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shahabkhon shahabkhon
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Compare and contrast scientific management with the Hawthorne effect.
Textbook 

Business in Action


Edition: 9th
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KimbletonKimbleton
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Frederick W. Taylor, a machinist and engineer from Philadelphia, studied employee efficiency and motivation in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. He is credited with developing scientific management, an approach that sought to improve employee efficiency through the scientific study of work. In addition to analyzing work and business processes in order to develop better methods, Taylor popularized financial incentives for good performance. 
Hawthorne effect refers to a supposed effect of organizational research, in which employees change their behavior because they are being studied and given special treatment. The validity of the effect is uncertain, and the Hawthorne studies were richer and more influential than this simple outcome would suggest.

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