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Acids and Bases

1.   Explain what makes a solution acidic.

[See Attachment for Answer]

2.   Explain what makes a solution basic or alkaline.    

[See Attachment for Answer]
               
The pH Scale

3.   a.   Explain the pH scale. A measurement of a solution’s acidity and alkalinity based on the logarithmic concentration of hydrogen ions. The scale ranges from 0 to 14.

b.   Describe the pH range of body fluids as examined by the CD.

[See Attachment for Answer]

Strong Acids

4.   What are the functions of hydrochloric acid (a strong acid) in the body?    

[See Attachment for Answer]

Weak Acids

5.   a.   What is the function of carbonic acid (a weak acid) in the body?    

[See Attachment for Answer]

Buffers

6.   a. Describe a system buffered with carbonic acid.
         
b.   Describe the protective value of buffers.

[See Attachment for Answer]

Source Tortora, Derrickson: Principles of Anatomy and Physiology, 14th Edition
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