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c15

Uploaded: 2 months ago
Contributor: bio_man
Category: Sociology
Type: Lecture Notes
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Filename:   c15.rtf (153.83 kB)
Page Count: 22
Credit Cost: 1
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Transcript
c15c15 Student: ___________________________________________________________________________ 1. The introduction to the chapter emphasizes the historical tradition of college students  A. fighting for social change. B. fighting to save the environment. C. fighting to prevent social change. D. None of the answers is correct.   2. Which of the following is NOT an example of dramatic recent social change?  A. the collapse of communism B. the computer revolution C. the development of nuclear weapons D. the spread of AIDS   3. Which theory of social change holds that society is moving in a definite direction?  A. modernization B. evolutionary theory C. globalization D. dependency theory   4. Auguste Comte saw societies as moving forward in their thinking from  A. mythology to the scientific method. B. mythology to religion. C. monarchy to democracy. D. monarchy to socialism.   5. Émile Durkheim contended that societies progressed from _________________ forms of social organization  A. basic to more sophisticated B. local to national C. simple to more complex D. nonliterate to literate   6. The writings of Auguste Comte and Émile Durkheim are examples of  A. world systems theory. B. evolutionary theory. C. conflict theory. D. modernization theory.   7. The notion that traditional societies are simple or primitive is an example of  A. ideological colonialism. B. ethnocentrism. C. cultural imperialism. D. dependency theory.   8. The expectation that African and Latin American countries will change, moving in the same direction as Western societies, is consistent with  A. disengagement theory. B. evolutionary theory. C. world systems theory. D. resource mobilization theory.   9. Talcott Parsons viewed society as naturally being in a state of  A. anarchy. B. evolution. C. equilibrium. D. conflict.   10. According to the ___________, when changes occur in one part of a society, there must be adjustments in other parts.  A. the evolutionary model B. equilibrium model C. the progressive model D. conflict model   11. The role of women in the family has changed dramatically in the United States during the last 50 years. Women have furthered their education and developed careers. This change in the family has necessitated adaptive changes in school systems, corporations, churches, and other facets of society to provide child care services. This situation reflects which view of social change?  A. the evolutionary model B. equilibrium model C. the progressive model D. conflict model   12. Which concept does Talcott Parsons use to indicate the increasing complexity of social organization?  A. differentiation B. adaptive upgrading C. expansion D. value specialization   13. Which term does Talcott Parsons use to characterize a feature of social change that social institutions become more specialized in their purposes?  A. differentiation B. adaptive upgrading C. expansion D. value specialization   14. A person needing to have his or her car repaired can go to a muffler store, a transmission shop, a tire retailer, or a gas station for a tune-up. Talcott Parsons refers to this type of specialization as  A. expansion. B. incorporation. C. differentiation. D. adaptive upgrading.   15. Recently, medical schools have practiced _________ by admitting increasing numbers of women and African Americans.  A. differentiation B. adaptation C. inclusion D. value generalization   16. Talcott Parsons contends that societies experience value ___________, the development of new values that tolerate and legitimate a greater range of activities.  A. differentiation B. adaptation C. inclusion D. generalization   17. Which term refers to the period of adjustment when the nonmaterial culture is still adapting to new material conditions?  A. cultural relativism B. culture lag C. culture shock D. cultural integration   18. Large families are no longer economically necessary, nor are they commonly endorsed by social norms; but certain religious faiths continue to extol large families and to disapprove of using contraception to limit family size. This example illustrates  A. cultural resistance B. cultural integration C. cultural relativity. D. culture lag.   19. Various religious groups and their followers are very upset about scientific advances in reproductive technology (e.g., birth control pills, abortion pills, in vitro fertilization, and genetic engineering). This conflict between religious values and new scientific concepts illustrates  A. cultural exclusion. B. cultural resistance. C. culture lag. D. cultural adaptation.   20. The Marxist view of social change is appealing to some because it  A. is a means of eliminating social inequality. B. permits people to seize control of the historical process and gain their freedom from injustice. C. Both answers are true. D. Neither answer is true.   21. What is the term Thorstein Veblen coined to describe people or groups who will suffer in the event of social change?  A. false consciousness. B. culture resisters. C. vested interests. D. nonmaterialists.   22. If the United States Congress passed strict anticigarette laws that banned their sale anywhere in the country, it would create serious problems for cigarette manufacturers, retailers, tobacco growers, tobacco farm workers, truckers, and many other employees in the cigarette industry. Each of these groups would probably oppose this legislation because they are examples of  A. culture lag. B. nonmaterialists C. culture resisters. D. vested interests.   