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chloenlail chloenlail
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3 years ago
You're talking to a friend in a noisy restaurant. You have essentially tuned out the surroundings. Suddenly, you turn your head at the sound of your name. Which of the following is the best explanation for this phenomenon?
 
  a. Stimuli from the environment enter sensory memory whether or not we attend to the stimuli.
  b. Information enters working memory in the same form as it exists in the environment.
  c. Our attention must be captured before information enters sensory memory.
  d. Information must be meaningful before it can enter sensory memory.

Ques. 2

Research indicates that teachers' use of statements such as, Remember the last point. It is an important one, has a positive effect on learning. This research most closely relates to:
 
  a. attention.
  b. rehearsal.
  c. working memory.
  d. interference.

Ques. 3

Research indicates that calling on all the students in your classes equally and by name is an important factor in their learning. Using the human memory model as a basis, this strategy most closely relates to:
 
  a. attention.
  b. organization.
  c. elaboration.
  d. perception.

Ques. 4

Research indicates that teachers are more effective if they vary the tone, loudness, and pitch of the delivery during the course of a lesson. Using the model of human memory as a basis, the teachers' strategy most closely relates to:
 
  a. attention.
  b. perception.
  c. elaboration.
  d. organization.

Ques. 5

Research indicates that students write better-quality essays when they use computers than when they handwrite the essays, but only if they are skilled at using a computer. If they aren't skilled, the quality of their essays is lower than when they're handwritten. Using the human memory model as a basis, explain specifically why the quality of the essays is lower if students aren't skilled with using computers.
 
  What will be an ideal response?

Ques. 6

The fact that students organize the information they study in the form of schemas has important implications for teaching. Which of the following is the most important implication of this fact?
 
  a. Students should be presented with relationships among ideas as well as the ideas themselves.
  b. Students should be allowed the discover ideas on their own.
  c. Students should only be presented ideas that can be illustrated with concrete materials.
  d. Students should be encouraged to rehearse items in the same form they're presented.

Ques. 7

Mrs. Esser, upon seeing Kevin whispering to his neighbor, walks over to him and puts her finger to her lips, signaling Shhh. Kevin stops whispering. Focusing on Kevin's whispering, this incident best illustrates which of the following?
 
  a. Negative reinforcement
  b. Removal punishment
  c. Presentation punishment
  d. Positive reinforcement

Ques. 8

At Plains High School, students who are tardy to class are given Yard Patrol after school. Yard patrol amounts to cleaning up any trash found on the school grounds. The practice of having the students clean up the trash is best described as an attempt to apply which of the following concepts from behaviorism?
 
  a. Negative reinforcement
  b. Presentation punishment
  c. Satiation
  d. Discrimination

Ques. 9

A music student misinterprets the line names of the bass clef because of his understanding of the line names in the treble clef. According to the model of human memory, which of the following is the most likely reason why the misconception persists?
 
  a. The student's sensory memory is overwhelmed.
  b. The student is not motivated to learn music.
  c. The misconception is embedded in an existing schema.
  d. The information about the treble clef never became encoded into the learner's long-term memory.
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frizzygirlfrizzygirl
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Posts: 356
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3 years ago
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Answer to #1

a

Answer to #2

a

Answer to #3

a

Answer to #4

a

Answer to #5

If the students aren't skilled in working with computers, the process of using the computer takes too much working memory space, leaving too little to compose a quality essay. If computer skills are developed to the point of automaticity, more working memory space is left that can be devoted to the construction of the essay.

Answer to #6

a

Answer to #7

c

Answer to #8

b

Answer to #9

c
1

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