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1.   The one great theme that dominates the course of Jewish religion is the theme of _________.

2.   What is the word most commonly used in the Hebrew Scriptures to refer to “null gods” or “non-gods?”

3.   The biblical Hebrews spoke _________ languages.


4.   When God told Moses to go free the Israelites, Moses asked how to respond when the people ask “What is his name?” God instructed Moses to use the name _________?

5.   Tradition holds that the __________ held the two tablets bearing the terms of the    covenant.

6.   After conquering Canaan, the Israelites fought with the _________ for generations and barely holding them off.

7.   The prophet ________ began the prophetic protest against degrading the ethical religion of Yahweh to a Canaanite nature religion.

8.   Amos saw social injustice and moral laxity as violations of the “__________” that Yahweh would surely punish.

Multiple Choice
9.   What happened when the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II came to power?
a.   The Israelites came under the protection of the Pharaoh.
b.   The Israelites were expelled from Egypt.
c.   The Israelites were hired to help build temples.
d.   The Israelites were made slaves.

10.   Why did the descendants of Abraham migrate from the Land of Canaan to Goshen?
a.   they were expelled by the Egyptians
b.   to escape famine
c.   to find El-Shaddai
d.   to merge with another Hebrew tribe

11.   Which of the following is NOT a translation of the word “Yahweh?”
a.   I am he that causes to be
b.   I am he the one true God
c.   I am that I am
d.   I will be what I want to be

12.   Members of which tribe were responsible for setting up the “tabernacle of the Lord” at each encampment?
a.   Abraham
b.   Israel
c.   Levi
d.   Moses

13.   Passover is a celebration of _________.
the escape from egypt
the handing down of the covenants
the Sabbath
the spring equinox

14.   According to tradition, how long did the Israelites wander in the wilderness?
a.   20 days
b.   20 years
c.   40 days
d.   40 years

15.   Moses led the Israelites through a transition from _________ to _________.
a.   animism, deism
b.   atheism, monotheism
c.   monotheism, polytheism
d.   polytheism, monotheism

16.   _________,successor of Moses, was the general who led the Israelites in the main attack on the land of Canaan.
Jebediah
Jeremiah
Joshua
Jericho

17.   Who finally built a temple to house the Ark of the Covenant?
a.   David
b.   Joshua
c.   Moses
d.   Solomon

18.   The Israelites struggled to remain true to the monotheistic Mosaic tradition while freely participating in baal worship. This is evidenced by the _________ associated with the baals being contained in the same shrine as the Ark of the Covenant.
a.   bull images
b.   golden calf
c.   monuments to fertility goddesses
d.   monuments to nature deities

19.   Why did the ten tribes of the northern region secede under the name Israel?
a.   religious persecution
b.   Solomon’s opulence and high taxes
c.   to establish a homeland for the Exodus Hebrews
d.   to establish a religious state

20.   The earliest Hebrew prophets came during the time of the __________.
a.   Book of Amos
b.   Book of Esther
c.   Book of Judges
d.   Book of Kings

21.   Amos was the first of the _________ prophets.
a.   ancient
b.   charismatic
c.   ecstatic
d.   literary

22.   Which two prophets prophesied the destruction of Jerusalem and its Temple?
a.   Ester, Deborah
b.   Hezekiah, Amos
c.   Isaac Abraham
d.   Micah, Jeremiah

23.   King _________ is credited with leading the Deuteronomic Reform.
a.   David
b.   Ezekial
c.   Josiah
d.   Saul

24.   The Deuteronomic Reform centralized all priestly functions, including sacrifice in _________.
a.   Babylonia
b.   Israel
c.   Jerusalem
d.   Judea

25.   According to __________, the Jews were chosen to serve as bearers of the light.
a.   Deutero-Isaiah
b.   Ezekial
c.   Moses
d.   Solomon

Chapter 14:  The Religious Development of Judaism

Fill in the blank

26.   _________ and _________were the leaders of the return to Jerusalem under the reign of Cyrus the Great.

27.   The first chapter of Genesis was derived from _________.

28.   After Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire, the land of Palestine was controlled by the __________.

29.   The political agenda of the Zealots was __________?

30.   The _________ is the dispersion of the Jews following the destruction of the Temple.

31.   According to tradition, during the third century BCE seventy scholars spent seventy days translating the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek. This collection is called the _________.

32.   The Talmud is _________.

33.   These two religions, _________ and _________, had a profound impact on the Jewish peoples at the beginning of the middle ages.


Multiple Choice

34.   When the exiled Jews returned to Jerusalem in 538 BCE, what was their first act?
a.   They elected a leader.
b.   They erected an altar on the site of the ruined Temple.
c.   They fell to their knees and gave thanks.
d.   They searched for and found the Ark of the Covenant.