23. Cultural information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires is called  A. socialization. B. innovation. C. technology. D. All of the answers are correct.   24. Which of the following is the name for the group of Americans who most actively participate in the information society?  A. the omnivores B. the connectors C. the productivity enhancers D. the mobile centrics   25. Which group of Americans is most likely to be "off the net" of information society?  A. African Americans B. the poor C. the elderly D. children   26. What percentage of North Americans have access to the internet?  A. 76 B. 53 C. 20 D. 9   27. What percentage of Asians have access to the internet?  A. 76 B. 53 C. 20 D. 9   28. What percentage of Africans have access to the internet?  A. 76 B. 53 C. 20 D. 9   29. The virtual monopoly that Immanuel Wallerstein's core nations hold over information technology is known as  A. technology lag B. the digital divide C. cultural imperialism D. illegal monopolization   30. The 1986 Electronic Communications Privacy Act requires the authorization of a U.S. attorney general and then the approval of a federal judge before surveillance of which of the following may be made?  A. email B. faxes C. telephone calls D. telegraphs   31. Which of the following is NOT a concern that sociologists have about surveillance and censorship?  A. It violates our privacy. B. The most powerful groups in a society will use these techniques to weaken other groups. C. It will prevent terrorism. D. It will impact hiring and discipline decisions at schools and sites of employment.   32. Sociologists view many aspects of biotechnology as an extension of the recent trend toward the __________ of society.  A. globalization B. industrialization C. medicalization D. modernization   33. Using technology to increase food production and to make agriculture more efficient and economical is called  A. genetically modified (GM) food. B. frankenfood. C. technoproduce. D. biotech supplements.   34. The debate on genetic engineering intensified in 1997, when scientists in Scotland  A. cloned a sheep. B. grew tomatoes without soil. C. Both answers are true. D. Neither answer is true.   35. Which of the following have scientists NOT yet cloned?  A. a pig B. a mouse C. a human D. a deer   36. Although genetic engineering has shown promise, it also raises _________ questions.  A. political and biological B. biological and ethical C. political and ethical D. political, biological and ethical   37. Which of the following is true about Luddites?  A. They were early adapters of technology. B. They were early resisters of technology. C. They were early creators of technology. D. They were early integrators of technology.   38. Which of the following is true about groups such as Luddites, French saboteurs, and the Amish?  A. They resist nearly all forms of technology. B. Their opposition to technology is irrational. C. They resist technology's ability to undercut familiar norms and values. D. They fear most forms of change.   39. Which of the following is NOT true about Jacques Ellul's assessments of modern technological society?  A. He argues that they key factor to consider is technique rather than technology. B. He is concerned about our commitment to maximizing efficiency and productivity C. He argues that we need to focus more on measuring success in quantitative terms. D. He is concerned that we lost something human when that which cannot be measured is viewed as suspect.   40. Which of the following is NOT an example of modern society's efforts to measure success quantitatively?  A. the Nielsen ratings for television shows B. the No Child Left Behind Act C. the Pulitzer Prize D. presidential elections   41. Neil Postman argues that unquestioning technological adoption  A. limits our freedoms. B. creates stronger links to other adopters of technology. C. shapes the technological system in which we live. D. creates unforeseen consequences.   42. Which term refers to organized collective activities to bring about or resist fundamental change in an existing group or society?  A. social movements B. social groups C. power movements D. pressure groups   43. Which of the following would be an example of a social movement?  A. a group that organizes to protest the absence of a product from their local supermarket. B. people who organize for or against abortion rights C. a person who protests the firing of a teacher because of his or her homosexuality. D. All of the answers are correct.   44. Which of the following is NOT an example of a social movement that has had a dramatic impact on the social structure of the United States?  A. abolitionism B. the Socialist Party C. the suffragists D. the civil rights movement   45. Which term refers to the conscious feeling of a negative discrepancy between legitimate expectations and present actualities?  A. relative deprivation B. relative scarcity C. resource deprivation D. resource scarcity   46. Which of the following illustrates relative deprivation?  A. a group of sweatshop workers who are incapable of buying adequate food for their families B. residents of a squatter settlement in Nigeria who are incapable of affording adequate housing and plumbing C. middle management workers in a corporation who are discontented because they cannot afford the luxury cars or expensive homes that their bosses have D. None of the answers is correct.   47. Which term refers to the ways in which a social movement utilizes such resources as money, political influence, access to the media, and personnel?  