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Which of the following statements is correct about experiments?
Which of the following statements is correct about experiments?
Which of the following statements is correct about experiments?
A) Random assignment of participants to conditions is more important than random selection of participants.
B) Random assignment of participants to conditions is less important than random selection of participants.
C) Random assignment of participants and random selection of participants are equally impo
Referencing Help   Cremeux   303   2   3 years ago
A population is (Multiple Choice Question)
A population is (Multiple Choice Question)
A population is
A) the smallest number of events that are representative of the larger group.
B) the larger group to which the researcher has access.
C) the smaller number of events drawn from the larger group.
D) the larger group of all events of interest from which a sample is selected.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   254   2   3 years ago
The double-blind control procedure is difficult to conduct in research that is purely psychological
The double-blind control procedure is difficult to conduct in research that is purely psychological
The double-blind control procedure is difficult to conduct in research that is purely psychological in nature primarily because
A) it is difficult to create experimentally adequate and believable placebo manipulations.
B) it is difficult to train assistants to be blind to participant assignment.
C) it is difficult to obtain participants for these designs.
D) thes
Referencing Help   Cremeux   375   2   3 years ago
The double-blind control procedure is often used in what type of studies?
The double-blind control procedure is often used in what type of studies?
The double-blind control procedure is often used in what type of studies?
A) behavioral studies of weight management
B) studies on autistic children
C) drug studies
D) studies concerned with effects of loss of eyesight
Referencing Help   Cremeux   245   2   3 years ago
Failing to reject the null hypothesis when in fact it is false results in a
Failing to reject the null hypothesis when in fact it is false results in a
Failing to reject the null hypothesis when in fact it is false results in a
A) Type I error.
B) high alpha level.
C) low alpha level.
D) Type II error.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   171   2   3 years ago
The median is the (Multiple Choice Question)
The median is the (Multiple Choice Question)
The median is the
A) most frequently occurring score.
B) average score.
C) middle score.
D) highest score.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   244   2   3 years ago
Charles Darwin's famous treatise on natural selection is entitled
Charles Darwin's famous treatise on natural selection is entitled
Charles Darwin's famous treatise on natural selection is entitled
A) The Ascent to Man.
B) De rerum naturae (On the Nature of Things).
C) On the Origin of Species.
D) Voyage of Galapagos.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   183   2   3 years ago
Theoretical thinking (Multiple Choice Question)
Theoretical thinking (Multiple Choice Question)
Theoretical thinking
A) is the best way to obtain truth.
B) always involves the use of complex constructs and statistical concepts.
C) is a tool to help us understand the world.
D) always depends on the data available.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   297   2   3 years ago
A good theory is based on
A good theory is based on
A good theory is based on
A) a hunch.
B) solid empirical evidence.
C) syllogistic reasoning.
D) loose association of ideas.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   177   2   3 years ago
A formalized set of concepts that organizes observations and helps predict and explain phenomena is
A formalized set of concepts that organizes observations and helps predict and explain phenomena is
A formalized set of concepts that organizes observations and helps predict and explain phenomena is termed
A) a maxim.
B) an axiom.
C) a hypothesis.
D) a theory.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   268   2   3 years ago
The essence of science is
The essence of science is
The essence of science is
A) its commitment to separation of church and state.
B) its high ideals.
C) its process of systematic thinking.
D) the development of maxims.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   192   2   3 years ago
The essence of science is
The essence of science is
The essence of science is
A) not important in psychological research.
B) a process involving inductive and deductive logic.
C) trial and error.
D) a process involving tenacity and deductive logic.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   275   2   3 years ago
Science is characterized by (Multiple Choice Question)
Science is characterized by (Multiple Choice Question)
Science is characterized by
A) a combination of induction and deduction.
B) deduction.
C) induction.
D) a separation of induction and deduction.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   251   2   3 years ago
Reasoning from the general to the specific is termed
Reasoning from the general to the specific is termed
Reasoning from the general to the specific is termed
A) deductive reasoning.
B) inductive reasoning.
C) telescopic reasoning.
