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alexandra35 alexandra35
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8 years ago
who was john collier what did he want and what did he accomplish???
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2 months ago
John Collier (May 4, 1884–May 8, 1968) was an American social reformer and Native American advocate. He served as Commissioner for the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the President Franklin D. Roosevelt administration, from 1933 to 1945. Collier championed Native American concerns and advocated legislation under the New Deal banner to alleviate their suffering. He held the commissionership of Indian affairs for twelve years, the longest reign in that division’s history. During his tenure, a new concept of self-government emerged that delineated the federal government’s approach to American Indian policy and forever changed the way Native Americans defined themselves.

A reformer of federal policy toward Native Americans, Collier urged federal credit for reservations, accepted Native religious independence, endorsed the Indian Oil Act of 1927, wrote essays for American Indian Life, and emphasized the necessity for conserving tribal resources.

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