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In order to justify the use of unobtrusive measures in a study, a researcher must show that

In order to justify the use of unobtrusive measures in a study, a researcher must show that A) the participants have waived their rights. B) nondeceptive measures would not work. C) the research is of potential benefit to humanity.

Which of the following does NOT increase error variance?

Which of the following does NOT increase error variance? A) random factors B) individual differences C) experimenter error D) systematic effects of the independent variable

Case-study research is of a higher level of constraint than naturalistic observation because

Case-study research is of a higher level of constraint than naturalistic observation because A) humans rather than animals are being studied. B) the researcher intervenes with the participant's functioning. C) case-study research

In a study of the relationship between scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and academic pe

In a study of the relationship between scores on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and academic performance, a researcher should begin at the A) correlational level. B) experimental level. C) differential level. D) case-study me

Of the following, which is NOT an example of naturalistic research?

Of the following, which is NOT an example of naturalistic research? A) Charles Darwin's work on natural selection B) Jane Goodall's work on chimpanzees C) Sigmund Freud's clinical work D) Rosenhan's study of me

Suppose a psychoanalyst studies enuretic children seen in her private practice. She observed that ea

Suppose a psychoanalyst studies enuretic children seen in her private practice. She observed that each child suffers from Oedipal conflicts and thus concluded that all enuretic children suffer from such conflicts. This conclusion illustrates a proble

What characteristics or mathematical properties would the variable "gender of the participant" posse

What characteristics or mathematical properties would the variable "gender of the participant" possess? A) identity only B) identity and magnitude C) magnitude only D) identity, magnitude, equal interval, and a true zero

Those events that have an actual effect on the behavior of the participant are called

Those events that have an actual effect on the behavior of the participant are called A) organismic variables. B) response variables. C) dependent variables. D) stimulus variables.

Which type of influence is involved in the testing of explicit propositions in a step-by-step resear

Which type of influence is involved in the testing of explicit propositions in a step-by-step research program? A) propaedeutic influence B) systematic influence C) pedagogic influence D) heuristic influence

Being able to eliminate many extraneous variables is a major advantage of

Being able to eliminate many extraneous variables is a major advantage of A) naturalistic research. B) case-study research. C) both naturalistic and case-study research. D) experimental research.

How do you calculate cell viability with a cell countess?

You wish to set up a multi-well cell culture experiment and begin by trypsining a T75 flask of adherent cells with 2ml of trypsin. After adding 3ml of media to this and transferring the suspension to a sterile tube, you carry out a cell count. To che

When dependent variables are well matched with the real number system,

When dependent variables are well matched with the real number system, A) more powerful statistical tests can be used to analyze the data. B) less powerful statistical tests must be used to analyze the data. C) statistical tests become

Obtaining "nose prints" on glass in an art exhibit was a clever and ________ way to measure ________

Obtaining "nose prints" on glass in an art exhibit was a clever and ________ way to measure ________. A) obtrusive; interest in art B) unobtrusive; interest in art C) archival; patrons' height D) unobtrusive; patron

Error variance is another name for A) systematic between-groups variance. B) experimental variance. C) nonsystematic within-groups variance. D) extraneous variance.

A theoretical approach to flying would involve A) imitating bird behavior. B) using existing knowledge and ideas. C) risk-taking behavior. D) the use of tenacity.

Replication of research is made possible chiefly by

Replication of research is made possible chiefly by A) research grants. B) the researcher's fervor. C) good operational definitions of the variables. D) sophisticated statistical procedures.

The statement that there is no statistically significant difference between two population variances

The statement that there is no statistically significant difference between two population variances exemplifies a(n) A) no-difference hypothesis. B) null hypothesis. C) no-difference theorem. D) alternative hypothesis.

Statistical procedures help to provide objectivity in the

Statistical procedures help to provide objectivity in the A) interpretation of data. B) measurement process. C) observation process. D) observation process and interpretation of data.

Which measure of variability COULD remain unchanged if one score in the sample decreased by 10 point

Which measure of variability COULD remain unchanged if one score in the sample decreased by 10 points? A) range B) variance C) standard deviation D) All of these measures would always change if one score were changed.

Which of the following represents data arranged on an ordinal scale of measurement?

Which of the following represents data arranged on an ordinal scale of measurement? A) ranking of color preferences in a human factors engineering study B) total number of calories consumed on a weight reduction program C) scores on an

Control by preparation of laboratory setting primarily helps reduce threats to

Control by preparation of laboratory setting primarily helps reduce threats to A) external validity. B) internal validity. C) construct validity. D) setting validity.

By mapping the relationships between brain functioning and behavior, the neuropsychologist is essent

By mapping the relationships between brain functioning and behavior, the neuropsychologist is essentially employing A) unethical research. B) experimental research. C) correlational research. D) naturalistic research.

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an

Carrying out a survey by interviewing the first 100 people coming out of a movie theater would be an example of A) a status survey. B) nonprobability sampling. C) probability sampling. D) simple random sampling.

A researcher conducts a study comparing class grades and age in one classroom. While the majority of

A researcher conducts a study comparing class grades and age in one classroom. While the majority of the class is 19-22 years old, there are three students in their 40s. In this case, the most reasonable measure of central tendency would be the

If a frequency polygon showed a distinctive bunching of scores near the bottom of the scale with few

If a frequency polygon showed a distinctive bunching of scores near the bottom of the scale with few scores in the middle and upper parts of a scale, we would say that the data were A) normally distributed. B) positively skewed. C) neg

In an ABA reversal design, the term "reversal" refers to

In an ABA reversal design, the term "reversal" refers to A) the sequential reversal of levels of treatment. B) reversing the order of presentation of stimuli. C) controlling for sequence effects. D) switching the indepen

Factorial designs A) include no more than one research hypothesis. B) cannot test participants across more than one condition. C) are ineffective when matched participants are included. D) contain more than one null hypothesis.

The single-group, pretest-posttest design, although it is considered a(n) ________ design, is a(n) _

The single-group, pretest-posttest design, although it is considered a(n) ________ design, is a(n) ________ design. A) within-subjects; nonexperimental B) between-subjects; nonexperimental C) within-subjects; experimental D) low-c