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Chapter 3 - Socialization TEST-BANK [FREE]
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Chapter 3 - Socialization
Sociology: A Down-to-Earth Approach, 10/E
Heslin

3.1   Multiple Choice Questions

   1)   The sociologist who studied feral children, including the abused child Isabelle who was discovered in 1938 living in an attic with her deaf-mute mother, was ________.
A)   Michael Burawoy
B)   Kingsley Davis
C)   Wilbert Moore
D)   Herbert Gans
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 63
Skill: Knowledge
   2)   In the "nature versus nurture" argument regarding socialization, the "nurture" component refers to ________.
A)   heredity
B)   the social environment
C)   instinct
D)   genetic composition 
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 64
Skill: Knowledge
   3)   Which of the following traits is least likely to be linked to "nature" (heredity) and most likely linked to "nurture" (the social environment)?
A)   vocational choice
B)   temperament
C)   ability at sports
D)   aptitude for mathematics
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 3   Page Ref: 64
Skill: Application
   4)   What term is used to describe children who are assumed to have been raised by animals in the wilderness and isolated from other children, such as the "wild boy of Aveyron"?
A)   mentally challenged
B)   developmentally disabled 
C)   deprived
D)   feral
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT 
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 64
Skill: Knowledge
   5)   The case study of Jack and Oskar provides support for which of the following explanations of behavior?
A)   Identical twins will always exhibit similar behavior because their gene complement is identical.
B)   Environment has a significant influence on behavior, regardless of gene complement.
C)   Behavior is the result of genetic influences.
D)   The father's genetic influence is greater than the mother's as a determinant of behavior.
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 4   Page Ref: 65
Skill: Analysis
   6)   Based on studies of isolated and institutionalized children, what is the key variable in acquiring the basic "human" traits we take for granted?
A)   biological makeup
B)   basic intelligence
C)   intimate early social interaction
D)   strict discipline
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 2   Page Ref: 66–67
Skill: Comprehension
   7)   What discovery did Skeels and Dye make when they administered intelligence tests to a sample of orphans cared for by trained professionals in a "good" orphanage and to a second sample of orphans raised by residents of an institution for mentally retarded women?
A)   The orphans raised by the mentally impaired scored an average of 25 points lower than those raised by trained professionals. 
B)   The orphans raised by the mentally impaired scored an average of 58 points higher than those raised by trained professionals. 
C)   There was no difference in the scores of the orphans raised by the mentally impaired compared to those raised by trained professionals. 
D)   The orphans raised by the mentally impaired scored an average of 47 points lower than those raised by trained professionals. 
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 67
Skill: Knowledge
   8)   The research in the early 1960s using rhesus monkeys to demonstrate the importance of intimate physical contact in the rearing of animals was conducted by ________.
A)   Sheldon and Eleanor Glueck
B)   William and Helen Thomas
C)   Harry and Margaret Harlow
D)   William and Virginia Masters
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 67
Skill: Knowledge
   9)   What did the Harlow experiment conclude as being the key to infant-mother bonding?
A)   peer socialization
B)   feeding and grooming
C)   intimate social contact
D)   intellectual development
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 68
Skill: Knowledge
10)   What concept do sociologists refer to when they say that "society makes us human"?
A)   stratification
B)   psychoanalysis
C)   cultural tradition
D)   socialization
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT 
Diff: 3   Page Ref: 68
Skill: Application
11)   The process by which we develop a sense of self, referred to as the "looking-glass self," was developed by ________.
A)   George Herbert Mead
B)   William I. Thomas
C)   Charles Horton Cooley
D)   Robert K. Merton
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 68
Skill: Knowledge
12)   Our image of how others see us is called the ________.
A)   id
B)   super ego
C)   libido
D)   self
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT 
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 68
Skill: Knowledge
13)   Professor Zale bases her self-concept as a professor on the interactions she has with students and the reactions she receives from them during class.  In view of this, which process is Professor Zale utilizing?
A)   Freud's psychoanalytic theory
B)   Cooley's looking-glass self
C)   Mead's "I" and "me" concept
D)   Piaget's theory of moral reasoning
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 4   Page Ref: 68-69
Skill: Analysis
14)   The symbolic interactionist who taught at the University of Chicago and stressed that play was crucial to the development of the concept of self was ________.
