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2 weeks ago
Explain briefly the rationale behind the launch of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in 1966. What was the aftermath of the revolution?
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Business and Its Environment
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Mao's alliesnotably his wife Jiang Qing and army chief Lin Biaoinsisted that China's problems were the result of insufficient dedication to the CCP's revolutionary principles. Mao's gambit to reassert power combined this message with his still considerable populist appeal in launching the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution in 1966. Mao and Lin organized thousands of Red Guard units, consisting largely of fanatical students who were directed to purge their jurisdictions of the four oldsold ideas, old customs, old cultures, and old habits. Their campaigns destroyed many of China's most valuable cultural artifacts and degenerated into destructive excess and mob rule in the name of Mao. Finally, in 1967, the army stepped in to control the chaos, often by imposing martial law. The Cultural Revolution had decimated much of the party's organization, especially at the provincial and lower levels. It had also elevated the army's status within the party hierarchy.
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