A. relative allocation B. relative mobilization C. resource allocation D. resource mobilization   48. False consciousness is defined as  A. actions that do not reflect the objective position of workers. B. a state of euphoria when stability is achieved. C. attitudes that do not reflect the objective position of workers. D. a false sense of self that is drug-induced.   49. A group of students is incorrectly labeled by the school system as "slow learners." Their teachers and parents have low expectations for them, and their academic progress is negligible. This situation would exemplify which one of Karl Marx's concepts?  A. class consciousness B. false consciousness C. dialectical change D. rise of the proletariat   50. In the 1960s and 1970s, women's liberation activists used ____________ to convince women that they were being deprived of their rights and of socially valued resources.  A. class consciousness groups B. false consciousness groups C. consciousness-raising groups D. deprivation awareness groups   51. Which of the following is true about women in current social movements?  A. They volunteer in smaller numbers than men do. B. They tend to hold leadership positions in larger numbers than men do. C. Both answers are correct. D. Neither answer is correct.   52. Before the 1960s, traditional social movements focused on  A. class consciousness. B. economic issues. C. discrimination. D. civil rights.   53. Organized collective activities that address values and social identities as well as improvements in the quality of life are called  A. social movements. B. new social movements. C. new consciousness groups. D. resource mobilization groups.   54. Which of the following is true about new social movement theory?  A. It emphasizes resource mobilization on a local level. B. It offers a global perspective on social and political activism. C. It emphasizes economic issues. D. It has its roots in social class, usually working-class, activism.   55. Which one of the following is an example of a new social movement?  A. an environmental social movement that focuses on the interconnection of all the world's people and resources B. a local workers' protest against poor wages and working conditions C. a civil rights protest movement in a major American city D. All of the answers are correct.   56. The June 2009 election in Iran demonstrated the power of new communication technologies by:  A. allowing people to coordinate campaign events online. B. allowing rallies to be organized without revealing their location until the last minute. C. allowing people to send stories, pictures, and video to the outside world, revealing the government's crackdown. D. All of the answers are correct.   57. Recognizing the impact our individual position has on who we are and how we think and act, and taking responsibility for the impacts our actions have on others is known as  A. practical sociology. B. public sociology. C. personal sociology. D. applied sociology.   58. ___________ involves bringing the insights gained through sociological observation and analysis into the public sphere, thereby seeking to bring about positive social change.  A. Practical sociology B. Public sociology C. Personal sociology D. Applied sociology   59. The text uses the example of Stephen Colbert to promote  A. the value of cynicism. B. the value of satire. C. not giving in to cynicism. D. not giving in to satire.   60. Sociology can help improve society by  A. diminishing our reliance on individualistic models. B. helping us to view the world from a variety of perspectives. C. affirming the significance of all forms of relationships in our lives. D. All of the answers are correct.   61. Sociology is useful for explaining social change at the macro level, but can contribute little to explaining change at the micro level.  True    False   62. Most social theorists now accept that as societies evolve, they become more complex and more sophisticated.  True    False   63. Differentiation is one of the four process of social change that Talcott Parsons viewed as inevitable. The relatively recent decision of medical schools to admit members of different social groups, such as women and African American, is a good example of differentiation in practice.  True    False   64. According to equilibrium theory, the natural state of society is one of stability and balance.  True    False   65. In general, those in society who have access to the most power and wealth have a vested interest in preserving the status quo and opposing social change.  True    False   66. The word sabotage derives from the practice of French workers attempting to destroy machines by throwing shoes into them.  True    False   67. A person who experiences a sense of relative deprivation is making a subjective, rather than objective assessment of their situation.  True    False   68. A "technique-focused" system is one that prioritizes the quantitative measurement of success.  True    False   69. On occasion, the publication of a single, influential text, such as Betty Frieden's The Feminist Mystique, is enough to produce a powerful social movement.  True    False   70. The term "new social movement" refers to a social movement that has yet to achieve widespread recognition or membership.  True    False   71. Compare the evolutionary theory of social change with the equilibrium model as proposed by Talcott Parsons. Evaluate the relative merits of the two approaches using real world examples of recent and significant social change.          72. Why have some groups historically resisted new technologies? How do Neil Postman's five questions about technology help us to understand and evaluate better the potential consequences of adopting new technologies?          