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A month ago
Write an essay on altruism in the preschool years. To what degree are preschoolers altruistic? What determines the level of altruism at this age? How can preschool teachers enhance altruism in classroom settings and how might parents do so at home?
Textbook 

Early Childhood Development: A Multicultural Perspective


Edition: 7th
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A month ago
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Suggested Responses: Students should define altruism as kindness and caring. They should note that preschoolers can be very altruistic. Students should explain that altruism, is determined by a number of factors, including genetics (e.g., in-born empathy), models and rewards, and the intellectual understanding of kindness. Culture plays a role in shaping altruism. Students should note that in societies where children contribute to family work altruism is greatest. Classroom and home strategies should be proposed which relate to these various perspectives on the origins of altruism. Students could propose, for example, that parents and teachers model and reward kind behavior (as suggested by behaviorist and learning theories), teach children about the relationship between prosocial behavior and the consequences of these behaviors (as suggested by a cognitive-developmental approach), and consider other factors in children's environments that encourage or discourage empathy and altruism (as suggested by ecological systems theory).
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