A)   Charles Horton Cooley
B)   Lester Ward
C)   George Herbert Mead
D)   Talcott Parsons
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 69
Skill: Knowledge
15)   Bob's football coach is a very important influence in his life. Many of Bob's actions are attempts to win the approval of his coach. Mead would suggest that the coach is one of Bob's ________.
A)   generalized others 
B)   significant others
C)   primary group members
D)   reference group members
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 2   Page Ref: 69
Skill: Comprehension
16)   According to Mead's theory of development, individuals who have a profound influence on the lives of another person, such as parents or siblings, are referred to as ________. 
A)   significant others
B)   the person’s reference group
C)   the person’s in-group
D)   generalized others
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 69
Skill: Knowledge
17)   Tory is 5 years of age. He loves to dress up like Batman and pretend to save Gotham City from the Penguin. According to Mead's theory, he is in the ________ stage.
A)   imitation
B)   game
C)   play
D)   generalized
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 3   Page Ref: 69
Skill: Application
18)   What term would Mead use to refer to the norms, values, attitudes, and expectations of the public?
A)   primary group
B)   generalized others
C)   secondary group
D)   significant others
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 3   Page Ref: 69
Skill: Application
19)   Of the following traits and abilities, which one would George Herbert Mead consider most essential for an individual to be a full-fledged member of society?
A)   the ability to take the role of another
B)   an average or above-average IQ
C)   a well-developed id
D)   the influence of positive peers
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 3   Page Ref: 69
Skill: Application
20)   George Herbert Mead theorized that learning to take the role of the other entails three stages – the ________ stage, ________stage, and ________ stage.
A)   primary; secondary; tertiary
B)   id; ego; superego
C)   sensorimotor; preoperational; operational
D)   imitation; play; team games
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT 
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 69–70
Skill: Knowledge
21)   Mead describes the active, creative, and spontaneous part of the self as the ________.
A)   I
B)   me
C)   id
D)   ego
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 70
Skill: Knowledge
22)   According to Piaget, the stage of development that is dominated by touching, listening, looking, and the inability to recognize cause and effect is the ________ stage.
A)   formal operational
B)   preoperational
C)   sensorimotor
D)   concrete operational
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 3   Page Ref: 70
Skill: Application
23)   Jean Piaget's use of the term "operational" is most aligned with the concept of ________.
A)   motor skills
B)   reasoning skills
C)   language skills
D)   social skills
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 4   Page Ref: 70
Skill: Analysis
24)   Morris is 3 years old and is just beginning to talk. He can count to 10 but is not altogether sure what numbers actually mean. According to Piaget, Morris is in the ________ stage.
A)   sensorimotor
B)   concrete operational
C)   preoperational
D)   formal operational
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 3   Page Ref: 70–71
Skill: Application
25)   According to Piaget, when children are capable of abstract thinking, they have reached the level of development called the ________.
A)   sensorimotor stage
B)   formal operational stage
C)   preoperational stage
D)   concrete operational stage
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 3   Page Ref: 71
Skill: Application
26)   The technique created by Sigmund Freud for the treatment of emotional problems through long-term, intensive exploration of the subconscious mind is referred to as ________.
A)   transactional analysis 
B)   rational emotive therapy
C)   psychoanalysis
D)   reality therapy 
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 71
Skill: Knowledge
27)   In Freud's theory, what part of the personality represents the pleasure-seeking aspect, demanding immediate fulfillment of basic needs such as attention, food, safety, and sex?
A)   the id
B)   the ego
C)   the superego
D)   the libido
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 71
Skill: Knowledge
28)   According to Sigmund Freud, when the id gets out of hand, individuals follow their desires for pleasure and ________.
A)   demand self-gratification
B)   seek intimacy
C)   break society’s norms
D)   need for isolation
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 72
Skill: Knowledge
29)   Why do many sociologists object to psychoanalysis as a valid explanation for human behavior?
A)   Sociologists reject the notion that personality develops in stages.
B)   Sociologists disagree on the influence of the super ego as a balancing force of behavior.
C)   Sociologists argue that Freud failed to study a wide range of subjects before developing his theory.
D)   Sociologists object to the view that inborn and subconscious motivations are the primary reasons for human behavior.
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT 
Diff: 6   Page Ref: 72