73. What are the various elements that need to be in place if social movements are to succeed? Which of these is the most indispensible, in your view? Illustrate your answer with real world examples.          74. Evaluate the positive and negative consequences of genetically modified food. What ethical concerns are raised by genetic manipulation?          75. What does it mean to say that "sociology is a verb"? Compare and contrast "personal" with "public" sociology as tools for bringing about social change.          c15 Key   1. (p. 373) The introduction to the chapter emphasizes the historical tradition of college students  A. fighting for social change. B. fighting to save the environment. C. fighting to prevent social change. D. None of the answers is correct.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #1   2. (p. 374) Which of the following is NOT an example of dramatic recent social change?  A. the collapse of communism B. the computer revolution C. the development of nuclear weapons D. the spread of AIDS   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #2   3. (p. 348) Which theory of social change holds that society is moving in a definite direction?  A. modernization B. evolutionary theory C. globalization D. dependency theory   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #3   4. (p. 376) Auguste Comte saw societies as moving forward in their thinking from  A. mythology to the scientific method. B. mythology to religion. C. monarchy to democracy. D. monarchy to socialism.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #4   5. (p. 376) Émile Durkheim contended that societies progressed from _________________ forms of social organization  A. basic to more sophisticated B. local to national C. simple to more complex D. nonliterate to literate   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #5   6. (p. 376) The writings of Auguste Comte and Émile Durkheim are examples of  A. world systems theory. B. evolutionary theory. C. conflict theory. D. modernization theory.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #6   7. (p. 348) The notion that traditional societies are simple or primitive is an example of  A. ideological colonialism. B. ethnocentrism. C. cultural imperialism. D. dependency theory.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #7   8. (p. 377) The expectation that African and Latin American countries will change, moving in the same direction as Western societies, is consistent with  A. disengagement theory. B. evolutionary theory. C. world systems theory. D. resource mobilization theory.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #8   9. (p. 348-49) Talcott Parsons viewed society as naturally being in a state of  A. anarchy. B. evolution. C. equilibrium. D. conflict.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #9   10. (p. 3476) According to the ___________, when changes occur in one part of a society, there must be adjustments in other parts.  A. the evolutionary model B. equilibrium model C. the progressive model D. conflict model   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #10   11. (p. 376) The role of women in the family has changed dramatically in the United States during the last 50 years. Women have furthered their education and developed careers. This change in the family has necessitated adaptive changes in school systems, corporations, churches, and other facets of society to provide child care services. This situation reflects which view of social change?  A. the evolutionary model B. equilibrium model C. the progressive model D. conflict model   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #11   12. (p. 376) Which concept does Talcott Parsons use to indicate the increasing complexity of social organization?  A. differentiation B. adaptive upgrading C. expansion D. value specialization   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #12   13. (p. 349) Which term does Talcott Parsons use to characterize a feature of social change that social institutions become more specialized in their purposes?  A. differentiation B. adaptive upgrading C. expansion D. value specialization   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #13   14. (p. 377) A person needing to have his or her car repaired can go to a muffler store, a transmission shop, a tire retailer, or a gas station for a tune-up. Talcott Parsons refers to this type of specialization as  A. expansion. B. incorporation. C. differentiation. D. adaptive upgrading.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #14   15. (p. 3477) Recently, medical schools have practiced _________ by admitting increasing numbers of women and African Americans.  A. differentiation B. adaptation C. inclusion D. value generalization   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #15   16. (p. 3477) Talcott Parsons contends that societies experience value ___________, the development of new values that tolerate and legitimate a greater range of activities.  A. differentiation B. adaptation C. inclusion D. generalization   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #16   17. (p. 377) Which term refers to the period of adjustment when the nonmaterial culture is still adapting to new material conditions?  A. cultural relativism B. culture lag C. culture shock D. cultural integration   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #17   18. (p. 3477) Large families are no longer economically necessary, nor are they commonly endorsed by social norms; but certain religious faiths continue to extol large families and to disapprove of using contraception to limit family size. This example illustrates  A. cultural resistance B. cultural integration C. cultural relativity. D. culture lag.