D) rational reasoning.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   273   2   3 years ago
If a researcher uses inferred constructs as a basis on which to make a prediction about new and spec
If a researcher uses inferred constructs as a basis on which to make a prediction about new and spec
If a researcher uses inferred constructs as a basis on which to make a prediction about new and specific observations, he or she is engaging in
A) guessing.
B) inductive reasoning.
C) the fallacy of the slippery slope.
D) deductive reasoning.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   239   2   3 years ago
If a researcher begins with an empirical observation and infers constructs on the basis of that obse
If a researcher begins with an empirical observation and infers constructs on the basis of that obse
If a researcher begins with an empirical observation and infers constructs on the basis of that observation, he or she is engaging in
A) deductive reasoning.
B) hasty generalization.
C) inductive reasoning.
D) modal logic.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   224   2   3 years ago
Reasoning from the particular to the general is called
Reasoning from the particular to the general is called
Reasoning from the particular to the general is called
A) deductive thinking.
B) inductive reasoning.
C) conductive reasoning.
D) predicate logic.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   218   2   3 years ago
Predicting that an apple, if dropped, will fall to the ground is an example of
Predicting that an apple, if dropped, will fall to the ground is an example of
Predicting that an apple, if dropped, will fall to the ground is an example of
A) deduction.
B) induction.
C) rationalization.
D) observation.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   383   2   3 years ago
When we are reasoning from the specific to the general, we are using ________ reasoning. In contrast
When we are reasoning from the specific to the general, we are using ________ reasoning. In contrast
When we are reasoning from the specific to the general, we are using ________ reasoning. In contrast, when we are reasoning from the general to the specific, we are using ________ reasoning.
A) theoretical; predictive
B) deductive; inductive
C) inductive; deductive
D) predictive; theoretical
Referencing Help   Cremeux   842   2   3 years ago
Which of the following is an example of deductive thinking?
Which of the following is an example of deductive thinking?
Which of the following is an example of deductive thinking?
A) figuring out who was the killer in a Perry Mason story by carefully considering all of the clues
B) predicting what a friend would do in a particular situation based on your thorough knowledge of how this friend reacts
C) developing a theory of planetary motion by observing the movement of planets in the n
Referencing Help   Cremeux   182   2   3 years ago
Which of the following is an example of inductive thinking?
Which of the following is an example of inductive thinking?
Which of the following is an example of inductive thinking?
A) reasoning that a man will be able to hit a golf ball further than a woman because men generally have greater muscle development than women
B) assuming that the sun will rise tomorrow morning because we know that the earth will continue to rotate and the sun will not burn out for billions of years
C) assumi
Referencing Help   Cremeux   197   2   3 years ago
Inductive reasoning relies on (Multiple Choice Question)
Inductive reasoning relies on (Multiple Choice Question)
Inductive reasoning relies on
A) rationalization.
B) making empirical observations.
C) premises-conclusion arguments.
D) making predictions.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   167   2   3 years ago
To see a statement as being either true of false is known as
To see a statement as being either true of false is known as
To see a statement as being either true of false is known as
A) an evaluative language bias.
B) a similarity paradox.
C) an all-or-none bias.
D) a nominal fallacy.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   296   3   3 years ago
Mistaking the name of a phenomenon for the explanation of the phenomenon is called a
Mistaking the name of a phenomenon for the explanation of the phenomenon is called a
Mistaking the name of a phenomenon for the explanation of the phenomenon is called a
A) Barnum statement.
B) nominal fallacy.
C) similarity-uniqueness paradox.
D) evaluative bias.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   236   2   3 years ago
The logical error of confusing a construct for a fact is called
The logical error of confusing a construct for a fact is called
The logical error of confusing a construct for a fact is called
A) petitio principii.
B) reification.
C) post hoc ergo propter hoc.
D) begging the question.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   368   2   3 years ago
Constructs are used (Multiple Choice Question)
Constructs are used (Multiple Choice Question)
Constructs are used
A) only in poor research.
B) as if they are reality.
