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Posts: 12
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5 years ago
1.   Oxygen transport in the blood:
      _______% is bound to hemoglobin
      _______% dissolves in plasma
   2.   The hemoglobin molecule is composed of ____ polypeptide chains and ____ heme groups containing iron.
      What does oxygen bind to? ______________
   3.   After one oxygen molecule (O2) binds to hemoglobin, it is easier for the other molecules to bind to the hemoglobin. This is known as _________________________.
   4.   When oxygen is loaded onto hemoglobin in the lungs, hemoglobin is called _________________________, and when oxygen is unloaded from the hemoglobin at the tissues, it is called _________________________.
   5.   From the oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve, we see the following:
Lungs:    Partial pressure of oxygen is ____ mmHg
      Hemoglobin is ____% saturated
Tissues:   Partial pressure of oxygen is ___ mmHg
      Hemoglobin is ____% saturated
   6.   Effect of high altitude on lung PO2:
      With a decrease of 20 mmHg in the lungs, will the saturation of hemoglobin decrease significantly? ______________
   7.   Effect of exercise on tissue PO2:
      With a decrease of 20 mmHg in the tissues, will the saturation of hemoglobin decrease significantly? ______________.
      How does this help the tissues? _________________________.
   8.   Name the other factors that alter PO2: _________________________
      During exercise, would an increase (­) or decrease (¯) in these factors decrease PO2 hemoglobin saturation, making more O2 available to the tissues?
____   _________
____   _________
____   _________
____   _________
      These factors would shift the oxygen-hemoglobin curve to the _________.
   9.   List the percentages for CO2 transport in the blood:
      ____% dissolved in plasma
      ____% combined with hemoglobin
      ____% converted to bicarbonate ions
      When CO2 binds to hemoglobin, it is called _________________________.
   10.   CO2 transport as bicarbonate ions:
      CO2 binds with water to form ______________ acid.
      The catalyst for this reaction is ______________ ______________ .
      The acid mentioned above then dissociates into ______________ ions and ______________ ions.
      When bicarbonate ions move out of the red blood cell, ______________ ions move in.
      This is known as the ______________ shift.
      The reaction occurs in the opposite direction at the lungs so that CO2 can be released.
   11.   A decrease in hemoglobin O2 leads to an increase in CO2 loading. Said another way, O2 loading facilitates CO2 unloading. (Note: The effect is on CO2 loading and unloading.)
      This is known as the ______________ effect.
   12.   A decrease in CO2 loading facilitates O2 unloading from hemoglobin. Said another way, CO2 loading facilitates O2 unloading. (Note: The effect is on O2 loading and unloading.)
      This is known as the ______________ effect.

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wrote...
4 years ago
OMG this too Undecided Please I need it!
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Posts: 12
Credits: 25
Rep: 3 0
4 years ago
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1.   Oxygen transport in the blood:
      __98____% is bound to hemoglobin
      __2___% dissolves in plasma
   2.   The hemoglobin molecule is composed of _4__ polypeptide chains and _4__ heme groups containing iron.
      What does oxygen bind to? ____Fe2+________
   3.   After one oxygen molecule (O2) binds to hemoglobin, it is easier for the other molecules to bind to the hemoglobin. This is known as ___ cooperating bonding__.
   4.   When oxygen is loaded onto hemoglobin in the lungs, hemoglobin is called _____oxyhemoglobin____, and when oxygen is unloaded from the hemoglobin at the tissues, it is called __de-oxyhemoglobin______.
   5.   From the oxygen-hemoglobin dissociation curve, we see the following:
Lungs:    Partial pressure of oxygen is _100__ mmHg
      Hemoglobin is _98___% saturated
Tissues:   Partial pressure of oxygen is _40_ mmHg
      Hemoglobin is _75_% saturated
   6.   Effect of high altitude on lung PO2:
      With a decrease of 20 mmHg in the lungs, will the saturation of hemoglobin decrease significantly? ___decreases significantly_______
   7.   Effect of exercise on tissue PO2:
      With a decrease of 20 mmHg in the tissues, will the saturation of hemoglobin decrease significantly? ___no_______.
      How does this help the tissues? __move oxygen to the muscles____________.
   8.   Name the other factors that alter PO2: _____temp, pH,BPG, PCO2____________________
      During exercise, would an increase (­) or decrease (¯) in these factors decrease PO2 hemoglobin saturation, making more O2 available to the tissues?
_Increases temp__
_Decreases pH___
_Increases PCO2___
_Decreases BPG___
      These factors would shift the oxygen-hemoglobin curve to the _right______.
   9.   List the percentages for CO2 transport in the blood:
      __7_% dissolved in plasma
      __20__% combined with hemoglobin
      __70__% converted to bicarbonate ions
      When CO2 binds to hemoglobin, it is called ______ Carboxyhemoglobin__.
   10.   CO2 transport as bicarbonate ions:
      CO2 binds with water to form ___Carbonic ___ acid.
      The catalyst for this reaction is ____Carbonic anhydrase_______ .
      The acid mentioned above then dissociates into _____H+_________ ions and ___HCO3_______ ions.
      When bicarbonate ions move out of the red blood cell, ____CL-______ ions move in.
      This is known as the ___Chloride _____ shift.
      The reaction occurs in the opposite direction at the lungs so that CO2 can be released.
   11.   A decrease in hemoglobin O2 leads to an increase in CO2 loading. Said another way, O2 loading facilitates CO2 unloading. (Note: The effect is on CO2 loading and unloading.)
      This is known as the ____Haldane_____ effect.
   12.   A decrease in CO2 loading facilitates O2 unloading from hemoglobin. Said another way, CO2 loading facilitates O2 unloading. (Note: The effect is on O2 loading and unloading.)
      This is known as the __Bohr_______ effect.

wrote...
4 years ago
THANK YOU!!!!
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