Skill: Evaluation
30)   In psychoanalytic theory, the "culture within us" is represented by the ________.
A)   superego
B)   id
C)   ego
D)   libido
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 72
Skill: Knowledge
31)   In Kohlberg's theory of moral development, the stage in which the child has no sense of right or wrong and only personal needs to be satisfied is the ________ stage. 
A)   amoral
B)   preconventional
C)   conventional
D)   postconventional
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 72
Skill: Knowledge
32)   In developing his theory on moral development, when did Kohlberg claim most people reach the postconventional stage?
A)   Most people reach this stage shortly after birth.
B)   Most people reach this stage after passing through puberty.
C)   Most people reach this stage during the "midlife crisis."
D)   Most people do not reach this stage.
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT 
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 73
Skill: Knowledge
33)   The social scientist who criticized the theory of Lawrence Kohlberg and developed an alternative theory on the development of morality based on personal relationships was ________.
A)   Jane Addams 
B)   Margaret Sanger
C)   Carol Gilligan
D)   Margaret Mead
Answer:   C
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 73
Skill: Knowledge
34)   What is the proposed source of the six specific emotions that Paul Ekman identified as being present in all cultures?
A)   They are based on the social environment.
B)   They are a product of our genes.
C)   They are based on common cultural values held worldwide.
D)   They are based on intellectual capability.
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 73
Skill: Knowledge
35)   What conclusion did psychologists Susan Goldberg and Michael Lewis make after observing the interactions of mothers and their children? 
A)   Mothers socialized their sons to be passive and dependent.
B)   Mothers tended to treat their children the same, regardless of sex.
C)   Mothers unconsciously rewarded their daughters for being dependent.
D)   Mothers felt their sons needed greater supervision when they played.
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 75
Skill: Knowledge
36)   The Smiths are going Christmas shopping for their two children, Dick and Jane. They plan to buy Dick a Tonka truck and Jane a Barbie doll. Their selection of toys for their children is an example of ________ by parents.
A)   resocialization
B)   role diffusion
C)   ego identity
D)   gender socialization
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT 
Diff: 3   Page Ref: 75
Skill: Application
37)   A young woman is contemplating a particular behavior, in this case, dropping out of college. She is also considering an awareness of the self in relationship to others to avoid feelings of shame and embarrassment. This is referred to as her ________. 
A)   socialized self as subject
B)   self-actualized stage
C)   social mirror
D)   reality principle
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 75
Skill: Knowledge
38)   Individuals who are approximately the same age and are linked by common interests, including friends, classmates, and the "kids in the neighborhood," are most appropriately referred to as ________.
A)   significant others
B)   generalized others
C)   peers
D)   confederates 
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 1   Page Ref: 76
Skill: Knowledge
39)   How does the mass media influence gender roles in contemporary American society?
A)   It encourages a sexless society.
B)   It encourages women to assume male roles to be successful.
C)   It reinforces gender roles considered appropriate for one's sex.
D)   It encourages cross-gender behavior. 
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 2   Page Ref: 78
Skill: Comprehension
40)   Traditionally, statuses occupied by men (father, husband) are given greater prestige than those occupied by women (mother, wife). This awarding of privilege and prestige to one group while denying it to the other is called ________.
A)   social imperative 
B)   social inequality
C)   social solidarity
D)   social integration
Answer:   SEE ATTACHMENT
Diff: 3   Page Ref: 79
Skill: Application

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Chapter 3 - Socialization TEST-BANK [FREE]
3 years ago
Let me know if you need more chapters and answers Smile


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Chapter 3 - Socialization TEST-BANK [FREE]
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Could you open it up so I can download it please   Smile


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Chapter 3 - Socialization TEST-BANK [FREE]
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how can i get this attachment


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Chapter 3 - Socialization TEST-BANK [FREE]
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how can i get this attachment


Must become a full member Wink


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Chapter 3 - Socialization TEST-BANK [FREE]
2 years ago
Where can you get other questions from other chapters.


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Chapter 3 - Socialization TEST-BANK [FREE]
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thanskkkkks


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