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #18   19. (p. 377) Various religious groups and their followers are very upset about scientific advances in reproductive technology (e.g., birth control pills, abortion pills, in vitro fertilization, and genetic engineering). This conflict between religious values and new scientific concepts illustrates  A. cultural exclusion. B. cultural resistance. C. culture lag. D. cultural adaptation.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #19   20. (p. 378) The Marxist view of social change is appealing to some because it  A. is a means of eliminating social inequality. B. permits people to seize control of the historical process and gain their freedom from injustice. C. Both answers are true. D. Neither answer is true.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #20   21. (p. 378) What is the term Thorstein Veblen coined to describe people or groups who will suffer in the event of social change?  A. false consciousness. B. culture resisters. C. vested interests. D. nonmaterialists.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #21   22. (p. 378) If the United States Congress passed strict anticigarette laws that banned their sale anywhere in the country, it would create serious problems for cigarette manufacturers, retailers, tobacco growers, tobacco farm workers, truckers, and many other employees in the cigarette industry. Each of these groups would probably oppose this legislation because they are examples of  A. culture lag. B. nonmaterialists C. culture resisters. D. vested interests.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #22   23. (p. 378) Cultural information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires is called  A. socialization. B. innovation. C. technology. D. All of the answers are correct.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #23   24. (p. 379) Which of the following is the name for the group of Americans who most actively participate in the information society?  A. the omnivores B. the connectors C. the productivity enhancers D. the mobile centrics   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #24   25. (p. 379) Which group of Americans is most likely to be "off the net" of information society?  A. African Americans B. the poor C. the elderly D. children   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #25   26. (p. 380) What percentage of North Americans have access to the internet?  A. 76 B. 53 C. 20 D. 9   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #26   27. (p. 80) What percentage of Asians have access to the internet?  A. 76 B. 53 C. 20 D. 9   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #27   28. (p. 380) What percentage of Africans have access to the internet?  A. 76 B. 53 C. 20 D. 9   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #28   29. (p. 380) The virtual monopoly that Immanuel Wallerstein's core nations hold over information technology is known as  A. technology lag B. the digital divide C. cultural imperialism D. illegal monopolization   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #29   30. (p. 382) The 1986 Electronic Communications Privacy Act requires the authorization of a U.S. attorney general and then the approval of a federal judge before surveillance of which of the following may be made?  A. email B. faxes C. telephone calls D. telegraphs   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #30   31. (p. 382) Which of the following is NOT a concern that sociologists have about surveillance and censorship?  A. It violates our privacy. B. The most powerful groups in a society will use these techniques to weaken other groups. C. It will prevent terrorism. D. It will impact hiring and discipline decisions at schools and sites of employment.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #31   32. (p. 382) Sociologists view many aspects of biotechnology as an extension of the recent trend toward the __________ of society.  A. globalization B. industrialization C. medicalization D. modernization   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #32   33. (p. 383) Using technology to increase food production and to make agriculture more efficient and economical is called  A. genetically modified (GM) food. B. frankenfood. C. technoproduce. D. biotech supplements.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #33   34. (p. 383) The debate on genetic engineering intensified in 1997, when scientists in Scotland  A. cloned a sheep. B. grew tomatoes without soil. C. Both answers are true. D. Neither answer is true.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #34   35. (p. 383) Which of the following have scientists NOT yet cloned?  A. a pig B. a mouse C. a human D. a deer   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #35   36. (p. 383) Although genetic engineering has shown promise, it also raises _________ questions.  A. political and biological B. biological and ethical C. political and ethical D. political, biological and ethical   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #36   37. (p. 384) Which of the following is true about Luddites?  A. They were early adapters of technology. B. They were early resisters of technology. C. They were early creators of technology. D. They were early integrators of technology.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #37   38. (p. 35684) Which of the following is true about groups such as Luddites, French saboteurs, and the Amish?  A. They resist nearly all forms of technology. B. Their opposition to technology is irrational. C. They resist technology's ability to undercut familiar norms and values. D. They fear most forms of change.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #38   39. (p. 384) Which of the following is NOT true about Jacques Ellul's assessments of modern technological society?  