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Provide a general description of three of Alfred Binet's major contributions to developmental psychology.
  What will be an ideal response?

Question 2

The Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence uses ________ to screen infants for possible intellectual deficits.
  a. choice reaction-time tasks c. reasoning questions
  b. novelty problems d. question-response assessments

Question 3

What are the major ideas behind Jean Jacques Rousseau's view of development?
  What will be an ideal response?

Question 4

According to the ________ approach to intelligence, individual differences in choice reaction-time tasks may be related to intelligence, particularly g, general intelligence.
  a. cognitive c. information-processing
  b. psychometric d. educational

Question 5

What are the major ideas behind John Locke's view of development?
  What will be an ideal response?

Question 6

Rather than identifying the structures of mental ability, as the ________ did, ________ have focused on describing the mental processes necessary to accomplish different types of tasks.
  a. cognitive theorists; developmental theorists
  b. psychometricians; information-processing theorists
  c. information-processing theorists; psychometricians
  d. developmental theorists; cognitive theorists

Question 7

Briefly explain three events that significantly influenced the attitudinal shifts toward children that began in the sixteenth century.
  Indicate whether the statement is true or false

Question 8

Dr. Jensen subscribes to a theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence. She believes this theory represents interesting ways to conceptualize intelligence as comprised of
  a. both general and specific abilities. c. two specific abilities.
  b. two general abilities. d. just many specific abilities.
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Answer to q. 1

Alfred Binet demonstrated that the study of individual differences contributes to the understanding of human development. He provided the basis for more formal tests of children's mental abilities. He also helped to develop an instrument that could identify patterns in mental abilities that are unique to each child.

Answer to q. 2


Answer to q. 3

Jean Jacques Rousseau's view of development embraced the idea of the child as a noble savage, meaning that children are born with the propensity to act on impulses but not necessarily with the aim of wrongdoing. Rousseau emphasized the dynamic relationship between the curious and energetic child and the demands of his social environment as represented by adults. He believed that a major aspect of the process of development is the resolution of conflicts between the individual tendencies of the child and the needs of the larger society.

Answer to q. 4


Answer to q. 5

John Locke's view of development includes the concept of the child's mind as tabula rasa, a blank slate.. Locke argues that the associations the child forms between stimuli are key elements in the formation of the mind. He believed that early experiences and proper training are important, but child rearing and education should proceed through the use of reason rather than harsh discipline. Parents must find a balance between being overly indulgent and overly restrictive.

Answer to q. 6


Answer to q. 7


Answer to q. 8

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