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AMU LSTD 204 FINAL EXAM
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DOES ANYONE HAVE THE FINAL EXAM FOR LSTD 204 WITH AMU COLLEGE
Post Merge: Oct 22, 2012

DOES ANYONE HAVE THE FINAL EXAM FOR THAT CLASS

Last Edit: Oct 22, 2012 by champ LoggedReport this PostReport Abuse

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AMU LSTD 204 FINAL EXAM
Oct 23, 2012

I do I just took it.
Post Merge: Oct 23, 2012

I do, I just took it:

Part 1 of 1 -  70.0/ 100.0 Points



Question 1 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

Most judicial codes of ethics require that a judge "__________" himself if, among other things, he has a personal bias or prejudice concerning a party, or personal knowledge of disputed evidentiary facts concerning the proceeding. Recuse

Answer Key: recuse
Question 2 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

More than __________ percent of state appellate court judges and nearly __________ percent of state trial court judges are elected to their posts. 
 A. 40/50 
 
 B. 80/90 
 
 C. 20/30 
 
 D. 60/70 



Answer Key: B
Question 3 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

Roy Fleming identified three main political styles for prosecutors. The __________ are those who change internal practices, but do so in a way that minimizes opposition. 
 A. office radical 
 
 B. office conservator 
 
 C. policy reformer 
 
 D. courthouse insurgent 



Answer Key: C
Question 4 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

In __________, the Supreme Court agreed with the defendant's argument that the prosecutor in the case acted vindictively and threatened the defendant's due process rights. 
 A. The North Carolina State Bar v. Michael B. Nifong 
 
 B. Gideon v. Wainwright 
 
 C. Blackledge v. Perry 
 
 D. Argersinger v. Hamlin 



Answer Key: C
Question 5 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

Attorneys in criminal cases often require their clients to pay a __________, or fees paid in advance for their services. 
 A. Retainer 
 
 B. bond 
 
 C. bail fee 
 
 D. deposit 



Answer Key: A
Question 6 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

Spangenberg and Schwartz point out that only __________ percent of justice expenditures are devoted to the representation of indigent defendants. (Use a number, don't spell it) 3

Answer Key: 3
Question 7 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

In __________ the Court considered whether the identity of juveniles who testify at criminal trials can be disguised. 
 A. Ake v. Oklahoma 
 
 B. Davis v. Alaska 
 
 C. Smith v. Illinois 
 
 D. Maryland v. Craig 



Answer Key: B
Question 8 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

In __________ the defense attorney acknowledged his client's guilt in open court and focused his defense on reasons why the defendant's life should be spared. The evidence was so clearly indicative of the defendant's guilt, the Supreme Court did not feel the defense attorney's strategy was ineffective. 
 A. Bell v. Cone 
 
 B. Florida v. Nixon 
 
 C. Strickland v. Washington 
 
 D. Rompilla v. Beard 



Answer Key: B
Question 9 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

Without a proper __________ __________ __________ the defense can allege that the evidence was tampered with or "tainted" in such a way that it cannot prove the defendant's involvement in a crime. Chain of Custody

Answer Key: chain of custody
Question 10 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

The key requirement for an arrest is that it be based on reasonable suspicion.
 
  A. True
 B. False
 



Answer Key: False
Question 11 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

For a plea bargain to be valid, the plea must result from conduct that has a basis in __________. Fact

Answer Key: fact
Question 12 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

An example of the pressure for innocent defendants to plead guilty was seen in __________. 
 A. Napue v. Illinois 
 
 B. North Carolina v. Alford 
 
 C. Santobello v. New York 
 
 D. Edwards v. People 



Answer Key: B
Question 13 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

_____ _____ are judges' orders "to control the release of leads, information and gossip to the press by police officers, witnesses and counsel for both sides." Gag Orders

Answer Key: Gag orders
Question 14 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

In __________, a black defendant was convicted of a violent crime committed against a white security guard. The trial judge denied the defendant's motion that specific questions about racial prejudice be asked of potential jurors. 
 A. Ristiano v. Ross 
 
 B. Swain v. Alabama 
 
 C. Baldwin v. New York 
 
 D. Batson v. Kentucky 



Answer Key: A
Question 15 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

__________ __________ are those defenses that go beyond simply denying that a crime took place or that the defendant committed it. Examples include alibi defenses and self-defense. Affirmative Defenses

Answer Key: Affirmative defenses
Question 16 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

Jury nullification has been defined as juries returning verdicts that reflect prejudiced or bigoted community standards and convict when the evidence does not warrant a conviction.
 