A. He argues that they key factor to consider is technique rather than technology. B. He is concerned about our commitment to maximizing efficiency and productivity C. He argues that we need to focus more on measuring success in quantitative terms. D. He is concerned that we lost something human when that which cannot be measured is viewed as suspect.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #39   40. (p. 385) Which of the following is NOT an example of modern society's efforts to measure success quantitatively?  A. the Nielsen ratings for television shows B. the No Child Left Behind Act C. the Pulitzer Prize D. presidential elections   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #40   41. (p. 385) Neil Postman argues that unquestioning technological adoption  A. limits our freedoms. B. creates stronger links to other adopters of technology. C. shapes the technological system in which we live. D. creates unforeseen consequences.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #41   42. (p. 385) Which term refers to organized collective activities to bring about or resist fundamental change in an existing group or society?  A. social movements B. social groups C. power movements D. pressure groups   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #42   43. (p. 385) Which of the following would be an example of a social movement?  A. a group that organizes to protest the absence of a product from their local supermarket. B. people who organize for or against abortion rights C. a person who protests the firing of a teacher because of his or her homosexuality. D. All of the answers are correct.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #43   44. (p. 385) Which of the following is NOT an example of a social movement that has had a dramatic impact on the social structure of the United States?  A. abolitionism B. the Socialist Party C. the suffragists D. the civil rights movement   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #44   45. (p. 385) Which term refers to the conscious feeling of a negative discrepancy between legitimate expectations and present actualities?  A. relative deprivation B. relative scarcity C. resource deprivation D. resource scarcity   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #45   46. (p. 385-86) Which of the following illustrates relative deprivation?  A. a group of sweatshop workers who are incapable of buying adequate food for their families B. residents of a squatter settlement in Nigeria who are incapable of affording adequate housing and plumbing C. middle management workers in a corporation who are discontented because they cannot afford the luxury cars or expensive homes that their bosses have D. None of the answers is correct.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #46   47. (p. 385-86) Which term refers to the ways in which a social movement utilizes such resources as money, political influence, access to the media, and personnel?  A. relative allocation B. relative mobilization C. resource allocation D. resource mobilization   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #47   48. (p. 386) False consciousness is defined as  A. actions that do not reflect the objective position of workers. B. a state of euphoria when stability is achieved. C. attitudes that do not reflect the objective position of workers. D. a false sense of self that is drug-induced.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #48   49. (p. 386) A group of students is incorrectly labeled by the school system as "slow learners." Their teachers and parents have low expectations for them, and their academic progress is negligible. This situation would exemplify which one of Karl Marx's concepts?  A. class consciousness B. false consciousness C. dialectical change D. rise of the proletariat   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #49   50. (p. 387) In the 1960s and 1970s, women's liberation activists used ____________ to convince women that they were being deprived of their rights and of socially valued resources.  A. class consciousness groups B. false consciousness groups C. consciousness-raising groups D. deprivation awareness groups   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #50   51. (p. 387) Which of the following is true about women in current social movements?  A. They volunteer in smaller numbers than men do. B. They tend to hold leadership positions in larger numbers than men do. C. Both answers are correct. D. Neither answer is correct.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #51   52. (p. 3587) Before the 1960s, traditional social movements focused on  A. class consciousness. B. economic issues. C. discrimination. D. civil rights.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #52   53. (p. 387) Organized collective activities that address values and social identities as well as improvements in the quality of life are called  A. social movements. B. new social movements. C. new consciousness groups. D. resource mobilization groups.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #53   54. (p. 388) Which of the following is true about new social movement theory?  A. It emphasizes resource mobilization on a local level. B. It offers a global perspective on social and political activism. C. It emphasizes economic issues. D. It has its roots in social class, usually working-class, activism.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #54   55. (p. 388) Which one of the following is an example of a new social movement?  A. an environmental social movement that focuses on the interconnection of all the world's people and resources B. a local workers' protest against poor wages and working conditions C. a civil rights protest movement in a major American city D. All of the answers are correct.