a third-party neutral    
   D. Can be one of the lawyers in the case.    


Answer Key: B, C
Question 18 of 31    3.0 Points
If a party waives alimony in a settlement agreement, absent fraud or duress, the party may
not go back to court to modify the alimony arrangement.
Correct
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 19 of 31    3.0 Points
Paralegals, acting under the supervision of the attorney, may
   A. Negotiate the terms of the agreement with a pro se opposing party    
   B. Negotiate the terms of the agreement with their counterpart at the opposing party’s firm    
Correct    C. Draft clauses that reflect the final agreement    
Correct    D. Research and confirm the rules requiring state-specific boilerplate    


Answer Key: C, D
Question 20 of 31    3.0 Points
Some good drafting suggestions include:
Correct    A. Preparing a schedule of assets to incorporate by reference    
Correct    B. Preparing a parenting plan to incorporate by reference    
   C. Avoiding “legalese” and using plain English.    
Correct    D. Including attorney signature lines and lines in headers or footers for each party’s
initials.    


Answer Key: A, B, C, D
Question 21 of 31    3.0 Points
A custodial parent may withhold visitation if the noncustodial parent fails to pay child
support.
Correct
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 22 of 31    3.0 Points
Family court may restrict a custodial parent from moving out of state with the child or
children.
Correct
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 23 of 31    3.0 Points
Parental kidnapping:
   
   A. Is an oxymoron    
   
   B. Was often the result of forum shopping by disgruntled non-custodial parents.    
   
   C. Was reduced by both the PKPA and the JCCJEA    
Incorrect    
   D. Can be terminated by the use of a writ of habeas corpus.    



Answer Key: C
Question 24 of 31    3.0 Points
If an alimony award needs to be changed,
Correct    A. It is necessary to determine what form of alimony was awarded.    
Correct    B. It must first be determined whether the court has continuing jurisdiction.    
   C. There will be no problem if there was an initial award made (no waiver).    
Incorrect    D. The change can eliminate arrearages from a previous order.    


Answer Key: A, B
Question 25 of 31    3.0 Points
The U.S. Constitution provides the integrity of the family unit absolute protection.
Incorrect
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 26 of 31    3.0 Points
The Court may terminate the parental rights of one parent without terminating the other
parent’s rights.
Correct
   
A. True
B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 27 of 31    3.0 Points
In parens patriae:
Correct    A. Is the state’s right to intervene in family matters.    
   B. May rely upon mandatory and voluntary reporters of child abuse.    
   C. Is the same as in loco parentis    
Correct    D. Manifests through a state’s child protection agency    


Answer Key: A, B, D
Question 28 of 31    3.0 Points
The primary goal of child protective services is, whenever it is possible, to:
Correct    A. Reunify the family safely    
Correct    B. Provide assistance to make a dangerous environment safe    
   C. Remove children if the parents require monetary assistance    
   D. Find new homes for disadvantaged children.    


Answer Key: A, B



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Does anyone have the midterm to LSTD303?
Oct 23, 2012

Here I found this:

Final Exam CMRJ300
Return to Assessment List
Part 1 of 1 -    99.90003 Points

Question 1 of 30    3.33 Points
Surveys may be used for descriptive, explanatory, and applied research.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 2 of 30    3.33 Points
National Crime Victimization Survey can be used to evaluate local crime prevention programs.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 3 of 30    3.33 Points
When dealing with sensitive issues it may be more effective to use a self administration questionnaire.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 4 of 30    3.33 Points
Telephone surveys are relatively fast and low cost.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 5 of 30    3.33 Points
Field research is often associated with qualitative techniques

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 6 of 30    3.33 Points
Many different options are available for gathering data in field research.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 7 of 30    3.33 Points
Validity is especially weak in field studies
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 8 of 30    3.33 Points
Qualitative field research is usually very reliable.
   
 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 9 of 30    3.33 Points
Content analysis involves the systematic study of agency records.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 10 of 30    3.33 Points
Data collected by other researchers is often used to address new research questions.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: True
Question 11 of 30    3.33 Points
Policy analysis focuses upon whether the intended result was produced.

 A. True
 B. False



Answer Key: False
Question 12 of 30    3.33 Points
Surveys are best suited for studies that have what as their units analysis?
   

A. Individuals   

B. Groups   

C. Organizations   

D. Social artifacts   


Answer Key: A
Question 13 of 30    3.33 Points
Inexperienced researchers tend to fear that their questionnaires will look _________.

A. Too short   

B. Too Complex   

C. Too long   
   

D. Too cluttered   


Answer Key: C
Question 14 of 30    3.33 Points
A mock Jury is an example of a ____________.

