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Anonymous Carolina Castillo2
wrote...
2 months ago
Select the structure that matches the function(s).

POSSIBLE ANSWERS: POSTERIOR PITUITARY / ANTERIOR PITITUARY / HYPOTHALAMUS

1. Produces ADH and oxytocin
Answer
 

2. Synthesizes and releases FSH, LH, and Prolactin
Answer
 

3. Releases a hormone that tells the adrenal cortex to release cortisol
Answer
 
 
4. Releases hormones produced in the hypothalamus
Answer
 
 
5. Releases the hormone required for growth of bones
Answer
 
 
6. Is connected to hypothalamus via blood vessels
Answer
 
 
7. Is connected to hypothalamus via neuro-secretory cells
Answer
 
 
8.  Releases TRH to stimulate the release of TSH to activate thyroxine production
Answer
 
 
9. Produces and secretes hormones that stimulate or inhibit the pituitary gland
Answer
 
 
10. Stores ADH and oxytocin




Functions of Various Hormones

Increases calcium levels in the blood
Lowers calcium levels in the blood
Stimulates contraction of the smooth muscles of the uterus and breasts
Increases metabolic rate and regulates growth and development
Lowers blood sugar levels by stimulating uptake of glucose by cells and conversion of glucose to glycogen in liver and muscles
Increases blood sugar levels by stimulating the conversion of glycogen to glucose

Record the number that matches the function of each hormone.   

Function:   Answer             Answer                    Answer                            Answer
Hormone:   Calcitonin   Thyroxine   Parathyroid Hormone        Glucagon







This gland is the link between the nervous and endocrine systems.

a.
hypothalamus

b.
thalamus

c.
pituitary

d.
thyroid
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3 Replies
Replies
wrote...
Staff Member
2 months ago
Functions of Various Hormones Increases calcium levels in the blood Lowers calcium levels in the blood Stimulates contraction of the smooth muscles of the uterus and breasts Increases metabolic rate and regulates growth and development Lowers blood sugar levels by stimulating uptake of glucose by cells and conversion of glucose to glycogen in liver and muscles Increases blood sugar levels by stimulating the conversion of glycogen to glucose

Calcitonin: Lowers calcium levels in the blood

Thyroxine: Increases metabolic rate and regulates growth and development

Parathyroid Hormone: Increases calcium levels in the blood

Glucagon: Increases blood sugar levels by stimulating the conversion of glycogen to glucose. It promote glycogenolysis (unlike insulin), which breakdown of glycogen. Thus raises concentration of glucose in the blood.

Cortisol: Raises blood glucose level in response to long-term stress

Aldosterone: Promotes the reabsorption of sodium by the kidneys to increase water reabsorption.

Epinephrine: Triggers fight-or-flight response for short-term stress.

Antidiuretic hormone: increases water reabsorption in the kidney tubules.

Antidiuretic hormone and aldosterone both help to increase water in blood thus increasing blood pressure. But in contrast to ADH (direct reabsorption of water through osmoregulation), aldosterone cases take up salt and in turn cases water reabsorption.

This gland is the link between the nervous and endocrine systems.

a.hypothalamus

b.thalamus

c.pituitary

d.thyroid

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Answer verified by a subject expert
AnonymousLangdon Smith
wrote...
2 months ago
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Anonymous Author
wrote...
A month ago
Thanks
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