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #55   56. (p. 388) The June 2009 election in Iran demonstrated the power of new communication technologies by:  A. allowing people to coordinate campaign events online. B. allowing rallies to be organized without revealing their location until the last minute. C. allowing people to send stories, pictures, and video to the outside world, revealing the government's crackdown. D. All of the answers are correct.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #56   57. (p. 389) Recognizing the impact our individual position has on who we are and how we think and act, and taking responsibility for the impacts our actions have on others is known as  A. practical sociology. B. public sociology. C. personal sociology. D. applied sociology.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #57   58. (p. 390) ___________ involves bringing the insights gained through sociological observation and analysis into the public sphere, thereby seeking to bring about positive social change.  A. Practical sociology B. Public sociology C. Personal sociology D. Applied sociology   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #58   59. (p. 389) The text uses the example of Stephen Colbert to promote  A. the value of cynicism. B. the value of satire. C. not giving in to cynicism. D. not giving in to satire.   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #59   60. (p. 390) Sociology can help improve society by  A. diminishing our reliance on individualistic models. B. helping us to view the world from a variety of perspectives. C. affirming the significance of all forms of relationships in our lives. D. All of the answers are correct.   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #60   61. (p. 375) Sociology is useful for explaining social change at the macro level, but can contribute little to explaining change at the micro level.  FALSE   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #61   62. (p. 379) Most social theorists now accept that as societies evolve, they become more complex and more sophisticated.  FALSE   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #62   63. (p. 377) Differentiation is one of the four process of social change that Talcott Parsons viewed as inevitable. The relatively recent decision of medical schools to admit members of different social groups, such as women and African American, is a good example of differentiation in practice.  FALSE   Bloom's Level: application Witt - Chapter 15 #63   64. (p. 378) According to equilibrium theory, the natural state of society is one of stability and balance.  TRUE   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #64   65. (p. 378) In general, those in society who have access to the most power and wealth have a vested interest in preserving the status quo and opposing social change.  TRUE   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #65   66. (p. 384) The word sabotage derives from the practice of French workers attempting to destroy machines by throwing shoes into them.  TRUE   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #66   67. (p. 385) A person who experiences a sense of relative deprivation is making a subjective, rather than objective assessment of their situation.  TRUE   Bloom's Level: analysis Witt - Chapter 15 #67   68. (p. 385) A "technique-focused" system is one that prioritizes the quantitative measurement of success.  TRUE   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #68   69. (p. 387) On occasion, the publication of a single, influential text, such as Betty Frieden's The Feminist Mystique, is enough to produce a powerful social movement.  FALSE   Bloom's Level: Comprehension Witt - Chapter 15 #69   70. (p. 387) The term "new social movement" refers to a social movement that has yet to achieve widespread recognition or membership.  FALSE   Bloom's Level: Knowledge Witt - Chapter 15 #70   71. Compare the evolutionary theory of social change with the equilibrium model as proposed by Talcott Parsons. Evaluate the relative merits of the two approaches using real world examples of recent and significant social change.  Answers will vary.   Bloom's Level: analysis/evaluation Witt - Chapter 15 #71   72. Why have some groups historically resisted new technologies? How do Neil Postman's five questions about technology help us to understand and evaluate better the potential consequences of adopting new technologies?  Answers will vary.   Bloom's Level: analysis/evaluation Witt - Chapter 15 #72   73. What are the various elements that need to be in place if social movements are to succeed? Which of these is the most indispensible, in your view? Illustrate your answer with real world examples.  Answers will vary.   Bloom's Level: comprehension/evaluation Witt - Chapter 15 #73   74. Evaluate the positive and negative consequences of genetically modified food. What ethical concerns are raised by genetic manipulation?  Answers will vary.   Bloom's Level: evaluation Witt - Chapter 15 #74   75. What does it mean to say that "sociology is a verb"? Compare and contrast "personal" with "public" sociology as tools for bringing about social change.  Answers will vary.   Bloom's Level: evaluation/synthesis Witt - Chapter 15 #75   c15 Summary Category # of Questions Bloom's Level: analysis 1 Bloom's Level: analysis/evaluation 2 Bloom's Level: application 1 Bloom's Level: Comprehension 22 Bloom's Level: comprehension/evaluation 1 Bloom's Level: evaluation 1 Bloom's Level: evaluation/synthesis 1 Bloom's Level: Knowledge 46 Witt - Chapter 15 75 ÿ

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