Top Posters
Since Sunday
4
4
2
k
1
j
1
J
1
s
1
1
a
1
1
m
1
New Topic  
cherimcd91 cherimcd91
wrote...
Posts: 95
Rep: 0 0
A month ago
Describe what takes place during the fundamental attribution error, the actor-observer bias, and the self-serving bias. Who is the object of attribution in each case? How are these attributional biases similar to and different from one another?
Textbook 

Psychology


Edition: 1st
Authors:
Read 10 times
1 Reply
Replies
Answer verified by a subject expert
jddkddk3jddkddk3
wrote...
Posts: 51
Rep: 0 0
A month ago
Sign in or Sign up in seconds to unlock everything for free
More questions for this book are available here
Answers will vary, but should contain the following for full credit:
Attribution refers to the process of assigning causality to behavior, and people interpret both their own behavior and the behavior of others. The fundamental attribution error occurs when observers (someone making the attribution) make a dispositional attribution about an actor's (the person doing the behavior) actions. In this regard the fundamental attribution error is other-directed; we seek to explain another person's behavior. The actor-observer bias can involve an explanation of our own behavior, but from two different vantage points. When we engage in the behavior, we make a situational attribution, but if someone else were to engage in the same behavior, we would make a dispositional attribution. In the case where there is an actor and observer at the same time, the actor (the person doing the behavior) would make an external attribution, assigning causality for their behavior to the effects of the situation. The observer watching the behavior, however, tends to attribute causality internally, to the effects of the actor's disposition. From the observer's perspective, the actor-observer effect is similar to the fundamental attribution error; in both cases an observer overestimates the dispositional causes of an actor's behavior. Finally, the self-serving bias involves attributions made by an actor for that same actor's behavior. Actors tend to make a dispositional attribution for their successes and a situational attribution for their failures. This paints the self in a positive light, as success is always due to internal factors (such as effort or ability) and failure is always due to external factors (such as luck or task difficulty).

This verified answer contains over 270 words.
1

Related Topics

wrote...
Posts: 95
Credits: 30

A month ago
Thanks
wrote...
Posts: 120
Credits: 125

Yesterday
This calls for a celebration Person Raising Both Hands in Celebration
wrote...
Posts: 123
Credits: 125

2 hours ago
This helped my grade so much Perfect
New Topic      
Explore
Post your homework questions and get free online help from our incredible volunteers
  369 People Browsing
 1000 Signed Up Today
Your Opinion
Which country would you like to visit for its food?
Votes: 62

Related Images
 142
 166
 126