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5 months ago
Write a short note on the tasks of the European Commission and the Council of Ministers.
Business and Its Environment
Edition: 7th
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The European Commission is the executive and administrative body of the European Union. The Commission administers EU policies and enforces the various treaties. It is responsible for monitoring the implementation of EU legislation and ensuring that the member states comply with EU law. The Commission is responsible for trade negotiations and manages the EU budget. The Commission is the only body with the power to initiate legislation. The European Parliament and the Council of Ministers, however, can ask the Commission to review proposals and consider issues. The European Commission's role in initiating legislation and administering policies makes it a target for lobbying. Moreover, the Commission is obligated to consult with interest groups and to notify the Council of Ministers and the parliament that it has done so.
The Council of Ministers is the principal legislative body of the European Union. In contrast to the Commission, whose members are obliged to serve the European Union, Council members are the individual member states. The Council consists of one minister from each state, but the nations have different voting weights based on population, with Germany having
16.5 percent of the population and the vote and Luxembourg and Malta having 0.1 percent. The presidency of the Council rotates among the member states every 6 months, and which ministers belong to the Council depends on the issue under consideration. On an issue involving economics and finance, the cognizant ministers of the member states meet as the Economic and Financial Affairs Council (ECOFIN). Twice a year, the heads of state or government of the member states meet as the European Council, which sets the general direction for the European Union. The President of the European Council serves for 2 1/2 years and has largely administrative responsibilities and represents the EU externally.
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