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2 years ago
Discuss stress and the types of stress. Describe the potential sources of stress.
Textbook 

Organizational Behavior

Edition: 14th
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Stress is a dynamic condition in which an individual is confronted with an opportunity, constraint, or demand related to what he or she desires and for which the outcome is perceived to be both uncertain and important.

Stress is not necessarily bad in and of itself. Although stress is typically discussed in a negative context, it also has a positive value. It's an opportunity when it offers potential gain. In short, some stress can be good, and some can be bad. Recently, researchers have argued that challenge stressorsor stressors associated with work load, pressure to complete tasks, and time urgencyoperates quite differently from hindrance stressorsor stressors that keep you from reaching your goals (red tape, office politics, confusion over job responsibilities). Although research on challenge and hindrance stress is just starting to accumulate, early evidence suggests that challenge stressors are less harmful (produce less strain) than hindrance stressors.

More typically, stress is associated with demands and resources. Demands are responsibilities, pressures, obligations, and even uncertainties that individuals face in the workplace. Resources are things within an individual's control that can be used to resolve the demands. This demands-resources model has received increasing support in the literature.

There are three categories of potential stressors: environmental, organizational, and personal.
a)   Environmental sources of stress include economic uncertainty, political uncertainty, and technological uncertainty.
b)   Organizational sources of stress include: task demands, role demands, interpersonal demands, organizational structure, organizational leadership, and an organization's life cycle.
c)   Personal factors include family problems, financial problems, and personality.
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