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Demi9192 Demi9192
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Posts: 359
Rep: 0 0
3 years ago
Mr. Jones, 42, is a hard worker and enjoys a reputation as an innovator in his company. However, he is rarely home, is nearly estranged from his wife, and as a result spends little time with his children, although he always encourages them to do well and tries to be a good model for them, so they will make it in life. He usually stops by the local hangout on the way home from work each day, for a little bracer before I face the music, he grins self-consciously. Of the following, the best description of his behavior would be an imperfect resolution of which crisis?
 
  a. Trust vs. mistrust
  b. Initiative vs. guilt
  c. Identity vs. confusion
  d. Intimacy vs. isolation

Ques. 2

Describe the concept of ethnic identity, and explain why it is important for members of cultural minorities.
 
  What will be an ideal response?

Ques. 3

Natasha has questions about her own ability and exhibits a lack of confidence with respect to her competence. Based on this information, which of the following psychosocial stages has she least likely resolved?
 
  a. Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
  b. Initiative vs. guilt
  c. Industry vs. inferiority
  d. Trust vs. mistrust

Ques. 4

Enjoyment of mastery and competence comes through success and recognition of accomplishments characterizes which stage of psychosocial development?
 
  a. Autonomy vs. shame and doubt
  b. Initiative vs. guilt
  c. Industry vs. inferiority
  d. Identity vs. confusion

Ques. 5

If their behavior fits patterns identified by research, the student most likely to develop hostile attributional bias is:
 
  a. Jerome.
  b. Alonzo.
  c. Morton.
  d. Kevin.

Ques. 6

Sandra and Robert are both fourth graders. If their math achievement fits typical patterns for boys and girls, which of the following is most likely?
 
  a. Sandra's achievement will be slightly higher now, but she will fall behind when they are in high school, particularly on tasks that require abstract reasoning.
  b. Sandra's achievement will be slightly higher than Robert's now, but they will be about even when they are in high school.
  c. Robert's achievement will be higher now, and the gap will be wider when they are in high school.
  d. Their achievement will be about even now, and it will remain about even through high school.

Ques. 7

Gender differences in the behavior of boys and girls in school are most pronounced in:
 
  a. reading.
  b. language arts.
  c. music and art.
  d. math and science.

Ques. 8

Explain and give an example of how language, social interaction, and culture interact in Vygotsky's sociocultural theory of development.
 
  What will be an ideal response?

Ques. 9

Of the following, which teacher is providing the least amount of scaffolding?
 
  a. Ms. Page takes her kindergarteners on a field trip to the zoo, and when they return, she asks them to describe some of the animals they saw.
  b. Mr. Evans demonstrates how to shoot a jump shot in basketball, and he then critiques his players' shooting techniques as they practice.
  c. Ms. Williams gives her students a set of questions to ask themselves as they work on word problems in math and then asks them to describe which step they are on as they solve word problems during seat work.
  d. Mrs. Reynolds gives her students a graphic organizer to use when they analyze a story.
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Answer verified by a subject expert
fengfeng
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Posts: 91
Rep: 1 0
3 years ago
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Answer to #1

d

Answer to #2

Ethnic identity refers to an individual's sense of belonging to an ethnic group, which is defined by one's cultural heritage, and includes attributes such as values, traditions, and language. Researchers believe that ethnic identity is particularly important for members of cultural minorities living in a heterogeneous society, because the identity may provide members with a sense of belonging and acceptance in societies where the majority group sometimes holds negative stereotypes about them. This sense of belonging helps diffuse the negative effects of social devaluation that members of minorities sometimes feel.

Answer to #3

c

Answer to #4

c

Answer to #5

c

Answer to #6

a

Answer to #7

d

Answer to #8

According to Vygotsky, development occurs as a direct result of social interaction that uses language to help developing individuals acquire the cognitive tools of their culture. The example of the Yu'pik people having 99 different concepts for ice, whereas, for the most part, mainstream Americans have only one or a very few, illustrates development in a cultural context.

Answer to #9

a
This verified answer contains over 350 words.

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