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JavierSand JavierSand
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4 years ago
Using Pavlov's classical conditioning terms, explain how test anxiety develops. Develop your explanation using an example of an individual learner. Use that learner's experiences to illustrate neutral stimulus, unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus, and conditioned response.

Extended thinking: Apply the concept of generalization to classical conditioning. Expand on your example by illustrating how the learner's test anxiety might generalize beyond the original stimuli.
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princiPALprinciPAL
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4 years ago
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According to Pavlov's theory, test anxiety develops in the following way: the test begins as a neutral stimulus that had been paired with an unconditioned stimulus–perhaps a humiliating or embarrassing feeling created by a failing grade–that produces anxiety. If the unconditioned stimulus is paired enough times with a test, the test becomes the conditioned stimulus that elicits anxiety, even when the unconditioned stimulus is absent.
Test anxiety developed in 6th grade math class may appear in other situations. A situation that involves stimuli similar to those that evoke test anxiety, will elicit a similar response, through generalization. Thus, other math classes, other objective tests, or other assessments of performance could effect generalization.
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