  A. True
 B. False
 



Answer Key: False
Question 17 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

__________ circumstances are those that reduce the seriousness or outrageousness of a given crime. 
 A. Auxillary 
 
 B. Aggravated 
 
 C. Mitigating 
 
 D. Modifying 



Answer Key: C
Question 18 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

The _____ _____ _____ was arguably America's first real run-in with terrorism. Oklahoma City Bombing

Answer Key: Oklahoma City Bombing
Question 19 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

__________ penalties occur when a criminal's conviction is made visible to several people with the goal of lowering the offender's social status through the performance of humiliating acts. 
 A. Apology 
 
 B. forfeiture 
 
 C. debasement 
 
 D. public-exposure 



Answer Key: C
Question 20 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

A(n) __________ __________ is an appeal that the appellate courts can decide on (whether to grant a hearing or not). Discretionary Appeal

Answer Key: discretionary appeal
Question 21 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

The __________ __________ is "an affiliation of organizations dedicated to providing pro bono legal and investigative services to individuals seeking to prove innocence of crimes for which they have been convicted and working to redress the causes of wrongful convictions." Innocence Network

Answer Key: Innocence Network
Question 22 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

According to one study, __________ __________ is the single greatest cause of wrongful convictions nationwide, playing a role in more than 75% of convictions overturned through DNA testing. Eyewitness Misidentification

Answer Key: eyewitness misidentification
Question 23 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

Brian Forst used the term __________ to describe the many types of mistakes the criminal justice system can make. 
 A. Harmless error 
 
 B. false justice 
 
 C. rush to judgment 
 
 D. error of justice 



Answer Key: D
Question 24 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

Gender effects are most pronounced in the decision whether to imprison (as opposed to decisions on conviction and sentence length).
 
  A. True
 B. False
 



Answer Key: True
Question 25 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

A method of alternative dispute resolution in which the parties make informal presentations to a neutral party who then examines the strengths and weakness of each side's case and then informs the parties of them. 
 A. Neutral evaluation 
 
 B. mediation 
 
 C. deposition 
 
 D. arbitration 



Answer Key: A
Question 26 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

The term used to describe the refusal or failure to those responsible to provide food, shelter, health care, or protection for a vulnerable elder is __________. Neglect

Answer Key: neglect
Question 27 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

In Frye v. Unitede States it was decided that expert opinion based on a scientific technique is inadmissible unless the technique is "generally accepted" as reliable in the relevant scientific community.
 
  A. True
 B. False
 



Answer Key: True
Question 28 of 30 2.5/ 2.5 Points

Blogs decrease public access to the on-goings of the court.
 
  A. True
 B. False
 



Answer Key: False
Question 29 of 30 0.0/ 15.0 Points

List and discuss the three main steps to the voir dire process. Please give me several paragraphs on your essay questions.
Jury selection is the process by which jurors are selected for a trial by jury case to be held in a court. The three main steps in the jury selection process are, Voir Dire,

Challenges of Cause, Peremptory Challenges.



Voir dire is a preliminary examination to determine the competency of a witness or juror. In this first phase, both the prosecution (or plaintiff, in a civil case) and defense (or respondent, in a civil case), can object to a juror. Voir dire can include both general questions asked of an entire pool of prospective jurors, answered by means such as a show of hands, and questions asked of individual prospective jurors and calling for a verbal answer. In some jurisdictions, the attorneys for the parties may question the potential jurors; in other jurisdictions, the trial judge conducts the voir dire.



The other two parts may come during or after voir dire, these are called challenges of cause and peremptory challenges.

During the selection of a jury, both parties to the proceeding may challenge prospective jurors for a lack of impartiality, known as a challenge for cause. A challenge for cause is a request that a prospective juror be dismissed because there is a specific reason to believe the person cannot be fair, unbiased or capable of serving as a juror. A party may challenge an unlimited number of prospective jurors for cause. Parties also may exercise a limited number of peremptory challenges. These challenges permit a party to remove a prospective juror without giving a reason for the removal.

Peremptory challenges provide a more impartial and better qualified jury. Peremptory challenges allow an attorney to reject a potential juror for real or imagined partiality that would be difficult to demonstrate under the challenge for cause category. These challenges, however, have become more difficult to exercise because the U.S. Supreme Court has forbidden peremptory strikes based on race or gender.



Parties do not have a federal constitutional right to exercise peremptory challenges. Peremptory challenges are granted by statute or by case law. The number of challenges is usually determined by statute, but some jurisdictions allow the trial court to grant additional peremptory challenges. In federal court each side is entitled to three peremptory challenges. If more than two parties are involved in the proceeding, the court may either grant additional challenges or restrict the parties to the minimum number of challenges. In states which allow unequal numbers of peremptory challenges, the accused usually has the greater number.




The judge ultimately determines if the person shall be dismissed.


 
Question 30 of 30 0.0/ 15.0 Points

Discuss the problem of wrongful convictions. Explain the significance of the problem and the causes. Give an example of a wrongfully convicted person cleared through one of the Project Innocence programs.



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AMU LSTD 204 FINAL EXAM
Oct 24, 2012

Thank you so much I haven't been doing alot of core classes I have done most of the general studies.Thanks again I appericate that so much!!



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