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5 years ago
Explain the significance of color in a sculptor’s work.

2.   Explain how the work Samson Slaying a Philistine uses line, form, and mass to create its emotional effects.

3.   Using as your guide the concepts of line, form, and mass, and using terms like open and closed composition, compare Michelangelo’s David with the Greek kouros figure.

4.   Discuss the principles of High Renaissance sculpture as noted in the “A Question of Style” feature box, and explain how Michelangelo’s David represents them.

5.   Discuss the principles of Gothic style as noted in the “A Question of Style” feature box, and compare the two sets of sculptures from Chartres Cathedral and explain how they are representative of the style.


Multiple Choice and True or False Questions

6.   All sculpture is three-dimensional.
   a.   True
   b.   False
Textbook 

Perceiving the Arts: An Introduction to the Humanities


Edition: 10th
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lebron2000lebron2000
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5 years ago Edited: 2 years ago, bio_man
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More questions for this book are available here
1.   Explain the significance of color in a sculptor’s work.

-   Sometimes the sculpture itself will be chosen due to the color(s) of the art. Some sculptures depend on their color for their effect, for example: The sculptures of Duane Hanson are so lifelike that we often mistake them for real people.

2.   Explain how the work Samson Slaying a Philistine uses line, form, and mass to create its emotional effects.

-   Samson Slaying a Philistine by Bologna, had to take mass into consideration before sculpting this masterpiece with the sculpture being 209.9 cm tall, 76 cm wide, have a depth of 66 cm, and weigh 1160 kg. The volume and density of a sculpture is very important to the sculptor and the ones who view the art. Without using a line, we cannot see an artwork’s form; the form draws our interest in sculptures, and when we discuss lines we usually associate them with form. A sculpture’s element directs our eyes, like a focal point would. 

3.   Using as your guide the concepts of line, form, and mass, and using terms like open and closed composition, compare Michelangelo’s David with the Greek Kouros figure.

-   The sculpture of David by Michelangelo, is considered to be very famous. Its details and precise artwork draws more attention to the sculpture itself. David is much taller than the Greek Kouros sculpture, and the Greek sculpture isn’t as detailed as Michelangelo’s. Many elements seem to stand out in the David sculpture, whereas the Greek Kouros sculpture is very bland, in my opinion. Michelangelo seemed to incorporate more mass, line, and form, rather than the Greek statue did.

4.   Discuss the principles of High Renaissance sculpture as noted in the “A Question of Style” feature box, and explain how Michelangelo’s David represents them.

-   High Renaissance followed classical ideals and sought a universal ideal through impressive themes and styles. We call this time the High Renaissance because the term “high” when applied to artistic styles or movements signifies an advancement toward acme or fullest extent, specifically a late, fully developed, or most creative stage or period. Michelangelo believed that measurement and proportion should be kept “in the eyes.” This rationale for genius to do what it would, free from any pre-established “rules” enabled him to produce works such as David, a colossal figure and the earliest monumental sculpture of the High Renaissance. 

5.   Discuss the principles of Gothic style as noted in the “A Question of Style” feature box, and compare the two sets of sculptures from Chartres Cathedral and explain how they are representative of the style.

-   Gothic sculptures portray serenity, idealism, and simple lifelikeness. Gothic sculptures also reflect a human quality suggesting that life has value, and portrayals of Christ. The Chartres Cathedral sculptures do exactly this, yet they also emerge from the columns, each in its own space. Cloth drapes cover the bodies; Details remain somewhat formal and shallow, but we see the human figure beneath the fabric, in contrast to works that use fabric merely as a surface decoration such as the Indian bracket.


Fill in the Blanks

1.   Holes that appear in sculpture are called _negative space_.

2.   Composition that directs the eye back into the work is called _closed composition_.

3.   Composition that directs the eye outside the framework of the work is called _open composition_.

4.   The roughness or smoothness of a surface is called _texture_.

5.   The relative relationship of shapes to one another is called _proportion_.

6.   The three concepts that comprise repetition are _rhythm_, _harmony_, and _ variation_.

7.   A term that describes a sculpture’s ability to look like something it is not is _distinguishing the materials_.

8.   The concept that describes the joining of parts or the movement from one part to another in an artwork is called _articulation_.

9.   The surface of a sculpture cries out to be _touched_.

10.   The sculptor who made the mobile Spring Blossoms was _Alexander Calder_.

11.   The activity, or sense of movement, in a work of sculpture is called _dynamics_.

12.   A sculptor uses encirclement, converging lines, and color to catch our attention. Such aspects of a work of sculpture are called  focal_ areas.

13.   One of the sculptors who made the work The Gates was _Auguste Rodin_.

14.   The East Frieze of Halicarnassus best represents the kind of sculptural dimensionality called  relief_.
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