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4 months ago
Describe eight principles of curriculum construction and explain their significance to curriculum planners.

Developing the Curriculum

Edition: 9th
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2 months ago
(a) Suitability to the age and mental level of the children
What is to be given to the children in the form of learning experiences at a particular age and grade level should suit their age and mental development
The capacity for understanding, how children grow with age. The content of the study in any subject should be formed to suit their mental ability.

(b) According to the specific interests of students
Children will be able to learn better in fields where they have special tastes and inclinations of the mind.
It is also found that at different stages of age groups, children have different interest patterns.
The interests of children also change according to circumstances and situations.
Therefore learning experiences should be designed to suit the interests and tastes of the age group of students.

(c) The curriculum should be environmentally centred
The content of the learning experiences for children should be linked with the needs of the environment in which they live.
For example, children from rural areas can understand and grasp easily the information which is directly concerned with their experiences in their own rural environment.
The same thing applies to children in various environments like urban areas, hilly areas, etc.

(d) The principle of the comprehensive curriculum
The curriculum must have the necessary details. A list of topics to be covered does not solve the purpose.
Both teachers and students should know clearly what is expected of them, what is the beginning and what is the end of the topic for the particular class.
Material, aids, activities, life situations etc. should be listed in the curriculum.

(e) Principle of co-relation
The curriculum should be such that all the subjects are correlated with each other.
While designing the curriculum, it must be kept in mind that the subject matter of various subjects has some relation to each other so that they help the child eventually.

(f) The principle of practical work
Children are very active by nature.
They like new things and can learn more by doing or by activity method.
Therefore curriculum should be designed in such a way that it provides maximum opportunity to the child for practical work with the help of concrete things.

(g) Principle of flexibility
Instead of being rigid curriculum should show the sign of flexibility.
The organization of the curriculum should be on the basis of individual differences as every child is different from the other.
Apart from these conditions of society going on changing, therefore, the curriculum must be flexible enough to address the needs and aspirations of the society.

(h) Principle of forward-looking
This principle asks for the inclusion of those topics, content and learning experiences that may prove helpful to the students in leading their future life in a proper way.

(i) The principle of consultation with teachers
Teachers play a key role in the implementation of the school curriculum of any grade or stage.
It is therefore quite essential to seek the proper involvement of the teachers in the construction and development of the school curriculum.
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