A. Open ended question   

B. Interviews   
   

C. Focus Group   

D. Survey designs   


Answer Key: C
Question 15 of 30    3.33 Points
Research involving which of the following groups would be most receptive to the use of unstructured interviews?
   

A. Criminals   

B. Police officers   

C. Judges   

D. Probation officers   


Answer Key: A
Question 16 of 30    3.33 Points
Which of the following is a serious consideration for researchers who adopt the role of complete participant when doing field research?

A. Generalizability   

B. Ethics   

C. Validity   
   

D. Reliability   


Answer Key: B
Question 17 of 30    3.33 Points
A great deal of criminal justice research uses data collected by state and local government agencies such as:

A. Police   

B. Courts   

C. Juvenile authorities   
   

D. All of the above   


Answer Key: D
Question 18 of 30    3.33 Points
Which of the following would be an appropriate target of content analysis?

A. Speeches   

B. Newscasts   

C. Constitution   
   

D. All of the above   


Answer Key: D
Question 19 of 30    3.33 Points
Which of the following is a type of program evaluation?

A. Exploratory studies   

B. Process evaluation   

C. Impact assessment   
   

D. B & C above   


Answer Key: D
Question 20 of 30    3.33 Points
Program goals present ____________.

A. Empirical indicators   
   

B. Desired outcomes   

C. Inputs   

D. Standards   


Answer Key: B
Question 21 of 30    3.33 Points
Program evaluation differs from policy analysis with respect to _______.

A. The time dimension within the policy process   

B. The Cost   

C. The Time   
   

D. The role of the stakeholder   


Answer Key: A
Question 22 of 30    3.33 Points
Measured of central tendency include all except____________.
   

A. Standard deviation   

B. Median   

C. Mean   

D. Mode   


Answer Key: A
Question 23 of 30    3.33 Points
Which of the following represent a continuous variable?

A. Gender   

B. Race   
   

C. Age   

D. Religious affiliation   


Answer Key: C
Question 24 of 30    3.33 Points
Which of the following would be an inappropriate manner to report findings on the variable gender?

A. Median   
   

B. Mode   

C. Raw numbers   

D. Percentages   


Answer Key: A
Question 25 of 30    3.33 Points
When calculating the mean, the researcher should use data measured at which level?

A. Normal   

B. Ordinal   

C. Interval   
   

D. Any of the above can be used   


Answer Key: C
Question 26 of 30    3.33 Points
Indentify the strength and weaknesses, in general, of survey research .

Surveys are particularly good for producing precise descriptions of mass populations. Surveys also allow for the collection of a great deal of data from a large number of people. On the negative side, surveys share with experiments the disadvantage of artificiality. There is always a risk that people's answers to questionnaire items may not reflect their true feelings or their subsequent actions. Surveys can also seem superficial, when compared with field research.

Question 27 of 30    3.33 Points
Describe the steps that would be necessary to gain access to a formal organization for the purpose of doing field research.

The researcher would have to submit a request and obtain an approval. Using the four step method is the best way to get this done. The first step would be to get a sponsor. The second step of this process would be sending a letter, the third step is would be calling the agency by phone and the last step is a meeting.

Question 28 of 30    3.33 Points
Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of secondary data and give an example of each.

Secondary data has become more important in research. Its cheaper to use and it is readily available. Some sources of secondary data that I would have access to is the Interuniversity Consortium for Political and Social Research and the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data. The advantages of secondary data is that its cheaper, faster and you may benefit from the work. The Disadvantages would be recurrent question validity, the data may not work for your research project and key variables may be operationalized different then what you need.

Question 29 of 30    3.33 Points
Identify the difference between randomized evaluation designs and quasi-experimental designs. Give an example of the appropriate use of each.

Randomization is a technique for assigning subjects to experimental groups and control groups. Suppose you want to see how well your class responds to certain teaching techniques, you can divide them into groups and take a sample of each group in the form of tests. Quasi-experimental design most but not all of the elements of an experiment. For example,the effect of maternal alcohol use when the mother is pregnant, we know that alcohol does harm embryos.

Question 30 of 30    3.33 Points
Explain in your own words the logic of statistical significance.

A research finding may be true without being important.



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Does anyone have the midterm to LSTD303?
Oct 23, 2012

Thanks, If you need any other LSTD I have most of the core courses finished.



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Does anyone have the midterm to LSTD303?
Oct 24, 2012

CMRJ 303 MIDTERM, ANOTHER VERSION

Question 1 of 34   2.0 Points
Which of the following is considered to be the earliest complete legal code in existence?