35.   Scribes who developed a special talent for preaching came to be known as _________.
a.   orators
b.   priests
c.   rabbis
d.   singers

36.   Alexander the Great’s attitude toward the Jews could be described as _________.
a.   condescending
b.   dismissive
c.   respectful
d.   skeptical

37.   Antiochus Epiphanes used force to make the Jews worship which Greek god?
a.   Apollo
b.   Dionysus
c.   Mercury
d.   Zeus

38.   ___________ can be credited with saving Palestinian Judaism from the Syrians.
a.   Jonathan Maccabee
b.   Judah Maccabee
c.   Judea Maccabee
d.   Simon Maccabee

39.   What influence does the Wisdom literature show?
a.   Greek ideas
b.   Persian ideas
c.   Roman ideas
d.   Syrian ideas

40.   The Jewish belief in Satan likely came from the influence of __________ on Jewish thought.
a.   Christianity
b.   Islam
c.   the Greeks
d.   Zoroastrianism

41.   In the post-exilic period, divisions into parties occurred. To which group did the priest belong?
a.   The Hasidim
b.   The Messianists
c.   The Pharisees
d.   The Sadducees

42.   Which Roman emperor was in power during the Jewish rebellion of the first century?
a.   Augustus
b.   Caesar
c.   Claudius
d.   Nero

43.   During the Roman period, the Jews’ view of who would be subject to the final judgment evolved to finally include _________.
a.   all human souls
b.   children
c.   only jews
d.   righteous Gentiles

44.   What characterized the Essenes of the Roman Period?
a.   desire for home rule
b.   desire to be disassociated from politics
c.   desire to hold political positions in the Roman government
d.   desire to overthrow the Roman government

45.   The fall of Jerusalem in the Roman period left which of the main parties intact?
a.   Essenes
b.   Herodians
c.   Pharisees
d.   Zealots

46.   It is believed that this group placed what is now known as the Dead Sea Scrolls in caves near the Dead Sea.
a.   the Essenes
b.   the Herodians
c.   the Pharisees
d.   the Zealots

47.   Antagonism between Christians and Jews intensified after the conversion of the Emperor _________ in 312 CE.
a.   Augustus
b.   Constantine
c.   Hadrian
d.   Tiberius

48.   The Jews of Spain and southern Europe who fled to Turkey, Palestine, and Syria when they were expelled from Spain in 1492 acquired the name _________.
a.   Jabneh
b.   Karaites
c.   Maimonides
d.   Sephardim

49.   In a kosher household, separate plates must be kept for __________ and __________.
a.   dairy, fruit
b.   fruit, vegetable
c.   meat, dairy
d.   meat, grain

50.   Zionism refers to __________.
a.   a belief in the superiority of Jews
b.   a belief in the inferiority of Jews
c.   a movement dedicated to the establishment of a Jewish national homeland
d.   a movement dedicated to the destruction of Israel
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A week ago Edited: A week ago, bio_man
Be mindful that it's 1 question per topic, you have 50 here! I will answer a few, but be aware it's extremely hard to keep track with so many in one page. Our posting guidelines can be found here: https://biology-forums.com/index.php?action=help;page=guidelines

Some answers:

#3 -- Semitic

#6 -- Philistines

#44 -- ( b )

#48 -- D

#1 -- a single, righteous God is at work in the social and natural order

#2 -- elilim

#4 -- Yahweh

#5 -- Ark of the Covenant

#7 -- Elijah

#8 -- Covenant of Brotherhood
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9.   What happened when the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses II came to power?
a.   The Israelites came under the protection of the Pharaoh.
b.   The Israelites were expelled from Egypt.
c.   The Israelites were hired to help build temples.
d.   The Israelites were made slaves.

D

10.   Why did the descendants of Abraham migrate from the Land of Canaan to Goshen?
a.   they were expelled by the Egyptians
b.   to escape famine
c.   to find El-Shaddai
d.   to merge with another Hebrew tribe

A

11.   Which of the following is NOT a translation of the word “Yahweh?”
a.   I am he that causes to be
b.   I am he the one true God
c.   I am that I am
d.   I will be what I want to be

B

12.   Members of which tribe were responsible for setting up the “tabernacle of the Lord” at each encampment?
a.   Abraham
b.   Israel
c.   Levi
d.   Moses

C

13.   Passover is a celebration of _________.
the escape from egypt
the handing down of the covenants
the Sabbath
the spring equinox

A

14.   According to tradition, how long did the Israelites wander in the wilderness?
a.   20 days
b.   20 years
c.   40 days
d.   40 years

D

15.   Moses led the Israelites through a transition from _________ to _________.
a.   animism, deism
b.   atheism, monotheism
c.   monotheism, polytheism
d.   polytheism, monotheism

D

16.   _________,successor of Moses, was the general who led the Israelites in the main attack on the land of Canaan.
Jebediah
Jeremiah
Joshua
Jericho

C

17.   Who finally built a temple to house the Ark of the Covenant?
a.   David
b.   Joshua
c.   Moses
d.   Solomon

D

18.   The Israelites struggled to remain true to the monotheistic Mosaic tradition while freely participating in baal worship. This is evidenced by the _________ associated with the baals being contained in the same shrine as the Ark of the Covenant.
a.   bull images
b.   golden calf
c.   monuments to fertility goddesses
d.   monuments to nature deities

