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DeMonic DeMonic
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2 years ago
Mattie is the four-year-old daughter of Nicole, a single mom living in poverty in an urban community. When Mattie enrolled in preschool, she didn't talk to the teacher or the other children. At snack time, she used two words to ask for more. When her mom filled out the enrollment form, she checked boxes indicating that Mattie has no books, watches TV a lot, and doesn't play with other children. As the teacher, you are prepared to give the mom activities to do at home to help Mattie develop the emergent literacy skills needed for reading.

Describe Mattie's current state of language development.

Explain at least five activities you recommend to Mattie's mother and describe how each activity helps with inside-out and/or outside-in (code and oral language) skill development.
Textbook 

Educational Psychology


Edition: 13th
Author:
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X3r0XX3r0X
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Posts: 211
2 years ago
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Mattie is behind her peers in the development of emergent literacy skills. At the age of four, a child would be expected to have an expressive vocabulary of about 1,500 words and make sentences using 4-5 words at a time. Mattie should be able to tell a story using a book or picture. She should be playing with other children and show the ability to interact.
I would instruct Nicole, Mattie's mom, to do the following activities regularly.
Outside-in skill development activities:
•   Borrow books from the school and from the library on a regular basis. (Guide her to choose simple books with illustrations and minimal text at first.) Read a book with Mattie every day. Show Mattie the words on the page and help her understand that we read words from left to right. We start at the front and read one page at a time. Get Mattie involved in turning the pages. This activity builds outside-in skills of the conventions of print.
•   Get Mattie involved in describing the pictures as you read with her. Model for her. Describe a person or object using one or two adjectives. Help Mattie use words to name and describe. This builds outside-in skills of language and narrative.
•   Guide Mattie to tell what happened at school each day. Write a short sentence about school and read the sentence with her. Guide her to point to the words and read the sentence. Encourage her to draw a picture to illustrate the school day. This outside-in activity helps Mattie develop emergent reading.
Inside-out skill development activities:
•   Purchase or make a set of letters of the alphabet. Begin teaching Mattie the letters of the alphabet. You might try teaching a new letter every week. This builds inside-out skills of recognizing letters.
•   Teach Mattie the letters in her name. Help Mattie learn to say the name of the letter and draw it with a crayon and with a pencil. Help her write her name after she learns the letters in her name. Then help her sound out her name. This activity builds inside-out skills of recognizing letters as codes that represent sounds and words. It develops letter-sound knowledge and emergent writing.
•   As you read with Mattie, point out familiar letters in words. This inside-out activity also develops letter recognition.
•   Choose books that use rhyming words and engage in word fun with rhyming. This activity builds phonological awareness.
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