   

   A. The Roman Law of the Twelve Tables   
   

   B. Egyptian law   
   

   C. the Latin law of mala prohibita   
    

   D. the Babylonian Code of Hammurabi   



Answer Key: D
Question 2 of 34   2.0 Points
According to Emile Durkheim, an act can be considered criminal if it violates or offends the

   

   A. criminal law.   
   

   B. civil law.   
    

   C. collective conscience.   
   

   D. natural law.   



Answer Key: C
Question 3 of 34   2.0 Points
The term "criminal justice system" is

   

   A. a term coined in 1887.   
    

   B. relatively new.   
   

   C. a European term.   
   

   D. synonymous with the term "criminology."   



Answer Key: B
Question 4 of 34   2.0 Points
Criminal justice generally focuses on all of the following areas except

   

   A. the just treatment of offenders.   
   

   B. the needs of victims.   
    

   C. crime.   
   

   D. the effect of sentencing philosophy.   



Answer Key: C
Question 5 of 34   2.0 Points
_______________ allows scientists to test hypotheses about how two or more variables are related.

    

   A. experimentation   
   

   B. case study   
   

   C. surveys   
   

   D. nonparticipant observation   



Answer Key: A
Question 6 of 34   2.0 Points
To learn how the causes of crime vary at different ages, Alfred Blumstein and his colleagues suggest that criminologists study

   

   A. age.   
   

   B. gender.   
   

   C. socioeconomic status.   
    

   D. criminal careers.   



Answer Key: D
Question 7 of 34   2.0 Points
According to the UCR, the arrest ratio of males to females is

   

   A. 10 to 1   
    

   B. 3 to 1   
   

   C. 2 to 1   
   

   D. the same   



Answer Key: B
Question 8 of 34   2.0 Points
Which one of the seven ingredients of crime requires that the actor achieve the result through his or her own effort?

   

   A. the act requirement   
   

   B. the legality requirement   
   

   C. the harm requirement   
    

   D. the causation requirement   



Answer Key: D
Question 9 of 34   2.0 Points
Cesare Lombroso argued that the "born criminal" was distinguishable by

   

   A. bumps on the head.   
   

   B. small jaws and teeth.   
    

   C. atavistic stigmata.   
   

   D. a large nose.   



Answer Key: C
Question 10 of 34   2.0 Points
According to Sheldon, which one of the somatotypes is most likely to be involved in illegal behavior?

   

   A. andromorph   
   

   B. ectomorph   
   

   C. endomorph   
    

   D. mesomorph   



Answer Key: D
Question 11 of 34   2.0 Points
Who is acknowledged as America's first forensic psychiatrist?

   

   A. Sigmund Freud   
   

   B. Philippe Pinel   
    

   C. Isaac Ray   
   

   D. Henry Maudsley   



Answer Key: C
Question 12 of 34   2.0 Points
In the United States, explanations of criminal behavior have been dominated by what type of theories?

   

   A. psychological   
   

   B. biological   
    

   C. sociological   
   

   D. philosophical   



Answer Key: C
Question 13 of 34   2.0 Points
According to studies of twins,

   

   A. there is no evidence that genetic factors explain criminality.   
    

   B. there is some support for the hypothesis that some genetic influences increase the risk of criminality.   
   

   C. there is a strong causal relationship between genetics and crime.   
   

   D. there has not been enough research comparing monozygotic twins to dizygotic twins to make any conclusions.   



Answer Key: B
Question 14 of 34   2.0 Points
Which of the following is not a biochemical factor?

   

   A. food allergies   
   

   B. hypoglycemia   
    

   C. brain lesions   
   

   D. hormones   



Answer Key: C
Question 15 of 34   2.0 Points
Durkheim's concept of anomie was intended to explain

   

   A. crime.   
   

   B. juvenile delinquency.   
   

   C. suicide   
   

   D. status offenses.   



Answer Key: C
Question 16 of 34   2.0 Points
Merton's theory of anomie emphasizes

   

   A. that anger helps justify aggressive behavior and stimulates individuals into action.   
    

   B. institutionalized means to attain the desired ends.   
   

   C. that people learn to commit crime as a result of antisocial values, attitudes, and criminal behavior patterns.   
   

   D. none of these   



Answer Key: B
Question 17 of 34   2.0 Points
Cultural deviance theorists argue that

   

   A. crime is most likely to occur among the lower social classes.   
    

   B. American society is made up of various groups and subgroups, each with its own standards of right and wrong.   
   

   C. people learn to commit crime as a result of contact with antisocial values, attitudes, and criminal behavior patterns.   
   

   D. crime is the result of social disorganization.   



Answer Key: B
Question 18 of 34   2.0 Points
According to Cohen, delinquent subcultures are rooted in all but which of the following?