A

19.   Why did the ten tribes of the northern region secede under the name Israel?
a.   religious persecution
b.   Solomon’s opulence and high taxes
c.   to establish a homeland for the Exodus Hebrews
d.   to establish a religious state

B

20.   The earliest Hebrew prophets came during the time of the __________.
a.   Book of Amos
b.   Book of Esther
c.   Book of Judges
d.   Book of Kings

C

21.   Amos was the first of the _________ prophets.
a.   ancient
b.   charismatic
c.   ecstatic
d.   literary

D

22.   Which two prophets prophesied the destruction of Jerusalem and its Temple?
a.   Ester, Deborah
b.   Hezekiah, Amos
c.   Isaac Abraham
d.   Micah, Jeremiah

D

23.   King _________ is credited with leading the Deuteronomic Reform.
a.   David
b.   Ezekial
c.   Josiah
d.   Saul

C

24.   The Deuteronomic Reform centralized all priestly functions, including sacrifice in _________.
a.   Babylonia
b.   Israel
c.   Jerusalem
d.   Judea

25.   According to __________, the Jews were chosen to serve as bearers of the light.
a.   Deutero-Isaiah
b.   Ezekial
c.   Moses
d.   Solomon

C

Chapter 14:  The Religious Development of Judaism

Fill in the blank

26.   _________ and _________were the leaders of the return to Jerusalem under the reign of Cyrus the Great.

Zerubbabel, Joshua

27.   The first chapter of Genesis was derived from _________.

the priestly code

28.   After Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire, the land of Palestine was controlled by the __________.

Greeks

29.   The political agenda of the Zealots was __________?

rebellion against Rome

30.   The _________ is the dispersion of the Jews following the destruction of the Temple.

Diaspora

31.   According to tradition, during the third century BCE seventy scholars spent seventy days translating the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek. This collection is called the _________.

Septuagint

32.   The Talmud is _________.

a collection of learned commentaries on the Jewish scriptures

33.   These two religions, _________ and _________, had a profound impact on the Jewish peoples at the beginning of the middle ages.

Christianity, Islam

Multiple Choice

34.   When the exiled Jews returned to Jerusalem in 538 BCE, what was their first act?
a.   They elected a leader.
b.   They erected an altar on the site of the ruined Temple.
c.   They fell to their knees and gave thanks.
d.   They searched for and found the Ark of the Covenant.

B

35.   Scribes who developed a special talent for preaching came to be known as _________.
a.   orators
b.   priests
c.   rabbis
d.   singers

C

36.   Alexander the Great’s attitude toward the Jews could be described as _________.
a.   condescending
b.   dismissive
c.   respectful
d.   skeptical

C

37.   Antiochus Epiphanes used force to make the Jews worship which Greek god?
a.   Apollo
b.   Dionysus
c.   Mercury
d.   Zeus

D

38.   ___________ can be credited with saving Palestinian Judaism from the Syrians.
a.   Jonathan Maccabee
b.   Judah Maccabee
c.   Judea Maccabee
d.   Simon Maccabee

B

39.   What influence does the Wisdom literature show?
a.   Greek ideas
b.   Persian ideas
c.   Roman ideas
d.   Syrian ideas

A

40.   The Jewish belief in Satan likely came from the influence of __________ on Jewish thought.
a.   Christianity
b.   Islam
c.   the Greeks
d.   Zoroastrianism

D

41.   In the post-exilic period, divisions into parties occurred. To which group did the priest belong?
a.   The Hasidim
b.   The Messianists
c.   The Pharisees
d.   The Sadducees

D

42.   Which Roman emperor was in power during the Jewish rebellion of the first century?
a.   Augustus
b.   Caesar
c.   Claudius
d.   Nero

D

43.   During the Roman period, the Jews’ view of who would be subject to the final judgment evolved to finally include _________.
a.   all human souls
b.   children
c.   only jews
d.   righteous Gentiles

A

45.   The fall of Jerusalem in the Roman period left which of the main parties intact?
a.   Essenes
b.   Herodians
c.   Pharisees
d.   Zealots

C

46.   It is believed that this group placed what is now known as the Dead Sea Scrolls in caves near the Dead Sea.
a.   the Essenes
b.   the Herodians
c.   the Pharisees
d.   the Zealots

A

47.   Antagonism between Christians and Jews intensified after the conversion of the Emperor _________ in 312 CE.
a.   Augustus
b.   Constantine
c.   Hadrian
d.   Tiberius

B

49.   In a kosher household, separate plates must be kept for __________ and __________.
a.   dairy, fruit
b.   fruit, vegetable
c.   meat, dairy
d.   meat, grain

C

50.   Zionism refers to __________.
a.   a belief in the superiority of Jews
b.   a belief in the inferiority of Jews
c.   a movement dedicated to the establishment of a Jewish national homeland
d.   a movement dedicated to the destruction of Israel

C
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