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2 months ago
An adult female patient has been living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) for several years but has recently been admitted to the hospital after being diagnosed with herpes simplex. How would this patient's herpes infection most likely be characterized?
A)Community-acquired infection
B)Opportunistic infection
C)Secondary infection
D)Nosocomial infection
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Abrams' Clinical Drug Therapy: Rationales for Nursing Practice
Edition: 10th
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Microorganisms may become pathogens in hosts whose defense mechanisms are impaired. Opportunistic infections are likely to occur in people whose defenses are compromised due to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. This is not characterized as a nosocomial infection (hospital-acquired infection) or a secondary infection. The infection was likely to have been acquired in the community, but the patient's HIV diagnosis means that it would be considered to be an opportunistic infection.

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