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haleyr haleyr
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Summarize the basic principles of biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, and sociocultural views of psychological disorders. How do many of these principles become integrated in a biopsychosocial model?
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Psychology


Edition: 1st
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biocbioc
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There are many perspectives on psychological disorders, each with particular emphases. The biological approach looks at physical problems, such as brain abnormalities or neurotransmitter imbalances, as the root cause of disorders. The psychodynamic approach assigns primary importance to unconscious conflicts that lead to disordered behavior. The behavioral approach focuses on learning and patterns of reinforcement that may contribute to maintaining a maladaptive behavior. The cognitive approach emphasizes faulty beliefs, cognitions, perceptions, and interpretations as a root cause of psychological disorders. The sociocultural approach highlights the role of cultural customs, social systems, and social interactions in informing a diagnosis of disordered behavior. Each of these approaches may be provide a legitimate explanation for understanding disorders. Because of that, many mental health professionals adopt a biopsychosocial model of mental illness, recognizing the multifaceted contributions of biological, psychological, and social forces that contribute to psychological disorders.

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