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Deep Brar Deep Brar
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Define the psychoanalytic concept of defense mechanisms, and describe any three defense mechanisms identified by Freud.
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Psychology


Edition: 1st
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beccat99beccat99
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Answers may vary, but should contain the following for full credit: Defense mechanisms are employed by the ego to protect against feelings of anxiety that result when the ego is unable to restrain the sexual and aggressive impulses of the id. Several defense mechanisms were identified by Sigmund Freud: (Answers can contain any three of the following defense mechanisms)

Denial
Refusing to recognize or believe the reality of a situation
Displacement
Redirecting an unconscious and unacceptable wish or drive toward a more acceptable alternative
Projection
Attributing an unconsciously experienced impulse or feeling to someone else
Rationalization
The use of conscious reasoning to explain away anxiety-inducing thoughts and feelings
Reaction Formation
Changes an unacceptable desire by adopting the opposite stance
Regression
A retreat to an earlier stage of development, such as childhood or infancy, due to psychological stress
Repression
A process that blocks anxiety-provoking thoughts from the conscious mind
Sublimation
A form of displacement where unacceptable urges are redirected into more appropriate activities

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