C) only in deductive models.
D) only in inductive models.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   207   2   3 years ago
Many of the therapists who use psychoanalytic techniques have been accused of actually believing tha
Many of the therapists who use psychoanalytic techniques have been accused of actually believing tha
Many of the therapists who use psychoanalytic techniques have been accused of actually believing that there is an ego, superego, and an id. If this accusation were true, they would have committed a logical error known as
A) reification of a construct.
B) construct validity.
C) construct confusion.
D) None of the above
Referencing Help   Cremeux   426   2   3 years ago
Reification means (Multiple Choice Question)
Reification means (Multiple Choice Question)
Reification means
A) confusing empirical observations with fact.
B) confusing a construct for a fact.
C) confusing reality and logic.
D) believing that there is an afterlife.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   241   2   3 years ago
Ideas constructed by the researcher and used analogically (i.e., as if they existed) are termedA) ex
Ideas constructed by the researcher and used analogically (i.e., as if they existed) are termedA) ex
Ideas constructed by the researcher and used analogically (i.e., as if they existed) are termed
A) existential ideas.
B) ontological ideas.
C) constructs.
D) phenomena.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   187   2   3 years ago
Ideas constructed by researchers on the basis of observed events are called
Ideas constructed by researchers on the basis of observed events are called
Ideas constructed by researchers on the basis of observed events are called
A) phantasms.
B) observations.
C) hypotheses.
D) constructs.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   404   2   3 years ago
A construct is (Multiple Choice Question)
A construct is (Multiple Choice Question)
A construct is
A) an observation.
B) a fact observed independently.
C) an idea held by the researcher.
D) an experimental manipulation.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   192   2   3 years ago
Which of the following are examples of inferred constructs?
Which of the following are examples of inferred constructs?
Which of the following are examples of inferred constructs?
A) electricity and gravity
B) heart beats and blood pressure
C) nonverbal gestures
D) disruptive behavior
Referencing Help   Cremeux   184   2   3 years ago
A construct (Multiple Choice Question)
A construct (Multiple Choice Question)
A construct
A) is an idea created by the researcher.
B) is often designed to explain and/or predict behavior.
C) is often used by the researcher as if it were actually true.
D) All of the above
Referencing Help   Cremeux   174   2   3 years ago
Which of the following is NOT a construct?
Which of the following is NOT a construct?
Which of the following is NOT a construct?
A) intelligence
B) gravity
C) the ego
D) age
Referencing Help   Cremeux   137   2   3 years ago
Emotions such as anger, sadness, and happiness are examples of
Emotions such as anger, sadness, and happiness are examples of
Emotions such as anger, sadness, and happiness are examples of
A) observable events.
B) constructs.
C) facts.
D) dependent variables.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   221   2   3 years ago
The study of memory, emotion, and intelligence is an example of
The study of memory, emotion, and intelligence is an example of
The study of memory, emotion, and intelligence is an example of
A) non-empirical research.
B) the study of observable facts.
C) the study of non-observable variables.
D) a study of specific behavioral events.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   164   2   3 years ago
Events such as personality, intelligence, stress, and memory are
Events such as personality, intelligence, stress, and memory are
Events such as personality, intelligence, stress, and memory are
A) avoided in scientific inquiry.
B) rational ideas constructed by the researcher.
C) accepted as true.
D) facts from which scientific inferences can be drawn.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   259   2   3 years ago
Constructs are to inference as facts are to
Constructs are to inference as facts are to
Constructs are to inference as facts are to
A) models.
B) behavior.
C) observation
D) science
Referencing Help   Cremeux   390   2   3 years ago
Inferences are largely drawn from
Inferences are largely drawn from
Inferences are largely drawn from
A) experience.
B) empirical observations.
C) hypotheses.
D) textbooks.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   294   2   3 years ago
The main facts observed in psychology are
The main facts observed in psychology are
The main facts observed in psychology are
A) organismic facts.
B) inferred facts.
C) universal facts.
D) behavioral facts.
Referencing Help   Cremeux   481   2   3 years ago
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