    

   A. acceptance of violence as normal   
   

   B. class differentials in parental aspirations   
   

   C. child-rearing practices   
   

   D. classroom standards   



Answer Key: A
Question 19 of 34   2.0 Points
Which of the following does Cohen's theory not explain?

   

   A. the origin of delinquent behavior   
   

   B. why some youths raised in the same neighborhoods and attending the same schools do not become involved in delinquent subcultures   
   

   C. types of roles that lower-class boys adopt in response to status frustration and strain   
    

   D. why most delinquents become law-abiding individuals even though their position in the class structure remains relatively fixed   



Answer Key: D
Question 20 of 34   2.0 Points
Members of ___________ gangs are described as double failures because they have not been successful in the legitimate world and have been equally unsuccessful in the illegitimate worlds of organized criminal activity and violence-oriented gangs.

   

   A. conflict   
   

   B. criminal   
   

   C. innovation   
    

   D. retreatist   



Answer Key: D
Question 21 of 34   2.0 Points
Using nationwide data collected for the President's Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence, Howard Erlanger found

   

   A. major differences in attitudes toward violence by class.   
   

   B. major differences in attitudes toward violence by race.   
    

   C. no major differences in attitudes toward violence by class or race.   
   

   D. no major differences in attitudes toward violence by race and gender.   



Answer Key: C
Question 22 of 34   2.0 Points
A lower-class person's resentment of external controls, whether parents, teachers, or police, is related to what focal concern?

   

   A. toughness   
    

   B. autonomy   
   

   C. self-esteem   
   

   D. trouble   



Answer Key: B
Question 23 of 34   2.0 Points
One of the differences that Michael Hindelang found between his research and Hirschi's research is that there is

   

   A. no relationship between attachment to father and attachment to peers.   
   

   B. no relationship between attachment to church and attachment to peers.   
    

   C. no relationship between attachment to mother and attachment to peers.   
   

   D. no relationship between attachment to grandparents and attachment to peers.   



Answer Key: C
Question 24 of 34   2.0 Points
Labeling theorists are interested in all but which of the following?

   

   A. how certain acts are defined as criminal or deviant   
    

   B. why people commit crimes in the first place   
   

   C. why certain people are defined as criminal or deviant   
   

   D. why certain people have had criminal status conferred upon them by both the criminal justice system and the community at large   



Answer Key: B
Question 25 of 34   2.0 Points
Which theoretical perspective claims that a struggle for power is a basic feature of human existence?

   

   A. labeling   
   

   B. conflict   
   

   C. peacemaking   
   

   D. consensus   



Answer Key: B
Question 26 of 34   2.0 Points
The __________ model of lawmaking assumes that members of society by and large agree on what is right and wrong, and that law is the codification of these agreed-upon social values.

   

   A. conflict   
   

   B. radical   
    

   C. consensus   
   

   D. Marxist   



Answer Key: C
Question 27 of 34   2.0 Points
From the rational-choice perspective, characteristics fall into what two distinct categories?

   

   A. those of the offender and those of the victim   
   

   B. those of the victim and those of the offender   
    

   C. those of the offender and those of the offense   
   

   D. those of the offense and those of the sanction   



Answer Key: C
Question 28 of 34   2.0 Points
George Rengert and John Wasilichick conducted extensive interviews with __________ in an effort to understand their techniques.

   

   A. convicted rapists   
   

   B. street robbers   
   

   C. prostitutes   
    

   D. suburban burglars   



Answer Key: D
Question 29 of 34   2.0 Points
CPTED is the acronym for

   

   A. criminals protected through enforcement deception.   
   

   B. crime protection through enforcement design.   
    

   C. crime prevention through environmental design.   
   

   D. crime protest through enforcement departments.   



Answer Key: C
Question 30 of 34   2.0 Points
__________ is the commission of a quantitatively similar crime at a different time or place.

    

   A. Displacement   
   

   B. Relocation   
   

   C. Parallel offending   
   

   D. Comparative offending   



Answer Key: A
Question 31 of 34   10.0 Points
Discuss Gottfredson and Hirschi's general theory of crime, and then evaluate it.





Comment:    Great job!
   

Question 32 of 34   10.0 Points
Over the last decade a number of important critical perspectives have emerged, including radical feminist theory, left realism, abolitionist and anarchist criminology, and peacemaking criminology. Discuss three of these perspectives.





   
   



Question 33 of 34    10.0 Points
Discuss the theories of victim-offender interaction of Wolfgang and Tedeschi and Felson.


   

Question 34 of 34   10.0 Points
Explain how the rational-choice theory provides the foundation for designing situational-crime-prevention techniques. Provide examples from the text.


   





   
   
   
   
   

   



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