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A year ago
What type of joint is the elbow joint?
 
  A) pivot
  B) hinge
  C) ball-and-socket
  D) gliding



(Question 2) The mechanisms that establish the medullary osmotic gradient depend mostly on the properties of the ________.
 
  A) distal convoluted tubule
  B) glomerular filtration membrane
  C) collecting duct
  D) loop of Henle



(Question 3) What movement lowers bones?
 
  A) retraction
  B) elevation
  C) protraction
  D) depression



(Question 4) Bending your head back beyond anatomical position is an example of ________.
 
  A) circumduction
  B) flexion
  C) extension
  D) hyperextension



(Question 5) What type of epithelium lines the urethral mucosa?
 
  A) None of the listed responses is correct.
  B) transitional epithelium
  C) stratified cuboidal epithelium
  D) stratified squamous epithelium



(Question 6) The single duct that drains urine from the bladder out of the body is the ________.
 
  A) None of the listed responses is correct.
  B) ureter
  C) renal pelvis
  D) urethra



(Question 7) What is the muscular organ that temporarily stores urine?
 
  A) ureter
  B) kidney
  C) bladder
  D) None of the listed responses is correct.



(Question 8) What drains the blood from the glomerulus?
 
  A) arcuate arteries
  B) afferent arteriole
  C) renal artery
  D) efferent arteriole



(Question 9) The terms inversion and eversion pertain only to the ________.
 
  A) hands
  B) feet
  C) arms
  D) hands and feet



(Question 10) Pointing of the toes is an example of ________.
 
  A) protraction
  B) circumduction
  C) pronation
  D) plantar flexion
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wrote...
A year ago
1) B
Explanation:
A) The elbow is not a pivot joint.
C) The elbow is not a ball-and-socket joint.
D) The elbow is not a gliding joint.

- - -

2) D
Explanation:
A) The properties of the distal convoluted tubule do not establish the medullary osmotic gradient.
B) The properties of the glomerular filtration membrane do not establish the medullary osmotic gradient.
C) The properties of the collecting duct do not establish the medullary osmotic gradient.

- - -

3) D
Explanation:
A) Retraction moves structures posteriorly.
B) Elevation raises bones.
C) Protraction moves a structure anteriorly.

- - -

4) D
Explanation:
A) Circumduction is a circular movement.
B) Flexion would be moving your head down.
C) Extension would be standing up from a bending position.

- - -

5) D
Explanation:
A) One of the listed answers is correct.
B) The ureters and urinary bladder are lined with transitional epithelium but not the urethra.
C) The urethra is not lined with stratified cuboidal epithelium.

Exercise 44: Physiology of the Urinary System

Exercise 44: Pre-Lab Questions

- - -

6) D
Explanation:
A) One of the listed answers is correct.
B) The ureters carry urine from the kidney to the bladder.
C) The renal pelvis connects into the ureter.

- - -

7) C
Explanation:
A) The ureters carry urine from the kidney to the bladder.
B) The kidney produces urine.
D) One of the listed answers is correct.

- - -

8) D
Explanation:
A) Arcuate arteries do not drain the blood from the glomerulus.
B) The afferent arteriole brings blood to the nephron.
C) The renal artery brings blood to the kidney.

- - -

9) B
Explanation:
A) Inversion and eversion do not pertain to the hands.
C) Inversion and eversion do not pertain to the arms.
D) Inversion and eversion do not pertain to the hands.

- - -

10) D
Explanation:
A) Pointing of the toes is not protraction.
B) Pointing of the toes is not circumduction.
C) Pointing of the toes is not pronation.
wrote...
A year ago
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